|This article needs additional citations for verification. (August 2008)|
|Fields||Dairy, Dairy product|
|Known for||Developed the Gerber method of testing the fat content of milk|
Niklaus Gerber (1850–1914) was a Swiss dairy chemist and industrialist. He was born in 1850 in Thun, Switzerland. He attended the University of Bern and University of Zurich, studied chemistry in Paris and Munich and spent 2 years at the Swiss-American Milk Co. in Little Falls, New York.
In 1887, Gerber founded United Dairies of Zurich. At this time, the quality of raw milk was poor due to lack of hygiene. Further, dishonest dairymen would dilute raw milk with water and no means existed to effectively test the milk. In 1892, Dr. Gerber developed a method of analyzing fat content in milk in a relatively fast, simple and reliable manner for the time. Niklaus obtained a patent on this "Acid-Butyrometry," which came to be known as the "Gerber Method". Although the method was originally developed for use only by United Dairies, Dr. Gerber began to sell the equipment to milk processors globally and created a separate company to commercialise the Gerber Method.
In 1904, Gerber founded the "Dr. N. Gerber's Acid-Butyrometry Ltd., Leipzig", which later merged with another entity to create "Dr. N. Gerber's m.b.H Zurich and Leipzig" to produce and develop the Gerber instruments.
Gerber died in 1914.
The Gerber method remains in wide use throughout much of the world. The Babcock test is similar and is more widely used in the United States.
- "Gerber Instruments History". Gerber Instruments AG. Archived from the original on 2008-03-14. Retrieved 2008-08-28.
- Thomas Berger. "National Reference Laboratory 2004-2005". Annual report 2004. Agroscope Liebefeld-Posieux Research Station. Retrieved 2008-08-28.[dead link]
|This article about a Swiss scientist is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|
|This biographical article about a chemist is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|