Nikodim (or Nikodeme) Pavlovich Kondakov (Russian: Никоди́м Па́влович Кондако́в; November 1 (13), 1844, village of Khalan, Kursk Governorate, Russian Empire–February 17, 1925, Prague, Czechoslovakia), was an art historian, with special expertise in the history of Russian Christian icons.
After graduation he taught in the Moscow Art School.
From 1888 he taught in St. Petersburg University. From 1893 he was a member of the Russian Academy of Fine Arts, and from 1898 a member of the Russian Academy of Sciences. In 1895 with Fyodor Uspensky he founded the Russian Archaeological Institute of Constantinople.
In his first book, on Greek manuscript illumination, published in 1877, Kondakov approached stylistic evolution of eastern Romanesque art through the use of artistic ideal. He collaborated with Salomon Reinach in Antiquités de la Russie Méridionale (1891). His lectures influenced future historians, among others, Michael Rostovtzeff. Kondakov wrote numerous works on the history of Ancient Greek, Russian, Georgian and Eastern Roman art. He founded modern method in the history of the art of the Eastern Roman Empire.
- Klejn, Leo. 'Nikodim Pavlovich Kondakov, 1844–1925', in Encyclopedia of Archaeology, Part I, The Great Archaeologists. Santa-Barbara, CA; Denver, CO; Oxford, England: ABC-Clio, 1999 (hardcover, ISBN 1-57607-199-5), Vol. I, pp. 165–174.
- Iconography of Mother of God, vol. 1-2. Saint Petersburg 1914; Prague 1915 (Russian)
- History of Byzantine Miniature Painting (1876/2012) (Russian)