Frobenius was born in Oslo, but grew up at Rykkinn. He studied film writing and research at LCP, London. He has written several books and screenplays, including the screenplay for the classic Nordic film thriller Insomnia, which was adapted into a major Hollywood production in 2002. His international breakthrough as a novelist came with the novel "Latours katalog" (1996). His books have been translated into eighteen languages, including English, French, Spanish, Italian, German, Russian and Danish. His novels have received critical acclaim both in Norway and internationally, and he has won several literary prizes for his writing. Nikolaj Frobenius is a former editor of the periodical Vinduet and worked as a commissioning editor for Norsk filmfond from 2005-2008. Frobenius has written several successful screenplays, including Dragonfly (2001). In 2011 he adapted his own novel, the semi-autobiograhical "Teori og praksis" into the film "Sønner av Norge" (Sons of Norway). He lives and writes in Oslo.