Nigericin

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Nigericin
Nigericin.svg
Names
IUPAC name
(2R)-2-[(2R,3S,6R)-6-[[(2S,4R,5R,7R,9R,10R)- 2-[(2R,5S)-5-[(2R,3S,5R)-5-[(2S,3S,5R,6R)-6-hydroxy- 6-(hydroxymethyl)-3,5-dimethyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl]-3-methyl- 2-tetrahydrofuranyl]-5-methyl-2-tetrahydrofuranyl]-9-methoxy- 2,4,10-trimethyl-1,6-dioxaspiro[4.5]decan-7-yl]methyl]-3-methyl- 2-tetrahydropyranyl]propanoic acid
Other names
Polyetherin A, Azalomycin M, Helixin C, Helix C
Identifiers
28380-24-7 N
ChEBI CHEBI:7569 YesY
ChEMBL ChEMBL405862 YesY
ChemSpider 10196461 YesY
Jmol-3D images Image
PubChem 34230
Properties
C40H68O11
Molar mass 724.96132 g/mol
Except where noted otherwise, data is given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
 N verify (what isYesY/N?)
Infobox references

Nigericin is an antibiotic derived from Streptomyces hygroscopicus. Its isolation was described in the 1950s,[1] and in 1968 the structure could be elucidated by X-ray crystallography.[2] The structure and properties of nigericin are similar to the antibiotic monensin. Commercially it is obtained as a byproduct, or contaminant, at the fermentation of Geldanamycin. It is also called Polyetherin A, Azalomycin M, Helixin C, Antibiotic K178, Antibiotic X-464.

Nigericin acts as an H+, K+, Pb2+ ionophore. Most commonly it is an antiporter of H+ and K+.

In the past nigericin was used as an antibiotic active against gram positive bacteria. It inhibits the Golgi functions in Eukaryotic cells. Nigericin exhibits anti-HIV activity.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Graven SN, Estrada-O S, Lardy HA (1966). "Alkali metal cation release and respiratory inhibition induced by nigericin in rat liver mitochondria". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 56 (2): 654–8. doi:10.1073/pnas.56.2.654. PMC 224422. PMID 5229984. 
  2. ^ Steinrauf LK, Pinkerton M, Chamberlin JW (1968). "The structure of nigericin". Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 33 (1): 29–31. doi:10.1016/0006-291X(68)90249-0. PMID 5696503. 

External references[edit]

Commercial supplier of nigericin sodium