Niger Basin Authority
The Niger Basin Authority (French: Autorité du Bassin du Niger) is an intergovernmental organisation in West Africa aiming to foster co-operation in managing and developing the resources of the basin of the River Niger. The group is referred to by both French and English acronyms, NBA or ABN.
The Niger Basin Authority defines its purpose as the promotion of cooperation among member countries to ensure integrated development of resources. The organisation originally defined its mission as the cooperative management of water resources, most notably, but not limited to, the Niger River. While centering of water and hydroelectric resources, the NBA nations use the organisation to harmonise development of energy, agriculture, forestry, transport, communications, and industrial resources of the member nations. The NBA has worked to create a "Integrated Development Plan of the Basin", especially focusing on cross boundary projects. The NBA itself has been ceded no sovereign power over resources or management, and therefore all regulation must be imposed by individual sovereign governments. While not the original focus of the NBA, environmental protection from the threats of desertification, deforestation and pollution of the rivers by agriculture and industry have become a major theme of their work.
Nine nations which include part of the Niger Basin are members: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea, Mali, Niger and Nigeria. While a small area of Algeria falls within the Niger Basin, it is not a member of the NBA. It is based in Niamey and works in both French and English.
Ministers representing the Authority's members meet in yearly session at the headquarters in Niamey, as well as locations in the member states. Additionally, NBA heads of states and foreign contributors meet at a regular Conference of the Heads of State of the Niger Basin Authority and Partners. The 8th "Summit of the Niger Basin Authority Heads of State and Government" took place in Niamey in April 2008, and agreed on the implementation of several documents. These included the "2008-2027 Investment Programme of the River Niger Basin", the "Water Charter of the River Niger Basin", creation of a donors' meeting for the implementation of the 2008-2012 priority five-year plan, acceleration of the Taoussa dam project in Mali and the Kandadji Dam project in Niger.
The Authority derives funds both from member states and from international donors. The NBA participates in cooperative projects with organisations such as the World Wildlife Fund, Wetlands International, RAMSAR and foreign donor governments.
- Official website
- "World Bank Sending $500 Million Funding for Niger Basin Development". Voice of America online. 2007-07-04. Retrieved 2007-07-17.
- Niger Basin Initiative. World Wildlife Fund - WARPO / Freshwater Program for Western Africa Coordination Office.
- Memorandum of Cooperation between Ramsar and the Niger Basin Authority, The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands, 2002.
- Phase of decision-making of the Niger Basin Authority (August 2006), Label France N°61- Africa on the move, French Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs.
- Int'l Boundary, Water Commission at 120. Newsletter of the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), Santiago, Chile, No 47 June 2009.
- Guinean Minister seeks acceleration of Niger Basin Authority programme, PanAfrican Press, 06/11/2008.
- R. Lycklama a Nijeholt, S. de Bie, C. Geerling, M. Magha, J. Kambou, J. Koudenoukpo. Beyond Boundaries: Transboundary Natural Resource Management in West Africa, Biodiversity Support Program (BSP) Transboundary Project, #108 (2001)
- Gould, M. and F. Zobrist, "An Overview of Water Resources Planning in West Africa", World Development, Vol. 17, No. 11, pp. 1717-1722, 1989
- CE 397 Transboundary Water Resources, Niger Basin. McKinney, Department of Civil Engineering, the University of Texas at Austin.
- See Pana Press article above. The 26th Meeting was held in Conakry, Guinea, November 2008.