Night Train (composition)

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"Night Train (song)" redirects here. For the Visage song, see Night Train (Visage song). For the Guns N' Roses song, see Nightrain. For other songs with the same title, see Night Train (disambiguation).
"Night Train"
Label of the original Jimmy Forrest single. Note the misspelling of Forrest's name.
Single by Jimmy Forrest
B-side "Bolo Blues"
Released March 1, 1952 (1952-03-01)[1]
Recorded November 27, 1951
Genre Rhythm and blues
Length 2:50
Label United
110
Writer(s)
"Night Train"
1964 UK re-release on Sue
Single by James Brown
from the album James Brown Presents His Band
B-side "Why Does Everything Happen to Me"
Released March 1962 (1962-03)
Format 7"
Recorded February 9, 1961, King Studios, Cincinnati, OH
Genre Rhythm and blues
Length 3:35
Label King
5614
Writer(s)
Producer(s) Unknown
James Brown singles chronology
"Lost Someone"
(1961)
"Night Train"
(1962)
"Shout and Shimmy"
(1962)

"Night Train" is a twelve-bar blues instrumental standard first recorded by Jimmy Forrest in 1951.

Origins and development[edit]

"Night Train" has a long and complicated history. The piece's opening riff was first recorded in 1940 by a small group led by Duke Ellington sideman Johnny Hodges under the title "That's the Blues, Old Man". Ellington used the same riff as the opening and closing theme of a longer-form composition, "Happy-Go-Lucky Local", that was itself one of four parts of his Deep South Suite. Forrest was part of Ellington's band when it performed this composition, which has a long tenor saxophone break in the middle. After leaving Ellington, Forrest recorded "Night Train" on United Records and had a major rhythm & blues hit. While "Night Train" employs the same riff as the earlier recordings, it is used in a much earthier R&B setting. Forrest inserted his own solo over a stop-time rhythm not used in the Ellington composition. He put his own stamp on the tune, but its relation to the earlier composition is obvious.

Like Illinois Jacquet's solo on "Flying Home", Forrest's original saxophone solo on "Night Train" became a veritable part of the composition, and is usually recreated in cover versions by other performers. Buddy Morrow's trombone transcription of Forrest's solo from his big-band recording of the tune is similarly incorporated into many performances.

Broadcast Music, Inc. (BMI) credits the composition to Jimmy Forrest and Oscar Washington.[2]

Lyrics[edit]

Several different sets of lyrics have been set to the tune of "Night Train". The earliest, written in 1952, are credited to Lewis P. Simpkins, the co-owner of United Records, and guitarist Oscar Washington.[3] They are a typical blues lament by man who regrets treating his woman badly now that she's left him. Douglas Wolk, who describes the original lyrics as "fairly awful", suggests that Simpkins co-wrote (or had Washington write) them as a deliberate throwaway in order to get part of the tune's songwriting credit; this entitled him to substantial share of "Night Train"'s royalties, even though it was most often performed as an instrumental without the lyrics.[4]

Eddie Jefferson recorded a version of "Night Train" with more optimistic lyrics about a woman returning to her man on the night train.

James Brown version[edit]

James Brown recorded "Night Train" with his band in 1961. His performance replaced the original lyrics of the song with a shouted list of cities on his East Coast touring itinerary (and hosts to black radio stations he hoped would play his music) along with many repetitions of the song's name. (Brown would repeat this lyrical formula on "Mashed Potatoes U.S.A." and several other recordings.) He also played drums on the recording. Originally appearing as a track on the album James Brown Presents His Band and Five Other Great Artists, it received a single release in 1962 and became a hit, charting #5 R&B and #35 Pop.[5]

A live version of the tune was the closing number on Brown's 1963 album Live at the Apollo. Brown also performs "Night Train" on with his singing group The Famous Flames (Bobby Byrd, Bobby Bennett, and Lloyd Stallworth) on the 1964 motion picture/concert film The T.A.M.I. Show.

Brown's backing band The J.B.'s would later incorporate the main saxophone line of "Night Train" in their instrumental single "All Aboard The Soul Funky Train", released on the 1975 album Hustle with Speed.

Notable recordings[edit]

"Night Train" has been recorded by numerous performers over the years:

Appearances in film[edit]

Other appearances[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Billboard Mar 1, 1952 Rhythm & Blues Record Releases page 31
  2. ^ BMI Repertoire Search, "Night Train". Accessed 16 April 2012
  3. ^ Marv Goldberg's R&B Notebooks - REGALS
  4. ^ Wolk, Douglas. (2004). Live at the Apollo, 97. New York: Continuum Books.
  5. ^ Wolk, Douglas. (2004). Live at the Apollo, 99. New York: Continuum.

External links[edit]

Preceded by
"3 O' Clock Blues" by B.B. King
Billboard Best Selling Retail Rhythm & Blues Records number-one single
March 15, 1952
Succeeded by
"Booted" by Roscoe Gordon