|Nigel Farage in February 2013|
|Leader of the UK Independence Party|
5 November 2010
|Preceded by||Jeffrey Titford|
27 September 2006 – 27 November 2009
|Preceded by||Roger Knapman|
|Succeeded by||The Lord Pearson of Rannoch|
|Member of the European Parliament
for South East England
15 July 1999
3 April 1964 |
Herne, Kent, United Kingdom
|Political party||UK Independence Party|
|Conservative (until 1993)|
|Spouse(s)||Gráinne Hayes (m. 1988–97)
Kirsten Mehr (1999–present)
|Alma mater||Dulwich College|
|Occupation||Politician, city trader|
|Religion||Church of England|
Nigel Paul Farage (pron.: //, FA-rahzh; born 3 April 1964) is a British politician and leader of the UK Independence Party (UKIP) since 2010; he also held that position from September 2006 to November 2009. Since 1999, he has been a Member of the European Parliament for South East England and co-chairs the Europe of Freedom and Democracy group.
Farage was a founding member of UKIP, having left the Conservative Party in 1992 after the signing of the Maastricht Treaty. Having unsuccessfully campaigned in European and Westminster parliamentary elections for UKIP since 1994, he won a seat as MEP for South East England in the 1999 European Parliament Election – the first year the regional list system was used – and was re-elected in 2004 and 2009. Farage describes himself as a libertarian.
In September 2006, Farage became the UKIP Leader and led the party through the 2009 European Parliament Election when it received the second highest share of the popular vote, defeating Labour and the Liberal Democrats with over two million votes. He stepped down in November 2009 to concentrate on contesting the Buckingham seat of the Speaker, John Bercow, at the 2010 general election.
At the 2010 General Election, Farage failed to unseat Bercow and received only the third highest share of the vote in the constituency. Shortly after the polls opened on 6 May 2010, Farage was injured in an aircraft crash in Northamptonshire. The two-seated PZL-104 Wilga 35A had been towing a pro-UKIP banner when it flipped over and crashed shortly after takeoff. Both Farage and the pilot were hospitalised with non-life threatening injuries.
In November 2010, Farage successfully stood in the 2010 UKIP leadership contest, following the resignation of its leader, Lord Pearson of Rannoch. Farage was also ranked 41st in The Daily Telegraph's Top 100 most influential right-wingers poll in October 2009, citing his media savvy and his success with UKIP in the European Elections. Farage was ranked 58th in the 2010 list compiled by Iain Dale and Brian Brivati for The Daily Telegraph. In the same list published in 2012, Farage was ranked 17th.
Farage was born in Herne, Kent, on 3 April 1964, to Guy Justus Oscar Farage and Barbara Stevens. His father was a stockbroker in the City who left the family home when Nigel was five years old. Farage was educated at Dulwich College. In 1982 he joined the London commodity brokerage firm Drexel Burnham Lambert. In 1986, he joined Credit Lyonnais Rouse. He joined Refco in 1994, and Natexis Metals in 2003.
Farage has been married twice. He married Grace Hayes in 1988, by whom he has two children: Samuel (1989) and Thomas (1991). The marriage was dissolved in 1997. In 1999 he married Kirsten Mehr, a German national, and they have two children, Victoria (born 2000) and Isabelle (born 2005).
Farage has published a book of memoirs, entitled Fighting Bull (Flying Free in paperback), outlining the founding of UKIP and his personal and political life so far.
Political career 
Conservative Party 
UKIP and the European Parliament 
Farage was a founding member of UKIP in 1993. He was elected to the European Parliament in 1999 and re-elected in 2004 and 2009. Farage is presently the leader of the thirteen-member UKIP contingent in the European Parliament, and co-leader of the multinational Eurosceptic group, Europe of Freedom and Democracy.
UKIP party leadership 
On 12 September 2006, Farage was elected leader of UKIP with 45% of the vote, 20% ahead of his nearest rival. He pledged to bring discipline to the party and to maximise UKIP's representation in local, parliamentary and other elections. In a PM programme interview on BBC Radio 4 that day he pledged to end the public perception of UKIP as a single-issue party and to work with allied politicians in the Better Off Out campaign, committing himself not to stand against the MPs who have signed up to that campaign (ten in all at this moment).
In his maiden speech to the UKIP conference, on 8 October 2006, Farage told delegates that the party was "at the centre-ground of British public opinion" and the "real voice of opposition". He said: "We've got three social democratic parties in Britain – Labour, Lib Dem and Conservative are virtually indistinguishable from each other on nearly all the main issues" and "you can't put a cigarette paper between them and that is why there are nine million people who don't vote now in general elections that did back in 1992."
At 10pm on 19 October 2006, Farage took part in a three-hour live interview and phone-in with James Whale on the national radio station talkSPORT. Four days later, Whale announced on his show his intention to stand as UKIP's candidate in the 2008 London Mayoral Election. Farage said that Whale "not only has guts, but an understanding of what real people think". Whale later decided not to stand and UKIP was represented by Gerard Batten.
Westminster elections 
Farage had unsuccessfully contested British parliamentary elections for UKIP five times, both before and after his election as an MEP in 1999. Under the 2002 European Union decision to forbid MEPs from holding a dual mandate, if he were to be elected to the House of Commons, he would have to resign his seat as MEP.
When he contested the Bromley & Chislehurst constituency in a May 2006 by-election, following the death of Eurosceptic Conservative MP Eric Forth, Farage came third, winning 8% of the vote, beating the Labour Party candidate. This was the second-best by-election result recorded by UKIP out of 25 results, and the first time since the Liverpool Walton by-election in 1991 that a party in government had been pushed into fourth place in a parliamentary by-election on mainland Britain.
2010 UK General Election 
On 4 September 2009, Farage resigned as the UKIP's leader to focus on his campaign to become Member of Parliament for Buckingham at Westminster in the 2010 general election. He later told Times journalist Camilla Long that UKIP internal fights took up far too much time.
Farage stood against sitting Buckingham MP, John Bercow, the newly elected Speaker of the House of Commons, despite the convention that the Speaker, as a political neutral, is not normally challenged in his or her bid for re-election by any of the major parties.
Farage came third with 8,401 votes. Bercow was re-elected and in second place with 10,331 votes was John Stevens, a former Conservative MEP who campaigned as an independent accompanied by "Flipper the Dolphin" (a reference to MPs flipping second homes).
Injured in air crash 
On 6 May 2010, on the morning the polls opened in the election, just before eight o'clock Farage was involved in an aircraft crash, suffering injuries described as non-life-threatening. A spokesperson told the BBC that "it was unlikely Mr Farage would be discharged from hospital today." Although his injuries were originally described as minor, his sternum and ribs were broken and his lung punctured. The Air Accident Investigation Branch (AAIB) report said that the aeroplane was towing a banner, which caught in the tailplane, forcing the nose down.
On 1 December 2010, the pilot of the aircraft involved in the accident was charged with threatening to kill Farage in a separate incident. He was also charged with threatening to kill an AAIB official involved in the investigation into the accident. In April 2011, Justin Adams was found guilty of making death threats. The judge said that the defendant was "clearly extremely disturbed" at the time the offences happened adding "He is a man who does need help. If I can find a way of giving him help I will."
Alternative Vote referendum, May 2011 
Farage declared himself personally in favour of the Alternative Vote system of May 2011, saying first-past-the-post would be a "nightmare" for UKIP. The party's stance has to be decided by its central policy-making committee.
May 2012 London mayoral and local elections 
In a "bizarre cock-up", the UKIP forgot to put their party name on their candidate's ballot paper for the London mayoral election, 2012, Laurence Webb appearing as "A fresh choice for London." Farage admitted the mistake describing it as an internal error. Interviewed the following Sunday by Andrew Neil and asked about "the game plan", Farage welcomed the "average 13% vote" across the country, and stated that the party was preparing for County council in 2013, European elections in 2014 and a general election in 2015.
Asked what would happen to UKIP if the Tories made a manifesto commitment to a "European Referendum", Farage said they had already failed to honour a "cast iron" commitment for a referendum on the Lisbon Treaty. Challenging Farage's viewpoint, Neil conceded that UKIP aspired to come top of the European elections, but whilst UKIP wanted to join the big time they were still seen as "unprofessional, amateur and even unacceptable" after the Party's press officer called Baroness Warsi "a bitch". Farage regretted "the wrong choice of words" but further described Warsi as "the lowest grade Chairman the Tory Party has ever had." Neil proceeded to mock the so-called internal error which had made Farage "a joke". He was also voted politician of the year by MSN.
Copyright infringement 
In 1999 the BBC spent four months filming a documentary about his European election campaign but did not show it. Farage, then head of the UKIP's South East office, asked for a video and had friends make illegal copies which were sold for £5 through the UKIP's magazine. Surrey Trading Standards investigated and Farage has admitted the offence.
Expenses disclosure 
In May 2009, The Guardian reported that Farage had said in a speech to the Foreign Press Association that over ten years as a Member of the European Parliament he received £2 million of taxpayers' money in staff, travel, and other expenses on top of his £64,000 a year salary.
A former MP Denis MacShane, previously a Labour Minister for Europe, said that this showed that Farage was "happy to line his pockets with gold". Farage called this a "misrepresentation", claiming that the money had been used to promote UKIP's message and staff salaries, not his own salary, but he welcomed the focus on the issue of MEP expenses, claiming that "[o]ver a five year term each and every one of Britain's 78 MEPs gets about £1 million. It is used to employ administrative staff, run their offices and to travel back and forth between their home, Brussels and Strasbourg."
Jacques Barrot 
On 18 November 2004, Farage announced in the European Parliament that Jacques Barrot, the French Commissioner designate, had been barred from elected office in France for 2 years, after being convicted in 2000 of embezzling £2 million from government funds and diverting it into the coffers of his party. He claimed that French President Jacques Chirac had granted Barrot amnesty and initial BBC reports claimed that, under French Law, it was perhaps illegal to mention that conviction; the prohibition in question applies only to French officials in the course of their duties. The President of the Parliament, Josep Borrell, enjoined him to retract his comments under threat of "legal consequences". The following day it was confirmed that Barrot had received an 8-month suspended jail sentence in the case, and that this had been quickly expunged by the amnesty decided by Chirac and his parliamentary majority. The Socialist and Liberal groups in the European Parliament then joined forces with UKIP in demanding the resignation of Barrot for failing to disclose the conviction during his confirmation hearings.
José Manuel Barroso 
During the spring of 2005, Farage requested that the European Commission disclose where the individual Commissioners had spent their holidays. The Commission did not provide the information requested, on the basis that the Commissioners had a right of privacy. The German newspaper Die Welt reported that the President of the European Commission, José Manuel Barroso had spent a week on the yacht of the Greek shipping billionaire Spiro Latsis. It emerged soon afterwards that this had occurred a month before the Commission under Barroso's predecessor Romano Prodi approved 10.3 million euro of Greek state aid for Latsis' shipping company. It also became known that Peter Mandelson, then a member of the Commission, had accepted a trip to Jamaica from an unrevealed source.
Farage persuaded around 75 MEPs from across the political divide to back a motion of no confidence in Barroso, which would be sufficient to compel Barroso to appear before the European Parliament to be questioned on the issue. The motion was successfully tabled on 12 May 2005, and Barroso appeared before Parliament at a debate on 26 May 2005. The motion was heavily defeated. A Conservative MEP, Roger Helmer, was expelled from his group, the European People's Party – European Democrats (EPP-ED), in the middle of the debate by that group's leader Hans-Gert Poettering as a result of his support for Farage's motion.
Joseph Daul 
In January 2007, the French farmers' leader Joseph Daul was elected the new leader of the European People's Party–European Democrats (EPP-ED), the European Parliamentary grouping which then included the British Conservatives. The UK Independence Party almost immediately revealed that Daul had been under judicial investigation in France since 2004 as part of an inquiry into the alleged misuse of public funds worth €16 million (£10.6 million) by French farming unions." It was not suggested that Daul had personally benefited, but was accused of "complicity and concealment of the abuse of public funds." Daul accused Farage of publicising the investigation for political reasons and threatened to sue Farage, but did not do so though the court dropped all charges against him.
Prince Charles 
Prince Charles was invited to speak to the European Parliament on 14 February 2008; in his speech he called for EU leadership in the battle against climate change. During the standing ovation that followed, Farage was the only MEP to remain seated, and he went on to describe the Prince's advisers as "naïve and foolish at best." Farage continued: "How can somebody like Prince Charles be allowed to come to the European Parliament at this time to announce he thinks it should have more powers? It would have been better for the country he wants to rule one day if he had stayed home and tried to persuade Gordon Brown to give the people the promised referendum on the Treaty of Lisbon." The leader of the UK Labour Party's MEPs, Gary Titley, accused Farage of anti-Royalism. Titley said: "I was embarrassed and disgusted when the Leader of the UK Independence Party, Nigel Farage, remained firmly seated during the lengthy standing ovation Prince Charles received. I had not realised Mr Farage's blind adherence to right wing politics involved disloyalty and discourtesy to the Royal Family. He should be thoroughly ashamed of himself and should apologise to the British people he represents."
Herman Van Rompuy 
After the speech of Herman Van Rompuy on 24 February 2010 to the European Parliament, Farage – to protests from other MEPs – addressed the first long-term President of the European Council saying that he had the "charisma of a damp rag and the appearance of low grade bank clerk". Farage questioned the legitimacy of Van Rompuy's appointment, asking "Who are you? I'd never heard of you, nobody in Europe had ever heard of you" he also asserted that Van Rompuy's "intention [is] to be the quiet assassin of European democracy and of the European nation states." In the same speech he also referred to Belgium, the home of Van Rompuy, as "pretty much a non-country". Van Rompuy commented afterwards, "There was one contribution that I can only hold in contempt, but I'm not going to comment further." After refusing to apologise for behaviour that was, in the words of the President of the European Parliament, Jerzy Buzek, "inappropriate, unparliamentary and insulting to the dignity of the House", Farage was reprimanded and had his right to ten days' allowance (expenses) rescinded.
I defend absolutely Mr Farage's right to disagree about the policy or institutions of the Union, but not to personally insult our guests in the European Parliament or the country from which they may come. [. . .] I myself fought for free speech as the absolute cornerstone of a democratic society. But with freedom comes responsibility – in this case, to respect the dignity of others and of our institutions. I am disappointed by Mr Farage's behaviour, which sits ill with the great parliamentary tradition of his own country. I cannot accept this sort of behaviour in the European Parliament. I invited him to apologise, but he declined to do so. I have therefore – as an expression of the seriousness of the matter – rescinded his right to ten days' daily allowance as a Member.
Questioned by Camilla Long, Farage declared of his speech "it wasn't abusive, it was right."
Visit to Scotland 
In May 2013 Farage tried to hold a press conference in a pub in Edinburgh's Royal Mile. Protesters forced him to abandon it, the landlord of the pub told him to leave, a taxi driver refused to take him, and he had to be taken away in an armoured police van, while protesters shouted "You are a racist, go back to London", "scum" and "you're a bawbag" (Scots for scrotum). He was trying to raise the UKIP's profile in Scotland ahead of the Aberdeen Donside by-election; it currently has no representation in the country, with 0.91% of the vote. During an interview with BBC's Good Morning Scotland radio show, Farage labelled the protesters "yobbo fascist scum" before hanging up after stating that the questions regarding the incident in Edinburgh were insulting and unpleasant.
Views on the euro 
From taking office as a UKIP MEP in 1999, Farage has often voiced opposition to the "euro project". His argument is that "a one-size-fits-all interest rate" cannot work for countries with structurally different economies, often using the example of Greece and Germany to emphasise contrast. He predicted the need for bailouts before European Commission and European Central Bank officials admitted that these steps would be necessary. Although Spain and Italy have both had indirect assistance from the ECB, whereby secondary government bonds are bought by the central bank, they are prohibited from purchasing new bonds. Farage warns: "You can ignore the markets if you want to, but in time the markets will not ignore you". Farage also reinforces Germany's argument that Italy "should never have joined the Euro".
Farage strongly opposes the use of bailouts and claims that "buying your own debt with tax payers money" will not solve the problem and that, "if we do, the next debt crisis won't be a country", "it will be the European Central Bank itself".
Electoral performance 
Nigel Farage has contested several elections under the United Kingdom Independence Party banner:
- Itchen, Test and Avon, European Parliament Election 1994 – 12,423 votes, representing 5% of total votes cast
- Eastleigh by-election, 1994 – 952, 1.4%
- Salisbury, 1997 general election – 3,332, 6%
- European Parliament election, 1999 – elected member for South East England from party list
- Bexhill and Battle, 2001 general election – 3,474, 8%
- European Parliament election, 2004 – elected member for South East England from party list
- South Thanet, 2005 general election – 2,079, 5%
- Bromley and Chislehurst by-election, 2006 – 2,307, 8%
- European Parliament election, 2009 – elected member for South East England from party list.
- Buckingham, 2010 general election – 8,410, 17%
- While Farage himself pronounces it thus, he has stated that he does not mind if the alternative pronunciation of //, FA-rij, is used by others – Farage vs Paxman, Newsnight (YouTube – UKIP webmaster's channel), 18 April 2010. Retrieved 13 May 2013.
- Barnett, Ruth (5 November 2010). "Nigel Farage Re-Elected UKIP Party Leader". Sky News. Retrieved 22 November 2011.
- Edwards, Richard (7 May 2010). "Ukip's Nigel Farage has lucky escape after election stunt plane crash". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 20 May 2010. (subscription required)
- Sparrow, Andrew (3 September 2010). "Nigel Farage to stand for Ukip leadership again". The Guardian (London).
- Dale, Iain; Brivati, Brian (5 October 2009). "Top 100 most influential right-wingers". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 20 May 2010. (subscription required)
- "Iain Dale's Top 100 most influential figures from the Right 2012". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 1 March 2013. (subscription required)
- Waterfield, Bruno (25 February 2010). "Ukip's Nigel Farage faces reprimand after calling Herman Van Rompuy 'wet rag'". The Daily Telegraph (London). (subscription required)
- Adams, Tim (21 July 2012). "Nigel Farage: I was never scared of being out on a limb". The Guardian (London).
- Goldsmith, Rosie (4 December 2012). "Profile: Nigel Farage, UKIP leader". BBC News. Retrieved 1 March 2013.
- Chalmers, Robert (5 February 2012). "Nigel Farage: 'Politicians govern through fear'". The Independent (London). Retrieved 1 March 2013.
- 'FARAGE, Nigel Paul', Who's Who 2012, A & C Black, 2012; online edn, Oxford University Press, Dec 2011 ; online edn, Nov 2011 Retrieved 22 July 2012.
- Hattenstone, Simon (5 June 2009). "Nigel Farage, Ukip: 'Other party leaders live in a PC world'". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 6 April 2012.
- "Nigel Farage: Beware UKIP's smiling assassin". The Daily Telegraph (London). 15 March 2013. Retrieved 19 March 2013. (subscription required)
- Paumgarten, Nick (22 October 2012). "Nigel Farage and the Euro". The New Yorker. Retrieved 19 March 2013.
- Watts, Robert (11 March 2007). "Making plans with Nigel". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 20 May 2010. (subscription required)
- "Profile: Nigel Farage". BBC News. 12 September 2006. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
- "Question Time: This week's panel". BBC. 28 March 2007. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
- [dead link]
- "Politics | UKIP 'voice of British majority'". BBC News. 7 October 2006.
- [dead link]
- Farage to quit as UKIP Leader, UKIP website, Retrieved 4 September 2009
- Long, Camilla (21 March 2010). "Nigel Farage: Brimming over with bile and booze". The Times (London). (subscription required)
- "Farage to stand against Speaker". BBC News. 3 September 2009.
- Dowling, Tim (7 May 2010). "Election results: Ukip's Nigel Farage finishes behind John Bercow and Flipper". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 7 May 2010.
- "Nigel Farage injured in plane crash in Northamptonshire". BBC News. 6 May 2010.
- Farndale, Nigel (18 November 2010). "Nigel Farage: born to rant". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 23 November 2010. (subscription required)
- "AAIB Bulletin: 11/2010 G-BWDF 6 May 2010 at 0659 hrs". Air Accidents Investigation Branch. Retrieved 23 November 2010.
- "Crash pilot 'threatened to kill UKIP's Nigel Farage'". BBC News. 1 December 2010. Retrieved 1 December 2010.
- "Nigel Farage death threats crash pilot guilty". BBC News. 14 April 2011. Retrieved 14 April 2011.
- "AV referendum: Where parties stand". BBC News. 13 January 2011. Retrieved 11-02-2011.
- Eaton, George (4 May 2012). "How UKIP became "Fresh Choice for London"". New Statesman (London). Retrieved 1 June 2012.
- "Nigel Farage calls on Conservative MPs to join UKIP". BBC news. 6 May 2012. Retrieved 1 June 2012.
- Green, William (31 December 2012). "Ukip's Nigel Farage named top UK politician of 2012". MSN News.
- Watts, Robert (11 March 2007). "Making plans with Nigel". The Sunday Telegraph (London). (subscription required)
- Helm, Toby (24 May 2009). "Ukip leader boasts of his £2m in expenses". The Observer (London). Retrieved 8 June 2009.
- "McShane misses the point on expenses" (Press release). UKIP. 19 May 2009. Retrieved 8 June 2009.
- "MEP expense spotlight turns focus to EU" (Press release). UKIP. 25 May 2009. Retrieved 8 June 2009.
- "Profile: Jacques Barrot". BBC. 22 November 2004. Retrieved 8 June 2009.
- The prohibition contained in the French penal code against mentioning crimes covered by an amnesty only concerns French officials who may hear of such crimes in the course of their duties (CP L133-11), and does not apply generally (L133-10).
- "MEP Nigel Farage replies to Parliament President Josep Borrell". 18 November 2004. Retrieved 22 November 2011.
- Castle, Stephen (26 May 2005). "Barroso survives confidence debate over free holiday with Greek tycoon". The Independent (London). Retrieved 8 June 2009.
- Neuger, James G. (25 May 2005). "Barroso Fights No-Confidence Vote Amid French Treaty Debate". Bloomberg (New York). Retrieved 8 June 2009.
- "Barroso rebuffs yacht questions". BBC News. 25 May 2005. Retrieved 8 June 2009.
- Waterfield, Bruno (13 January 2007). "EU Right's new leader at heart of funds inquiry". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 8 June 2009. (subscription required)
- "UKIP anger at prince's EU speech". BBC News. 14 February 2008. Retrieved 8 June 2009.
- "Tirade against 'damp rag' EU president shocks MEPs". BBC News. 24 February 2010. Retrieved 24 February 2010.
- EUX.TV YouTube channel – Nigel Farage harangues EU President Herman van Rompuy. Uploaded 24 February 2010; Retrieved 27 February 2010
- "MEP Nigel Farage fined over 'insulting' tirade". BBC News. 2 March 2010. Retrieved 21 March 2010.
- "EP President Jerzy BUZEK on MEP Nigel FARAGE – 68659". European Parliament. 3 March 2010. Retrieved 21 March 2010.
- "Nigel Farage forced to flee Edinburgh's Royal Mile". The Scotsman (Edinburgh). 16 May 2013. Retrieved 16 May 2013.
- "Farage swarmed by angry protesters in Edinburgh". BBC News. 16 May 2013. Retrieved 16 May 2013.
- Carrell, Severin (16 May 2013). "Nigel Farage flees barrage of abuse from Edinburgh protesters". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 18 May 2013.
- "Farrago as Nigel Farage is rescued by police from protesters". The Herald (Glasgow). 16 May 2013. Retrieved 16 May 2013.
- "Nigel Farage blasts 'anti-English' protesters". BBC News. 17 May 2013. Retrieved 18 May 2013.
- "Nigel Farage – Europe Trapped Inside an Economic Prison (A collage of speeches by UKIP Leader Nigel Farage MEP in the European Parliament". 22 April 2011. Retrieved 22 November 2011.
- "| europarl speech archives, with full list of all of Mr Farage's speeches in plenary that are referred to in original source video". European Parliament. Retrieved 1 March 2013.[dead link]
Further reading 
- Fighting Bull. Biteback (autobiography 2010 hardback first edition); Flying Free. Biteback (autobiography 2011 paperback second edition)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Nigel Farage|
|Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Nigel Farage|
- Nigel Farage MEP Official website
- Nigel Farage on Twitter
- Nigel Farage Profile at European Parliament website
- UKIP MEPs Official website of the UK Independence Party in the European Parliament
- Europe of Freedom and Democracy Political group in the European Parliament
- Debrett's People of Today
|Party political offices|
|Chairman of the UK Independence Party
|Leader of the UK Independence Party
The Lord Pearson of Rannoch
|Leader of the UK Independence Party