Nijinsky (horse)

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Nijinsky II
NijinskyII.jpg
Nijinsky at the 1970 Irish Derby
Sire Northern Dancer
Grandsire Nearctic
Dam Flaming Page
Damsire Bull Page
Sex Stallion
Foaled 21 February 1967
Country Canada
Colour Bay
Breeder Windfields Farm
Owner Charles W. Engelhard, Jr.
Trainer Vincent O'Brien
Record 13: 11–2–0
Earnings $677,177
Major wins
Railway Stakes (1969)
Anglesey Stakes (1969)
Beresford Stakes (1969)
Dewhurst Stakes (1969)
Gladness Stakes (1970)
2,000 Guineas (1970)
Epsom Derby (1970)
Irish Derby (1970)
King George VI and Queen Elizabeth Stakes (1970)
St. Leger Stakes (1970)
Awards
15th UK Triple Crown Champion (1970)
Timeform Horse of the Year (1970)
British Horse of the Year (1970)
Leading sire in GB & Ireland (1986)
North American leading broodmare sire (1993 & 1994)
Honours
1970 Motion PictureA Horse Called Nijinsky
Canadian Horse Racing Hall of Fame (1976)
Sun newspaperHorse of the Millennium
Nijinsky Stakes (Canada)
Nijinsky Stakes (Ireland)
Last updated on 20 July 2011

Nijinsky (21 February 1967 – 15 April 1992), usually known in the United States as Nijinsky II, was a Canadian-bred, Irish-trained Thoroughbred racehorse and sire. He was the outstanding two-year-old in Europe in 1969 when he was unbeaten in five races. In the following season he became the first horse for thirty-five years to win the English Triple Crown.

He was also historically important for establishing the international reputation of his sire Northern Dancer. Retired to stud he became the Leading sire in Great Britain & Ireland and the Leading broodmare sire in North America.

Background[edit]

Nijinsky, a bay horse with a white star and three white feet, was bred at E. P. Taylor's Windfields Farm in Oshawa, Ontario, Canada. He was from the second crop of foals sired by Northern Dancer, the winner of the 1964 Kentucky Derby who went on to become one of the most influential sires of the 20th century. His dam, Flaming Page, by Bull Page, was a highly successful racemare, winning the 1962 Queen's Plate. At stud, she produced only two other foals, but one of these was Fleur, who produced the 1977 Epsom Derby winner The Minstrel.[1] Nijinsky was a big, powerful horse standing 16.3 hands high, resembling his dam rather than his sire in stature.[2]

He was offered for sale at the Windfields Farm's annual yearling auction where he was bought for $84,000 by the American minerals magnate and industrialist Charles W. Engelhard, Jr., acting on the advice of the Irish trainer Vincent O'Brien. It was Engelhard's wife Jane who decided that the colt should be named after the dancer Vaslav Nijinsky.[3] Nijinsky was shipped to Ireland, where he was trained by O'Brien at Ballydoyle, County Tipperary.

Racing career[edit]

1969: two-year-old season[edit]

Nijinsky's first four races were all at the Curragh. In June he started at odds of 4/11 and won a six furlong maiden race by half a length. He followed up with easy wins in the Anglesey Stakes and the Railway Stakes. On his fourth appearance he was extended for the first time in the Beresford Stakes. He won decisively from Decies, a colt who went on to win the Irish 2000 Guineas in 1970. Having proved himself the best of the Irish two-year-olds, he was sent to England in October to contest the Dewhurst Stakes at Newmarket. Ridden for the first time by Lester Piggott he was held up at the back of the six horse field before moving through to take the lead inside the final furlong. He was an easy and impressive winner, earning himself top rating in the British Free Handicap.[4][5]

1970: three-year-old season[edit]

Spring[edit]

On his first appearance as a three-year-old, Nijinsky won his prep race by beating Deep Run[6] in the Gladness Stakes at the Curragh in April and was then sent back to Newmarket for the 2000 Guineas over one mile. He started the 4/7 favourite against thirteen opponents. Nijinsky took the lead two furlongs from the finish, and without being put under any pressure by Piggott,[7] he pulled clear to win by two and a half lengths from Yellow God.

Summer[edit]

Nijinsky's opposition in the Derby at Epsom was stronger and he started at odds of 11/8. His rivals were headed by the French-trained colt Gyr.[8] The veteran French trainer Etienne Pollet had delayed his retirement for a year to guide Gyr, a son of his champion Sea-Bird, through his three-year-old season.[4] Nijinsky was held up by Piggott as usual before moving forward in the straight by which time Gyr was in front and moving clear. Two furlongs from the finish Piggott was forced to use his whip on Nijinsky. The favourite responded immediately, catching Gyr in a few strides and then pulling ahead to win by two and a half lengths. The winning time of 2:34.68 was the fastest Epsom Derby since 1936.[9] Piggott claimed that he was "always cantering" while Bill Williamson, who rode Gyr said that "Nijinsky was just too good."[10]

On 27 June Nijinsky followed up his Epsom win by taking the Irish Derby at the Curragh. Ridden by Liam Ward, he started at odds of 4/11 and produced impressive late acceleration to win by three lengths from Meadowville.[11] In July, Nijinsky raced against older horses for the first time in the King George VI and Queen Elizabeth Stakes at Ascot. His five opponents included winners of major races including Blakeney (1969 Epsom Derby), Karabas (Washington, D.C. International Stakes), Crepellana (Prix de Diane) and Caliban (Coronation Cup). Without having to be extended, Nijinsky moved through to take the lead a furlong from the finish and won by two lengths from Blakeney despite being eased down to a canter in the closing stages.[12]

In August, Nijinsky contacted ringworm,[13] which delayed his training schedule.

Autumn[edit]

Nijinsky appeared to recover fully after being placed on a "rich" diet including raw eggs and Irish Stout,[14] and was sent to Doncaster for the St. Leger in September. In the one mile and six furlongs race, he was attempting to become the first horse since Bahram 35 years earlier to complete the English Triple Crown. He started the 2/7 favourite and won comfortably,[15] although his margin of victory over Meadowville was only one length. As of 2014, he is the last horse to accomplish the feat of sweeping the English Triple Crown: since 1970 only Reference Point (1987), Nashwan (1989), Sea The Stars (2009) and Camelot (2012) have won two of the three races, but Oh So Sharp won the filly's version of the Triple Crown in 1985.

In his next race, Nijinsky was sent to France for the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe at Longchamp in Paris in October. Piggott produced Nijinsky in the straight to make his challenge on the wide outside and 150m from the finish he caught the front runners Miss Dan and Sassafras and took a slight lead. In the last strides however, Nijinsky appeared to veer left away from Piggott's whip,[16] and Sassafras, ridden by Yves Saint-Martin, produced a renewed effort to regain the advantage and win by a head. While some felt that Piggott had given Nijinsky too much ground to make up and had left his challenge too late,[17] the jockey responded by saying that in his opinion Nijinsky was past his peak for the year.[18]

Less than two weeks after his defeat in the Arc, Nijinsky ran his last race in the Champion Stakes over ten furlongs at Newmarket. Although he had been known to sweat freely before some of his previous races, Nijinsky on this occasion appeared to become particularly nervous and anxious before the start. In the race itself he ran well below his best form and was beaten 3/4 length at odds of 4/11 by the five-year-old English horse Lorenzaccio.[19] O'Brien on this occasion concurred with Piggott, saying that Nijinsky appeared to have "lost his fire."[18] Nijinsky was retired to stand at stud at Claiborne Farm near Paris, Kentucky having been syndicated in August for $5,440,000.[20]

Assessment and honours[edit]

Nijinsky was given a rating of 138 by Timeform, the second highest for a winner of the Epsom Derby up to that time.[21] He was Timeform's Horse of the Year for 1970. Nijinsky was also voted British Horse of the Year by the Racecourse Association, gaining 38 of the 40 votes.[22] In their book A Century of Champions, John Randall and Tony Morris rated Nijinsky as a "great" Derby winner and the best Irish racehorse of the 20th Century.[23] Vincent O'Brien named Nijinsky and Sir Ivor as the best horses he had trained, placing Nijinsky first "for brilliance."[24]

In 1970, a film was made about his racing career entitled A Horse Called Nijinsky. Narrated by Orson Welles, it was released in British cinemas and in 1988 released on VHS video.[25] The Nijinsky team also was voted the 1970 BBC Sports Personality of the Year Team Award.[26] In a poll in 2000, readers of the UK newspaper The Sun voted Nijinsky their "Horse of the Millennium."[27] Among the more unusual tributes, a Cabernet Sauvignon wine[28] and a variety of winter wheat[29] have been named in Nijinsky's honour. A bronze statue of him stands at Ballydoyle.[30][31]

Stud record[edit]

Having been sent to stand at stud in the United States, he was registered there as Nijinsky II.

Nijinsky II sired 155 Stakes/Group winners, and is the only sire to have a winner of the Kentucky and Epsom Derbies in the same year. His notable progeny includes:

Nijinsky was euthanised in April 1992 as a result of "the infirmities of old age"[5] after suffering from laminitis since 1985.[33] He is buried at Claiborne Farm.[34]

Pedigree[edit]

Pedigree of Nijinsky (CAN), bay stallion, 1967[1]
Sire
Northern Dancer (CAN)
1961
Nearctic (CAN)
1954
Nearco Pharos
Nogara
Lady Angela Hyperion
Sister Sarah
Natalma (USA)
1957
Native Dancer Polynesian
Geisha
Almahmoud Mahmoud
Arbitrator
Dam
Flaming Page (CAN)
1959
Bull Page (USA)
1947
Bull Lea Bull Dog
Rose Leaves
Our Page Blue Larkspur
Occult
Flaring Top (USA)
1947
Menow Pharamond II
Alcibiades
Flaming Top Omaha
Firetop (Family:8f)[35]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "English Derby Winner: Nijinsky II". Chef-de-race.com. Retrieved 5 January 2012. 
  2. ^ Great breeders and their methods ... – Frank J. Mitchell – Google Books. Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 5 January 2012. 
  3. ^ "Nijinsky (1967–1992) – Find A Grave Memorial". Findagrave.com. Retrieved 5 January 2012. 
  4. ^ a b Mortimer, Roger; Onslow, Richard; Willett, Peter (1978). Biographical Encyclopedia of British Flat Racing. Macdonald and Jane's. ISBN 0-354-08536-0. 
  5. ^ a b "Nijinsky II Destroyed at Claiborne Farm –". The New York Times. 16 April 1992. Retrieved 5 January 2012. 
  6. ^ Encyclopedia of British horseracing – Wray Vamplew, Joyce Kay – Google Books. Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 5 January 2012. 
  7. ^ "Nijinsky promoted Derby favourite". Glasgow Herald. 30 April 1970. Retrieved 5 January 2012. 
  8. ^ "It looks like Nijinsky's year". The Age. 3 June 1970. Retrieved 5 January 2012. 
  9. ^ "Nijinsky cops Derby". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. 4 June 1970. Retrieved 5 January 2012. 
  10. ^ Classic, Guardian (1 June 2007). "Nijinsky, one of the greatest | The Guardian.". The Guardian. Retrieved 5 January 2012. 
  11. ^ "Nijinsky captures Irish Sweepstakes". Schenectady Gazette. 29 June 1970. Retrieved 5 January 2012. 
  12. ^ "Nijinsky wins 10th". The Press-Courier. 26 July 1970. Retrieved 5 January 2012. 
  13. ^ "Nijinsky heads for U.S.". The Sun. 19 October 1970. Retrieved 5 January 2012. 
  14. ^ "Nijinsky goes on rich diet". Lewiston Daily Sun. 18 August 1970. Retrieved 5 January 2012. 
  15. ^ "Triple feat to Nijinsky". The Sydney Morning Herald. 14 September 1970. Retrieved 5 January 2012. 
  16. ^ "Nijinsky's unbroken string snapped in French classic". The Gazette. Montreal. 5 October 1970. Retrieved 5 January 2012. 
  17. ^ Whitney Tower (26 October 1970). "Nijinsky's defeat after 11 straight victories raised – 10.26.70 – SI Vault". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 6 January 2012. 
  18. ^ a b Dink Carroll (20 October 1970). "Playing the field". The Gazette. Montreal. Retrieved 5 January 2012. 
  19. ^ "Nijinsky beaten". The Age. 19 October 1970. Retrieved 5 January 2012. 
  20. ^ "Nijinsky will stand in Kentucky". Herald-Journal. 16 August 1970. Retrieved 5 January 2012. 
  21. ^ "Dosage". Chef-de-race.com. Retrieved 5 January 2012. 
  22. ^ Morris, Tony; Randall, John (1990). Horse Racing: Records, Facts, Champions(Third Edition). Guinness Publishing. ISBN 0-85112-902-1. 
  23. ^ Morris, Tony; Randall, John (1999). A Century of Champions. Portway Press,. ISBN 1-901570-15-0. 
  24. ^ "Horse Racing: Lester loves Nijinsky. – Free Online Library". Thefreelibrary.com. Retrieved 5 January 2012. 
  25. ^ http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0430194/
  26. ^ "Press Office – Sports Personality of the Year: team winners key facts". BBC. 10 February 2004. Retrieved 5 January 2012. 
  27. ^ "Nijinsky II Derby Winner". Bookmakers1.com. Retrieved 5 January 2012. 
  28. ^ "L'Esprit de Nijinsky". Wineonline.ie. Retrieved 5 January 2012. 
  29. ^ "Two New Outstanding Nickerson Wheat Varieties Added to the Hgca List! At Limagrain". Limagrain.co.uk. 1 December 2003. Retrieved 5 January 2012. 
  30. ^ http://www.telegraph.co.uk/sport/horseracing/9544188/Aidan-OBrien-and-Camelot-ready-for-their-race-into-the-history-books-by-completing-Triple-Crown-with-St-Leger.html
  31. ^ http://www.dailystar.co.uk/sport/horse-racing/271609/Nijinsky-statue-a-reminder-for-Camelot-trainer-Aidan-O-Brien
  32. ^ "Nijinsky II Yearling Brings $13.1 Million". New York Times. July 24, 1985. 
  33. ^ "Nijinsky II made his mark". Star Telegram. 16 April 1992. Retrieved 5 January 2012. 
  34. ^ "Grave Matters Claiborne Farm". Tbheritage.com. Retrieved 5 January 2012. 
  35. ^ Patricia Erigero Thoroughbred Heritage. "8 Bustler Mare". Tbheritage.com. Retrieved 5 January 2012. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Sampson, Lesley I. Nijinsky: Blue Riband Sire (1985) J.A. Allen & Co Ltd ISBN 0-85131-411-2