Nikkō National Park
|Nikkō National Park|
|Nearest city||Nikkō, Tochigi Prefecture|
|Area||1,400.21 square kilometres (540.62 sq mi)|
|Established||December 4, 1934|
Nikkō National Park (日光国立公園 Nikkō Kokuritsu Kōen?) is a national park in the Kantō region, on the main island of Honshū in Japan. The park spreads over four prefectures: Tochigi, Gunma, Fukushima, and Niigata, and was established in 1934.
The establishment of Nikkō National Park dates to the early 20th century. The Diet of Japan designated Nikkō an imperial park (帝国公園 teikoku kōen?) in 1911. The National Parks Law was passed in 1931, and Nikkō National Park was established in 1934. The park was expanded throughout the 20th century. Oze National Park was once part of Nikkō National Park, but became a separate national park in 2007.
The park is considered one of the most beautiful in Japan, and is a popular tourist destination. Beyond its striking scenery, the park is noted for its historical Buddhist temples and Shinto shrines, most notably the Nikkō Tōshō-gū and Rinnō-ji. They are designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site as the "Shrines and Temples of Nikkō".
- Nikkō Tōshō-gū, a Shinto shrine, Nikkō, Tochigi Prefecture
- Rinnō-ji, a Buddhist temple, Nikkō
- Lake Chūzenji, 11.62 square kilometres (4.49 sq mi), a scenic lake, Nikkō
- Kegon Falls, 97 metres (318 ft), one of Japan's three highest waterfalls
- Ryūzu Falls, 60 metres (200 ft), a scenic twin waterfalls
- Mount Nantai, 2,486 metres (8,156 ft), rises dramatically above Lake Chūzenji
- Mount Nikkō-Shirane, 2,578 metres (8,458 ft), a shield volcano
- Ozegahara, ca. 8 square kilometres (3.1 sq mi), a high-altitude marshland
Nikkō National Park is noted for numerous species of plants and trees, including mizu-bashō, the white skunk cabbage of the Ozegahara marshland, maples, firs, and magnificent stands of sugi, the Japanese cedar that line the roads around Nikkō.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nikko National Park.|
- Japan Ministry of the Environment: Nikko National Park(English)
- 国立公園協会: 日光国立公園(Japanese)
- "日光国立公園 (Nikkō Kokuritsu Kōen)". Nihon Daihyakka Zensho (Nipponika) (日本大百科全書(ニッポニカ). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. Retrieved 2012-05-06.(Japanese)
- "日光国立公園 (Nikkō Kokuritsu Kōen)". Dijitaru daijisen. Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. Retrieved 2012-05-06.(Japanese)
- Nikko National Park
- "Nikkō National Park". Encyclopedia of Japan. Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. Retrieved 2012-05-06.