Nikolai Galakhov

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Nikolai Nikolaevich Galakhov
Galakhov-Nikolai-Nikolaevich-10 sm.jpg
Born (1928-05-29) May 29, 1928 (age 86)
Kazan, USSR
Nationality Russian
Education Repin Institute of Arts
Known for Painting
Movement Realism
Awards Honored Artist of the Russian Federation

Nikolai Nikolaevich Galakhov (Russian: Никола́й Никола́евич Гала́хов; May 29, 1928, Kazan, USSR) is a Russian artist. He is an Honored Artist of the Russian Federation, a member of the Saint Petersburg Union of Artists (before 1992 the Leningrad branch of Union of Artists of Russian Federation).[1] Living and working in Saint Petersburg, he is regarded as one of the representatives of the Leningrad school of painting,[2] and is most famous for his landscape paintings.

Biography[edit]

Galakhov was born May 29, 1928, in Kazan city, Tatar Republic, USSR, on the Volga River. In 1942 he entered in Kazan Art School, and graduated in 1947. In the same year he moved to Leningrad and was admitted to the first course of Department of Painting of the Leningrad Institute of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture named after Ilya Repin. He studied with Leonid Ovsannikov, Joseph Serebriany, Piotr Belousov, Yuri Neprintsev.[3]

On the Volga River. 1993

In 1953 Nikolai Galakhov graduated from Ilya Repin Institute in Rudolf Frentz workshop. His graduation work was a genre painting titled "Nikolay Nekrasov on the Volga River", dedicated to Nikolai Nekrasov, a prominent Russian poet, writer, critic and publisher of the XIX Сentury[4] (this painting now resides in the Museum of the Academy of Arts in Saint Petersburg).[5]

In 1954-1956 Galakhov engaged in postgraduate study at the Repin Institute of Arts. Since 1951 Galakhov had participated in Art Exhibitions,[6] mostly in landscape and genre paintings. He worked in oils, tempera, pastel, watercolors, and pencil drawing; and since the Autumn of 1953 had painted pictures on contract. In 1955 for a series landscapes of the Volga River he was admitted to the Leningrad Union of Soviet Artists.

In the 1950s the leading place in his сreativity belonged to the landscape of the Volga River. He traveled on the Russian rivers Volga, Vetluga, Vyatka, where he painted many sketches from the life. His paintings are sustained in the strict, almost classical tradition of Russian landscape painting. This is indicated by the work shown in exhibitions, such as "Landing stage on the Volga River", "Evening. Kama mouth"[7] (both 1954), "July" (1955), "A Port on the Volga River. Evening", "Blooming meadows on the Volga"[8] (both 1956), "The Storm under the Volga River", "On the Volga River"[9] (both 1957), "Construction of the Kuibyshev Hydroelectric power station"[10] (1957), "Autumn on the Volga River"[11] (1957), and others.

In the late of 1950s Galakhov traveled to Siberia and Baikal Lake. This led him to new experiences, embodied in numerous sketches from the life and landscape paintings, such as "The Village in Siberia" (1959), "On the shore of Baykal Lake",[12] "At The crossing",[13] "Siberian Village"[14] (all 1960), "Soon alloy"[15] (1961), "Construction in Siberia"[16] (1962), and others. These travels helped him to diversify his palette and to understand the plastic characteristics of different places, gave new impetus to picturesque searches and preparing for a meeting with Karelia, which became a turning point in his work.

Soompasal village in Karelia. 1983

In the 1960s Galakhov discovered Karelia. He painted numerous sketches and paintings devoted to the nature and the present day of this region. Although Galakhov created a lot of genre paintings (among them "On the roads of Karelia",[17] "Yuma lumber station in Karelia",[18] "Forest Weekday",[19] "Forest Master",[20] and others), most of his work was still landscapes. He was particularly attracted to the wild parts of northern nature, untouched by civilization. He knows how to show us her fragile beauty and majesty. Among the famous works of this period were "The Village of Umba"[21] (1969), "Karelia. The beginning of winter"[22] (1973), "White Night in Karelia"[23] (1974), "Northern Summer"[24] (1977), "Kem. A Winter is coming"[25] (1978), "Kem. The Old Church"[26] (1982), "A Northern Spring"[27] (1984), and many others.

In his works Nikolai Galakhov has consistently advocated the principles of picture-landscape, with well-developed plot basis and elements of the genre. His methods of realization of pictorial ideas are near to the works of known Russian landscape painter Arcady Rylov.

In 1984 Nikolai Galakhov was awarded the honorary title of Honored Artist of Russian Federation. Solo Exhibitions by Nikolai Galakhov were in Leningrad[28] (1988) and Saint Petersburg[29] (2010).

Paintings by Nikolai Galakhov reside in State Russian Museum, State Tretyakov Gallery, in the lot of Art museums and private collections in Russia, China, England, in the U.S.,[30] Japan, and in other countries.[31]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Directory of members of the Leningrad branch of Union of Artists of Russian Federation. Leningrad, Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1987. P.28.
  2. ^ Sergei V. Ivanov. Unknown Socialist Realism. The Leningrad School.- Saint Petersburg: NP-Print Edition, 2007. – p.9, 19, 20, 24, 359, 372, 389-407, 445.
  3. ^ Nikolai Galakhov. This is my Motherland. - Saint Petersburg, Art-Centre, 2009. P.7, 11.
  4. ^ Anniversary Directory graduates of Saint Petersburg State Academic Institute of Painting, Sculpture, and Architecture named after Ilya Repin, Russian Academy of Arts. 1915 - 2005. - Saint Petersburg, Pervotsvet Publishing House, 2007. P.69.
  5. ^ Чегодаева М. Искусство как классовая идеология // Диалог искусств. № 4, 2010. С.39.
  6. ^ Выставка произведений ленинградских художников 1951 года. Каталог. Л., Лениздат, 1951. С.10.
  7. ^ Весенняя выставка произведений ленинградских художников 1954 года. Каталог. Л., Изогиз, 1954. С.9.
  8. ^ Осенняя выставка произведений ленинградских художников. 1956 года. Каталог. Л., Ленинградский художник, 1958. С.9.
  9. ^ 1917 — 1957. Выставка произведений ленинградских художников. Каталог. Л., Ленинградский художник, 1958. С.12.
  10. ^ Всесоюзная художественная выставка, посвященная 40-летию Великой Октябрьской социалистической революции. Каталог. М., Советский художник, 1957. С.19.
  11. ^ Осенняя выставка произведений ленинградских художников 1958 года. Каталог. Л., Художник РСФСР, 1959. С.9.
  12. ^ Выставка произведений ленинградских художников 1960 года. Каталог. Л., Художник РСФСР, 1961. С.13.
  13. ^ Выставка произведений ленинградских художников 1960 года. Каталог. Л., Художник РСФСР, 1963. С.8.
  14. ^ Республиканская художественная выставка «Советская Россия». Живопись. Скульптура. Графика. Плакат. Монументально-декоративное и театрально-декорационное искусство. Каталог. М., Министерство культуры РСФСР, 1960. С.24.
  15. ^ Художник. 1962, № 1. С.10
  16. ^ Осенняя выставка произведений ленинградских художников 1962 года. Каталог. Л., Художник РСФСР, 1962. С.10.
  17. ^ Выставка произведений ленинградских художников 1960 года. Каталог. Л., Художник РСФСР, 1961. С.13.
  18. ^ Выставка произведений ленинградских художников 1961 года. Каталог. Л., Художник РСФСР, 1964. С.14.
  19. ^ Вторая республиканская художественная выставка «Советская Россия». Каталог. М., Советский художник, 1965. С.14.
  20. ^ Третья Республиканская художественная выставка «Советская Россия». Каталог. М., МК РСФСР, 1967. С.22.
  21. ^ Весенняя выставка произведений ленинградских художников 1969 года. Каталог. Л., Художник РСФСР, 1970. С.9.
  22. ^ Весенняя выставка произведений ленинградских художников. Каталог. — Л: Художник РСФСР, 1974. — с.6.
  23. ^ Пятая республиканская выставка «Советская Россия». М., Советский художник, 1975. С.10.
  24. ^ Выставка произведений ленинградских художников, посвященная 60-летию Великого Октября. Л., Художник РСФСР, 1982. С.13.
  25. ^ Осенняя выставка произведений ленинградских художников. 1978 года. Каталог. Л., Художник РСФСР, 1983. С.7.
  26. ^ Sergei V. Ivanov. Unknown Socialist Realism. The Leningrad School. - Saint Petersburg: NP-Print Edition, 2007. P.270.
  27. ^ Nikolai Galakhov. This is my Motherland. - Saint Petersburg: Art-Centre, 2009. P.96.
  28. ^ Николай Николаевич Галахов. Выставка произведений. Каталог. Л., Художник РСФСР, 1987.
  29. ^ Nikolai Galakhov. This is my Motherland. - Saint Petersburg: Art-Centre, 2009.
  30. ^ Vern G. Swanson. Soviet Impressionism. Woodbridge, England, Antique Collectors' Club, 2001. Р.21, 122.
  31. ^ Sergei V. Ivanov. Unknown Socialist Realism. The Leningrad School. - Saint Petersburg: NP-Print Edition, 2007. P.6-7.

Gallery[edit]

Exhibitions[edit]

Sources[edit]

Video[edit]

External links[edit]