Nikolai Talyzin

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Nikolai Talyzin
Никола́й Талы́зин
Nikolai Talyzin.jpg
First Deputy Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Soviet Union
In office
1 November 1985 – 7 June 1989
Premier Nikolai Ryzhkov
Preceded by Andrei Gromyko
Succeeded by Vsevolod Murakhovski
Chairman of State Planning Committee of the Soviet Union
In office
24 November 1962 – 2 October 1965
Premier Nikolai Ryzhkov
Preceded by Nikolai Baibakov
Succeeded by Yuri Maslyukov
Minister of Communications
In office
3 September 1975 – 24 October 1980
Premier Alexei Kosygin
Preceded by Nikolai Psurtsev
Succeeded by Vasily Shamshin
Personal details
Born 28 January 1929
Russian Empire
Died 23 January 1991(1991-01-23) (aged 61)
Moscow, Soviet Union
Political party Communist Party of the Soviet Union

Nikolai Vladimirovich Talyzin (Russian: Никола́й Влади́мирович Талы́зин) (born 28 January 1929 - 23 January 1991) was a Soviet statesman, economist and head of the Gosplan, or the State Planning Committee.[1]

Talyzin was Chosen by Mikhail Gorbachev in October 1985 to help start the program of economic change known as perestroika, after serving five years as the Soviet representative at Comecon, the Eastern European trade bloc. He was appointed head of the State Planning Commission, or Gosplan, when almost every sector of the Soviet economy was still firmly under state control. He became one of the three First Deputy Premiers at this time, as well as a non-voting member of the Communist Party Politburo.

The planning commission's task shifted from setting production targets to mapping out economic strategy, as Gorbachev pushed his economic reforms. Talyzin came under strong criticism, and moved to the post of head of the Bureau for Social Development in 1988, blamed for slowing reforms. In September 1989, with perestroika failing to produce the promised results, he was dismissed. along with many other conservatives in Nikolai Ryzhkov's government, whom he blamed for slowing the pace of reforms.[2]

Awards and decorations[edit]

This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the Russian Wikipedia.

References[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Nikolai Baibakov
Chairman of the State Planning Committee
1985–1988
Succeeded by
Yuri Maslyukov