Nike Air Max
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Nike Air Max is a line of shoes first released by Nike, Inc. in 1987. Since its introduction, Nike has frequently introduced new and updated models in the same product line.
The Nike Air Max shoe uses a large air cushioning unit at the heel which is visible from the side of the midsole in most models. Different types of Air Max cushioning include "Air Max2" which does not have the "holes" in the cushioning unit and is of high pressure, "Tube Air" which is visible in several small circles on the midsole of the shoe, "Total Air" which is basically just another word for full Air Max cushioning, "Tuned Air," which is a system of individual pods supposedly "tuned" to different areas of the foot. Air in the early 1990s which was visible through the bottom of the shoe (although smaller portions of Air units are visible through the bottom of many Air Max models) and another type of Air cushioning is the low profile and very responsive "Zoom Air."
Especially sought after models (according to Nike's History of Air advertising) include:
- Air Max I - 1987
- Air Stab - 1988
- Air Max II (commonly known as Air Max Light) - 1989
- Air Max III (commonly known as Air Max 90) - 1990
- Air Max IV (commonly known as Air Max BW or Air Max Classic) - 1991
- Air Structure Triax 91 - 1991
- Air Max 180 - 1991
- Air Max ST - 1992
- Air Tailwind 92 - 1992
- Air Max 270 (commonly known as Air Max 93) - 1993
- Air Max 2 - 1994
- Air Max 2 Charles Barkley 34 (commonly known as Air Max CB 34) - 1994
- Air Max Triax 94 - 1994
- Air Max Light 2 - 1994
- Air Total Max (commonly known as Air Max 95) - 1995
- Air Max Racer - 1995
- Air Max 96 - 1996
- Air Max 96 II
- Air Max 97
- Air Max 98
- Air Max 98 II
- Air Max 99
- Air Max Posterize SL
- Air Max Deluxe
- Air Max 2000
- Air Max Plus (commonly known as Air Max TN)
- Air Max Ltd - 2002
- Air Max 2003
- Air Max 2004
- Air Max 360 - 2006
- Air Max 180 - 2006
- Air Max 360 - 2007
- Air Max 180 II - 2008
- Air Max Elite
- Air Max 180 III - 2008
- Air Max T-Zone - 2009
- Air Max Skyline
- Air Max 2009
- Air Max 90 Current - 2009 (Redesign of the Air Max 90, with the most obvious change, the toe box)
- Air Maxim - 2009 (Redesign of the Air Max 1, featuring Flywire or torch materials)
- Air Max BW Gen II - 2010 (Redesign of the Air Max BW, featuring torch material)
- Air Max 2010
- Air Max Tailwind+ 2
- Air Max Trainer 1
- Air Max Trainer 1+ (Nike Air Max Trainer 1 with Flywire, toe strap, and 360 Air Max Technology)
- Air Max Turbulence - 2010
- Air Max 2011
- Air Max 24/7
- Air Max+ 2012
- Air Max+ 2013
The 1993 model was the first to have the fully visible heel Air unit that was visible in the back as well as on the sides, and the 1995 model was the first to feature visible forefoot Air. The 1997 model was the first to include a full length Air bag.
Culture and Fashion
Air Max Light
Originally released in 1989 as the Air Max II, the Air Max Light is a running shoes intended as a successor to the Air Max. It weighed less than the original, achieved by replacing the forefoot polyurethane midsole with one made of EVA foam. Re-released in 2007, the Nike has continued to release additional colorways.
Air Max 90
Known as the Air Max III until 2000, when it was reissued taking its name from the year of its launch year. The original colourway of white/black/cool grey with infrared was chosen to exaggerate the thickness of the sole air cushion.
Air Max 95
The visual design of the Air Max 95 was based on the human anatomy, with the spine of the shoe resembling the human spine and the materials intended to represent skin.
According to a 2007 tabloid newspaper study of the UK Forensic Science Service's database of footwear, the Nike Air Max 95 was "criminals' No 1 choice" in footwear. 
Air Max 360
On 21 January 2006 Nike launched the Air Max 360, a new shoe design that utilized Max Air throughout the shoes midsole.
In September 2006 Nike introduced a special 'one time only pack' which fused the 360 model with three classics. The three shoes used were the Air Max 90, Air Max 95, and Air Max 97. For this special release, the design of the 360 sole was used in place of the normal sole of the three classics. The shoes were released in the three original colors: red for the Air Max 90, green/yellow for the Air Max 95, and grey/silver for the Air Max 97. Like other Air Max releases, deluxe editions were also produced. These deluxe editions lasted for about 500 miles (800 km) before their shock absorbing properties deteriorated. The use of '360' of air cushioning is meant to ensure the shoes longevity.