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Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Bruce Malmuth|
|Produced by||Herb Nanas
|Written by||David Shaber
Billy Dee Williams
|Music by||Keith Emerson|
|Cinematography||James A. Contner|
|Edited by||Stanford C. Allen
|Distributed by||Universal Pictures (U.S.)|
|Running time||99 minutes|
Nighthawks is a 1981 thriller film directed by Bruce Malmuth and starring Sylvester Stallone, Rutger Hauer, Billy Dee Williams, Lindsay Wagner, Persis Khambatta and Nigel Davenport. The original music score was composed by Keith Emerson. Nighthawks is known for its many production problems, constant re-editing of the movie by Universal studio and Stallone for different reasons, and the poor working relationship between Stallone and Hauer.
||This article's plot summary may be too long or excessively detailed. (June 2014)|
In the South Bronx during the late-night to early-morning hours on New Year's Eve 1980, three armed assailants attempt a mugging on a supposedly unsuspecting woman, who turns out to be NYPD police detectives, Det. Sgts. Deke DaSilva (Sylvester Stallone) in drag for a carefully planned sting operation. His partner Matthew Fox (Billy Dee Williams) immobilizes two of the suspects as Deke chases the third upstairs to the 174th Street (IRT White Plains Road Line) Subway Station platform and dares the man to cut him. Deke then incapacitates him with a scarf and places him under arrest.
On the same day in London, terrorist Heymar Reinhardt, alias Wulfgar (Rutger Hauer) bombs a department store. Meanwhile, back in New York City, DaSilva and Fox serve a high-risk warrant in the Bronx. They raid a known drug distribution spot, where they discover corrupt police officers amongst the dealers.
Still in London, Wulfgar converses with his contact, Kenneth, at a party. Kenneth tells him that Mercer, the financier of Wulfgar's operations, is withholding payment because several children were killed in Wulfgar's latest bombing. Wulfgar discovers Kenneth had been held at Heathrow Airport in police custody, and has inadvertently led police to Wulfgar's location. He proceeds to murder Kenneth and an arriving policemen.
The next day, Wulfgar flees to Paris, where he meets an associate, Shakka Holland (Persis Khambatta), at La Sainte-Chapelle. Shakka remarks that La Sainte-Chapelle is a bad meeting place because it is next to the Palais de Justice, a courthouse. She calls Kenneth's death a rash decision, for the police found a passport that he'd brought to Wulfgar on his person. Wulfgar also realizes he is now facing alienation from his allies, having killed one of their own. With his identity revealed to all European authorities, Wulfgar and Shakka visit a plastic surgeon, who changes Wulfgar's appearance. The surgeon becomes a liability and is murdered by Wulfgar, who leaves for New York.
In Central Park, after having their latest undercover detail compromised by two uniformed officers, DaSilva and Fox are informed that they have been transferred from the Street Crime Unit and into a special Federal-State Unit. After a touchy moment with their superior, Lieutenant Munafo (Joe Spinell), they discover that their transfer orders came from the commissioner, who had received the orders from Washington D.C.. The fact that the two detectives served in Vietnam makes them the highest recommended candidates for the special unit.
The Anti-Terrorist Action Command (A.T.A.C.) squad is assembled by INTERPOL British Counter-terrorist specialist Peter Hartman (Nigel Davenport). Hartman believes Wulfgar will come to the U.S. next, primarily for the press coverage. Hartman schools DaSilva, Fox and a specially selected team of New York police on Wulfgar, Shakka, and terrorism in general with his proactive approach to finding and taking out terrorists. The "shoot-to-kill" policy that Hartman encourages doesn't go down well with DeSilva, who says it sounds like an order to be an assassin intsead of a policeman. Hartman makes a personal comment regarding DaSilva's ex-wife Irene (Lindsay Wagner), which causes him to storm out; however, Fox talks him into reconsidering.
According to Hartman, Wulfgar wastes no time in becoming familiar with new surroundings. He believes Wulfgar, an aficionado for the nightclub scene, will try to find safe housing this way. Sure enough, Wulfgar meets Pam, a flight attendant, in a nightclub and moves in with her. Surprisingly, when she asks what he does for a living, he tells her the complete and total truth: "I'm an international terrorist wanted on three continents." She thinks he is merely joking.
Wulfgar announces his presence in New York by bombing several buildings on Wall Street. Alone in her apartment while Wulfgar (known to her as "Eric") is away, Pam discovers his arsenal. Wulfgar kills Pam, whose death is the first break Hartman, DaSilva and Fox get. Wulfgar has left behind a map of the Wall Street area. According to investigators, the location that had been bombed was marked.
DaSilva and Fox investigate Pam's favorite nightspots and hope to find Wulfgar at one of them. They do, but, unsure of what he looks like since the plastic surgery, they hesitate and after a long chase and nearly fatal hostage situation on the New York City Subway's IND 6th Avenue Line, Wulfgar gets away, slashing Fox's face in the process. An angry DaSilva vows to kill Wulfgar.
Wulfgar takes refuge in the basement of a little grocery store, where it is revealed that Shakka is now in the United States. She informs him that the NYPD and the United Nations delegation members now have a description of him. She adds that revolutionary communities back in Europe are paying attention to the Wall Street bombings, but have not yet decided to rehire him. In the meantime, the two do research on the UN personnel and the A.T.A.C team, planning their next move.
Members of A.T.A.C. are protecting a United Nations function at the Metropolitan Museum of Art that has the earmarks of a potential terrorist target. Shakka, infiltrating the party in disguise, corners Hartman on an escalator and murders him. Wulfgar and Shakka then hijack a Roosevelt Island Tram car carrying U.N. representatives. He executes the wife of the French ambassador while DaSilva is watching from a hovering police helicopter as payback for the nightclub and subway chase. Wulfgar decides to release an infant and demands that DaSilva personally board the tramway to receive it. DaSilva is winched up to the aerial tram and confronts Wulfgar face-to-face. DaSilva demands to know why Wulfgar killed the woman. “I wanted to,” he replies. However, he decides to spare his nemesis for the moment. DaSilva and the baby are lowered to a waiting barge.
The police agree to Wulfgar's demands for a MTA New York City Transit bus to escort him and the hostages to the airport, where a jet will be waiting for takeoff. Wulfgar and Shakka hide among the crowd of hostages from the tram. DaSilva waits until they try to board before making his move. He plays back a recording of Hartman's lecture in which the terrorist expert denounces Shakka. In a rage, Shakka breaks from the hostages and is gunned down by Fox. Wulfgar escapes by driving the bus off a ramp into the East River.
A search of the wreckage shows no sign of Wulfgar. The team unearths the store where Wulfgar has been staying and DaSilva finds that Wulfgar has gathered information on all participating members of A.T.A.C., including Fox, Hartman, and DaSilva: Irene's address is found on one of the printouts. Wulfgar watches Irene walk up to her house and go in. He breaks in, finds her washing dishes and sneaks up behind her brandishing a knife. But DaSilva has made it to Irene's first; he turns around, wearing his ex-wife's housecoat and a blonde wig, brandishing a gun. With nowhere to go, Wulfgar lunges at DaSilva who fires his revolver twice into the terrorist, sending his dead body crashing back into the street.
- Sylvester Stallone ... Detective Sergeant Deke DaSilva
- Billy Dee Williams ... Detective Sergeant Matthew Fox
- Lindsay Wagner ... Irene DaSilva
- Persis Khambatta ... Shakka Holland/Shakka Kapoor
- Nigel Davenport ... Peter Hartman
- Rutger Hauer ... Heymar "Wulfgar" Reinhardt/Eric
- Hilary Thompson ... Pam
- Joe Spinell ... Lieutenant Munafo
- Walter Mathews ... Commissioner
- E. Brian Dean ... Sergeant
- Caesar Cordova ... Puerto Rican Proprietor
- Charles Duval ... Dr. Ghiselin
- Tony Munafo ... Big Mike
- Howard Stein ... Disco Manager
- Tawn Christian ... Disco Hostess
- Jamie Gillis ... Designer
- Catherine Mary Stewart ... London shop assistant
- Carrie Klein ... Mother/Hostage
The story was originally planned as The French Connection III by screenwriter David Shaber at Twentieth Century Fox, and would have seen Gene Hackman's Popeye Doyle team up with a wisecracking cop, to be possibly played by Richard Pryor. The main plot was the same but when Hackman showed reluctance to do a third movie as Doyle the idea was scrapped and Universal acquired the rights to the storyline, which Shaber then reworked into Nighthawks.
Originally the script was based on a real character - the international terrorist Carlos the Jackal, which is why there are some similarities between the things that main villain from the movie terrorist Wulfgar does and real life events connected to Carlos.
Movie had two working titles; Attack and Hawks. Pre-production began in 1979. Principal photography took place from January 1980 when the final draft of the script was completed and production ended in April 1980. Because of the numerous problems with first Stallone's and later studio's interference in post production, movie was heavily re-edited many times, losing lot of the scenes and plot in process, and was eventually released a year after it was finished.
The original director was Gary Nelson, who had directed the Disney movies Freaky Friday (1976) and The Black Hole (1979), but he left the project early into production and was not credited. His replacement, Bruce Malmuth, had only one previous film to his credit, a segment of the 1975 portmanteau comedy Fore Play. Malmuth was unable to make his first day of shooting, so Stallone stepped in to shoot the scene, the chase down the subway. Stallone had to get the approval of the Directors Guild of America (DGA), which has strict rules on actors directing their own movies, for this one day of filming.
In preparation for their roles as New York street cops, actors Billy Dee Williams and Sylvester Stallone spent a number of weeks working at night with the New York Street Crime Unit. Stallone reportedly turned down several other big roles to do Nighthawks because he said the material resonated with him.
Before accepting to play Wulfgar's character, Hauer found himself faced with a choice. He had been offered to act in The Sphinx, which was - contrary to Nighthawks - a big production, made by a major studio, and they were also offering him twice the salary he got for Nighthawks, in addition to a well-known director to work with. But he chose Wulfgar's role. 
Hauer lost both his mother and his best friend during the production of the movie. He returned to his native Netherlands for both their respective funerals, but returned to the production each time within a few days. Despite all the personal drama and all the difficulties on the set, Hauer stated in his autobiography that he was happy he stayed aboard, as this movie caused him to be noticed in Hollywood, and started an impressive international career.
First scene that Hauer had to film was his death scene that happens in ending of the movie. While filming the scene, Hauer got injured two different times. In one instance a squib meant to simulate a gunshot wound exploded on the wrong side and severely burned him. In other, a cable that would yank him to simulate the force of being shot was pulled too hard, straining his back. Afterward, Hauer discovered that the cable was pulled with such force on Stallone's orders. This was the last straw for Hauer, who then threatened Stallone that he's gonna "Break his balls" if he ever does something like that again; their working relationship afterward was marked by numerous arguments.
According to an interview in Premiere, Hauer was told before filming that Stallone ran up building stairwells for exercise. However, during the subway chase, Hauer continually outran the American star, who is known for his competitive streak (see also Victory).
Hauer said that Stallone's considerable ego led to him constantly interfering with filming, even writing and adding some new scenes for his character because he was jealous that Hauer's character was given more screen time and doing things that would appear "cool" to audiences, like shooting up the cops and blowing up a building. 
Although stories about their on-set fights are still talked about amongst fans of the movie and both actors, Hauer has said in recent interviews that he actually didn't take their arguments personally and that biggest problem during filming was that it was very difficult movie to make. From Q&A with Hauer; 
"Interviewer; Your first American film was Nighthawks, where you played a German terrorist fighting Sylvester Stallone as a cop. Have you and he reconciled at all since your notorious tension on the set? Because Stallone recently said, in an interview with Ain’t It Cool News, "Nighthawks was even a better film before the studio lost faith in it and cut it to pieces. What was in the missing scenes was extraordinary acting by Rutger Hauer."
Hauer; Ahh, that’s nice. I don’t take it personally, it was just a hard movie for me to make. I don’t intend to dwell on the harshness of the business or the harshness of life, because I don’t really think the audience needs to know. As far as my experience, you make a movie, and then you walk away from it. It was my first time out, and my best friend died, and my mother in the same period, two weeks later or something, and I was just having a hard time.
Interviewer; As you say in your book, you tried in that film to give your character motives and intelligence, and the producers wanted nothing to do with it.
Hauer; The more dangerous the villain, the more it gives credit to the hero. I read a book by the real terrorist who the character was based on, and it was pretty scary. And it wasn’t a stupid book. The whole idea was, as a bad guy, you don’t look like the devil and you don’t behave like an idiot. You know, I think the devil is very smart, probably smarter than all of us."
In another, more recent interview, Hauer said that he and Stallone actually met somewhere after a long time and had a conversation. Hauer even said that if Stallone called him for some Expendables sequel he would probably refuse but not because of their past but just because he is not interested in doing something like that.
Surprisingly, even Stallone himself has mentioned in several interviews in later years that Hauer's character and his performance in the movie is one of the best things about it. In 1993 interview about movies which he has done till then he said about Nighthawks;
It was a little bit ahead of its time in that I was dealing with urban terrorism. Now, with the World Trade Center, it's happening. At the time, people couldn't relate to it, and the studio [Universal] didn't believe in it. Rutger Hauer's performance held it together — he was an excellent villain. 
Hauer also always thought that with "Nighthawks" they missed a good opportunity. According to him, the issue of international terrorism could have been handled more accurately. Instead, “We had only to play tags - the written story was much more dangerous”. 
The subway train used in the chase sequence consisted of retired IND equipment that had been preserved as a museum train. Of the cars whose numbers are visible, 800 is now at the Seashore Trolley Museum in Kennebunkport, Maine. 1802, the last prewar NYC subway car built, is owned by Railway Preservation Corporation and remains in New York, where it operates several times a year on museum fantrips along with other preserved cars. 1208 has since been scrapped. The IND Hoyt-Schermerhorn station in Brooklyn served as both the 57th and 42nd St. stations (a Hoyt-Schermerhorn sign is briefly visible when Stallone tries to pry the doors open as the train is pulling out). The train operated on the unused outer track that leads from the Court St. station, now the New York Transit Museum.
The London department store blown up at the beginning of the film was actually Arding and Hobbs, located at Clapham Junction, SW11 - which at the time of filming belonged to the Allders group. The store is now owned by Debenhams. During the 2011 England Riots the shop again had its windows smashed.
Stallone gave the producers headaches by insisting on doing his own stunts. According to actor Nigel Davenport in an interview for the BBC's Wogan show, Stallone performed the scene where he was winched up to the tram without a double. In a Q&A session on Ain't It Cool News' website Stallone said about the stunts in the movie;
The stunts in the film were pretty extraordinary because they were invented along the way. Running through the tunnels of an un-built subway station was very dangerous, but exciting and we were only given one hour to do it. So that made for an interesting evening. Hanging from the cable car was probably one of the more dangerous stunts I was asked to perform because it was untested and I was asked to hold a folding Gerber knife in my left hand so if the cable were to snap, and I survived the 230 foot fall into the East River with its ice cold 8 mile an hour current, I could cut myself free from the harness because the cable when stretched out weighed more than 300 lbs. I tell you this because it's so stupid to believe that I would survive hitting the water so to go beyond that is absurd. So I actually thought the smart move would be to commit hari-kari on the way down and let the cards fold as they may. P.S. Several years later this cable did snap while testing it on a 100lb bag of sand.
In interview with Roger Ebert in 1980, Stallone mentioned some problems with stunts he wanted to perform himself in Nighthawks. For the scene where his character jumps onto a moving subway train and kicks out the window the glass was wire-reinforced and would take a good kick. Stallone insisted on using the real glass all the same. But when he braced and kicked the glass, it fell out at a touch, throwing him off balance and almost off the train. He also mentioned few things about the famous stunt scene where he hangs on the steel cable and boards a cable car:
"I've never been so scared in my life, as when I was dangling from that helicopter. I have a fear of heights that borders on mania. I had to do something like this once in my life. So there I was, hanging 250 feet up over the East River, with the wind blowing me back and forth and the constant danger that if the steel cable hit something it could shear in two. The day before, see, a guy had jumped off the bridge we were working next to. We all saw it happen. He hit the water and exploded. His body broke into several pieces, and the current was so fast that this was the 59th St. Bridge and they pulled the remains out of the water seven minutes later at the 20th St. Pier.
I saw that, and had to go up the next day. There was a fireboat down below with two divers in it. I made the mistake of calling them 'lifeguards.' It was explained to me that they were not lifeguards. They were there to retrieve my body, if necessary. If you see the movie and look closely, you'll see that I'm holding a knife in the scene. My theory was that if I fell, the cable would make me sink unless I could cut the harness loose. After I saw that guy hit the water like it was cement, I changed my plan. The knife was to plunge into my heart a second before I hit."
In same interview, Stallone also said that he spent 15 weeks in almost total seclusion in his hotel room between scenes and that those were the most stressful moments of his life.
Studio Interference, Censorship, Original Version and Deleted Scenes
Prior to its theatrical release, Nighthawks was severely cut for violence by both Universal studio and the MPAA. Amongst the cut scenes were a longer disco shootout which had Wulfgar shooting and killing more people, and Wufgar's death scene was almost completely omitted. In the uncut scene Wulfgar was shot five times (instead of twice) in slow-motion by DaSilva, with the sixth and final shot hitting him in the head, blowing his brains out. An animatronic cast of Rutger Hauer's head was made by special makeup artist Dick Smith and used in this scene. Although no uncut version of the film exists, the soundtrack release for the movie included a track called "Face To Face" which was meant for this ending.
In the same year, some other movies also suffered heavy cuts on graphic an gory scenes because of the backlash on movie violence at that time. Most infamously, two cult horror films My Bloody Valentine (film) and Friday the 13th Part 2 were very severely cut down after numerous submissions to the MPAA which kept giving the movies an X rating.
Reportedly, the original cut of the movie was just short of 2 1/2 hours long. Numerous scenes between Stallone and Wagner, as well as Rutger Hauer and Persis Khambatta, which fleshed out both characters and plot were deleted because Universal wanted a fast-paced action movie. Stallone also had a hand in re-editing of the movie. He was jealous of Hauer, whose performance he felt dominated the film. Two versions of the movie were shown to test audiences, one with more emphasis on Stallone's character and the other on Hauer's. The version featuring more of Hauer's scenes was better received by audiences. Stallone then removed some of Hauer's scenes from what became the final version of the movie. This has also been confirmed in Frank Sanello's book "Stallone: A Rocky Life".
Many US and international lobby cards and stills show several deleted scenes. These include;
- Aftermath of London bombing scene with victims lying on ground (this was one of the scenes which were cut because of the violence and gore)
- DaSilva and Fox on another drug bust
- Wulfgar and Shakka showing the plastic surgeon photos of Wulfgar's desired look
- a couple of deleted scenes between Deke and Irene including a scene during a party at her house
- Wulfgar picking up a MAC-10 submachine gun from his suitcase
- Deke and Irene talking in her bedroom (possibly part of a love scene between them which was cut out)
- a love scene between Wulfgar and Shakka
- a longer version of the scene at the Metropolitan Museum of Art
- Deke talking with the French ambassador whose wife was killed by Wulfgar on the tram car
- extended finale with Deke and Irene holding each other on the stairs inside her house after he killed Wulfgar.
Theatrical trailer shows three extended scenes; Wulfgar looking at city map in subway while being observed by street cop, Wulfgar slowly moving towards the building which he is about to blow up, and Deke and Matt walking across the street while searching for Wulfgar in disco bars.
Some of the Keith Emerson's score for the movie was also cut down due to the many re-editing problems that movie had. Most of the tracks from soundtrack are longer than their movie versions, and there are some which were intended for some longer scenes, ones of many which were deleted. Best example of it is "Face To Face" track which is the music that Emerson composed for infamous original ending where Wulfgar is torn to pieces in slow-mo with his flesh and blood flying around the room while Deke shoots at him.
Emerson did said some interesting things in soundtrack notes about composing the music for deleted scenes between Deke and Irene (in notes he refers to character DaSilva as De Soto);
"That bit when De Soto tries to get back with his ex-wife (Lindsay Wagner) we need some love interest there" said Harry. I made notes (Humm, love interest). Sly, whom i felt comfortable adressing as such, felt uncomfortable watching the rushes. His comments upon viewing the love scenes between Lindsay and himself led him to say, "That's the last time i go in Billy Dee's trailer". Most of it was cut along with the love interest music."
Emerson also said some things about his music being edited for final theatrical version of the movie;
"Universal got some old dyke as music editor that had worked on Jaws. She was a minimalist in maximalist clothing and immediately set about stripping everything down apart from my underwear in order for my entire score to reach the big screen as half the man i might have been. Sly, upset about Raging Bull was already working on another Rocky sequel, and couldn't be bothered."
Song "I'm a Man" by Chicago was one of Stallone's favourites and he used that song as temp track in famous disco scene where Deke recognizes Wulfgar. Keith Emerson recorded his version of the song which was used in final cut of the movie. Unfortunately, most of the DVD versions have different music in disco scene instead of Emerson's "I'm a Man" song.
In the Ain't It Cool News Q&A session, Stallone said that Nighthawks "was a very difficult film to make namely because no one believed that urban terrorism would ever happen in New York thus felt the story was far fetched. Nighthawks was an even better film before the studio lost faith in it and cut it to pieces. What was in the missing scenes was extraordinary acting by Rutger Hauer, Lindsay Wagner, and the finale was a blood fest that rivaled the finale of Taxi Driver. But it was a blood fest with a purpose".
While he was disappointed with the way Universal studio re-edited the movie (despite the fact that he did his share of re-editing on the movie prior to studio's interference), Stallone was really upset because of the removal of his dramatic scenes with Lindsay Wagner, including an emotional scene between him and Wagner in restaurant (only mentioned in final version of the movie) where his character breaks down and cries after his wife refuses to re-marry with him.
Lindsay Wagner said in interview that because of the many problems during production it was Stallone who took over and directed the movie, including the scenes between two of them which he demanded to be added into the movie in order for his character to have more screentime. This was something that Stallone was known for, for example he also ghost directed Rambo: First Blood Part II and Cobra (1986 film). In interview, Wagner said this about Nighthawks and working with Stallone;
"He was really incredible. That film – I mean, history has shown that he’s so talented in so many different ways. He had made "Rocky" obviously before that. But, it was just incredible. They had some difficulties. Whatever they were, I wasn’t privy to the inside information about it. We started with one director, and all of the sudden there was some problems, and Sylvester ended up having to take over the film and he ended up directing it. So just spontaneously, he just jumped into that role, and after that directed it. And, it was incredible watching him and his multi-talented self whip that film into shape. It was quite educational in some ways. But, just kind of awe inspiring watching him work on so many levels at one time. That’s not easy. Not many actors can do that." 
Although the movie has a strong cult following, and several petitions for the release of an original cut were made and sent to Universal and companies like Shout! Factory and Criterion, an uncut version has yet to be released. There is a high probability that all missing and cut footage was destroyed in the Universal Studios fire.
Despite receiving good reviews, including one from Variety, Nighthawks did not become a big commercial success, even though it did recover its $5 million budget in both US and foreign markets. It grossed USD $14.9 million in North America and $5 million in the rest of the world for a worldwide total of $19.9 million. In her review for the New York Times, Janet Maslin praised Hauer's performance: "Mr. Hauer's terrorist, in particular, is a sharply drawn character who acts as a driving force within the movie's scheme. Sadism and bloodlessness are his only identifiable characteristics, and yet he behaves memorably wherever he goes". Time magazine's Richard Schickel wrote, "Nighthawks is so moronically written and directed, so entirely without wit or novelty, that there is plenty of time to wonder about its many missing explanations". In his review for the Globe and Mail, Jay Scott felt that the film, "has a dirty job to do and does it. That is not an endorsement. Thumbscrews and cattle prods are real good at what they do, too". Newsweek magazine's Jack Kroll wrote, "This is one of those films that isn't a film but some repulsively complicated business deal". In his review for the Washington Post, Gary Arnold described the film as "an aggressively shallow police thriller pitting New York undercover cops against international terrorists, suggests what The Day of the Jackal might have looked like if filmed by the producers of Baretta. In order to facilitate a grandstanding, harebrained heroic role assigned to Sylvester Stallone, the filmmakers brush off every opportunity for intelligent dramatization and authentic suspense that the plot would seem to possess".
It currently has a rating of "73 Fresh" on the critics site Rotten Tomatoes.
The widescreen DVD edition from Universal Pictures replaces two songs played during the disco shoot-out. The first song is "Brown Sugar" by the Rolling Stones and the second one is "I'm A Man" by Keith Emerson. Earlier VHS releases from Universal Home Video and some TV versions also featured the altered songs. The fullscreen DVD release by GoodTimes Entertainment contains the restored songs.
Some DVD and Bluray versions of the movie have two different versions of ending credits. While in some versions movie ends with freeze frame of DaSilva sitting on steps and looking at Wulfgar's dead body after he killed him, in some other versions scene continues with DaSilva moving his hands and head (probably in guilt because of the brutal way he killed Wulfgar) while end credits roll. It is not known why there are two different versions of end credits.
- "Nighthawks". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2011-07-23.
- "Bruce Malmuth, 71; Directed Thrillers and Documentaries, Acted in 'The Karate Kid'". The Los Angeles Times. July 3, 2005. Retrieved 2010-11-25.
- "Top 10 Sylvester Stallone Movies". Retrieved 17 September 2014. "...Nighthawks went through a troubled production cycle filled with rewrites and reshoots."
- "Nighthawks (1981) Trivia". IMDb. Retrieved 17 September 2014. "Stallone also had a hand in re-editing of the movie. He was jealous on Hauer whose performance dominated the film so during filming he wrote and added more scenes for his character and later he also cut some Hauer's scenes from the movie."
- The rumor mill has claimed for many years that this movie was the main reason why Hauer never became a bigger star in the United States. Supposedly, Stallone's legendary ego came into conflict with Hauer's considerable acting prowess. Tired of feeling upstaged, Stallone became increasingly bellicose and demanded scenes with the Dutch actor be removed, re-cut or even re-shot. Stallone had something like carte blanche in the movie world at that time, and got some of his demands, to Hauer's disgust. Hauer, who turned down a higher-paying role in a bigger film to do Nighthawks, felt that the finished product did not live up to the screenplay. http://everything2.com/title/Nighthawks
- Kilday, Gregg (June 4, 1993). "Regrets, He's Had a Slew". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 2008-06-19.
- "Round One With Sylvester Stallone Q&A!!". Ain't It Cool News. December 1, 2006. Retrieved 2008-06-19.
- http://www.truewestmagazine.com/jcontent/entertainment/entertainment/western-movies/2787-the-western-godfather Kurt Russell; "I got him from Sly Stallone—called up Sly, said I need a guy. Sly did the same thing with Rambo 2 with George. And I said to George, “While you’re alive George, I won’t say a goddamn thing.”
- "Nighthawks". Variety. January 1, 1981. Retrieved 2008-06-19.
- Maslin, Janet (April 10, 1981). "Nighthawks". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-06-19.
- Schickel, Richard (May 11, 1981). "Chicken Feed". Time. Retrieved 2009-12-17.
- Scott, Jay (April 11, 1981). "The old it-takes-guts-to-kill story". Globe and Mail.
- Kroll, Jack (April 20, 1981). "Goose Chase". Newsweek. p. 93.
- Arnold, Gary (April 13, 1981). "Nighthawks Nosedives". Washington Post. pp. C3.
- "Nighthawks (1981)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 17 September 2014.
- Nighthawks at the Internet Movie Database
- Nighthawks at AllMovie
- Nighthawks at Rotten Tomatoes
- Nighthawks at Box Office Mojo
- Alternative DVD commentary for Nighthawks