Niimi, Okayama

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"Niimi" redirects here. For the surname, see Niimi (surname).
Niimi
新見市
City
Location of Niimi in Okayama Prefecture
Location of Niimi in Okayama Prefecture
Niimi is located in Japan
Niimi
Niimi
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 34°58′26″N 133°28′23″E / 34.97389°N 133.47306°E / 34.97389; 133.47306Coordinates: 34°58′26″N 133°28′23″E / 34.97389°N 133.47306°E / 34.97389; 133.47306
Country Japan
Region Chūgoku (San'yō)
Prefecture Okayama Prefecture
Government
 • Mayor Masao Ishigaki (since 1994)
Area
 • Total 793.27 km2 (306.28 sq mi)
Population (March 31, 2011)
 • Total 34,035
 • Density 42.90/km2 (111.1/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
Symbols
- Tree Chamaecyparis
- Flower Azalea
- Bird Cettia diphone
Address Niimi 310-3, Niimi City, Okayama Prefecture (岡山県新見市新見310-3)
718-0011
Phone number 81(0)867-72-6111

Niimi (新見市 Niimi-shi?) is a city located in northwestern Okayama Prefecture, Japan.

As of March 31, 2011, the city has an estimated population of 34,035 (16,200 males, 17,835 females), with 13,077 households and a population density of 42.90 persons per km². The total area is 793.27 km². Niimi is located on the upper reaches of the Takahashi River (110.7 kilometres (68.8 mi).[1][2][3]

History[edit]

Niimi was known as early as the Heian period (794 – 1185). A shōen manorial estate called Niimi-shō' occupied much of the area of present-day Niimi. Niimi, due to its location on the Takashi River, became an important center of inland trade.[3] In the Sengoku period (1467 – 1573) the Seki clan controlled the area, and established the Niimi Domain.[3] The modern city of Niimi was founded on June 1, 1954.

On March 31, 2005, Niimi absorbed the towns of Ōsa, Shingō, Tessei and Tetta (all from Atetsu District) to become a larger and expanded Niimi.[2]

Attractions[edit]

Niimi is known for its limestone caves.[2] They include:

Economy[edit]

Niimi was historically known for its iron sand quarries and the production of wagyu beef.[3] The principle industries in modern Niimi are limestone quarrying, cement production,[4] forestry, and tourism. Yamasa Company, Ltd., a producer of pachinko slot machines, is headquartered in the city.[5] Farms in Niimi produce tobacco, peaches, and beef.[4]

Education[edit]

The city is served by Niimi Kōritsu Tanki Daigaku, known in English as Niimi College.

Transportation[edit]

Rail[edit]

Niimi is an important railway center.[4] The city is served by three JR West lines, and all meet at Niimi Station.

Bus[edit]

Highway[edit]

Sister/Friendship cities[edit]

Niimi maintains the following Sister/Friendship Cities.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "高梁川" [Takahashi River]. Kokushi Daijiten (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC 683276033. Retrieved 2012-08-21. 
  2. ^ a b c "新見" [Niimi]. Dijitaru Daijisen (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC 56431036. Retrieved 2012-08-21. 
  3. ^ a b c d "新見" [Niimi]. Kokushi Daijiten (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC 683276033. Retrieved 2012-08-21. 
  4. ^ a b c "Niimi". Encyclopedia of Japan. Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. Retrieved 2012-03-06. 
  5. ^ 山佐株式会社(Japanese)

External links[edit]