Nikol Poghosi Aghbalian (1875, Tiflis - 1947, Beirut) was an Armenian public figure and historian of literature, the editor of Horizon paper.
He studied at Moscow State University, then in Lausanne and Sorbonne, worked as a teacher in Agulis, Shusha and Tiflis, headed the Armenian National college in Iran. In 1914 he returned to Russian Armenia and participated in National Bureau, worked with the survivors of Armenian Genocide. In 1918 he became a member of Armenian parliament, in 1919-1920 he was the Minister of Education and Culture of the First Republic of Armenia.
Then Aghbalyan moved to Lebanon, directed Nshan Palanjian seminarium in Beirut.
- History of Armenian Literature, Beirut, 1947,
- With Sayat-Nova, 1966.
- The Armenian People from Ancient to Modern Times, by Richard G. Hovannisian, 1997, p. 329
- Lazian K., Demker hai azadakragan sharjoumen, Cairo, 1949, pp. 265–284.
- Concise Armenian Encyclopedia, Ed. by acad. K. Khudaverdyan, Yerevan, 1990, Vol. 1, p. 130.