Nikolaus, Hereditary Grand Duke of Oldenburg

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Nikolaus
Hereditary Grand Duke of Oldenburg
Nikolaus Friedrich, Hereditary Grand Duke of Oldenburg.jpg
Spouse Princess Helena of Waldeck and Pyrmont
Anne-Marie von Schutzbar gennant Milchling
Issue Anton-Günther, Duke of Oldenburg
Duchess Rixa
Duke Peter
Duchess Eilika, Dowager Princess of Leiningen
Duke Eigilmar
Duke Friedrich August
Duchess Altburg, Baroness of Erffa
Duke Huno
Duke Johann
Full name
German: Nikolaus Friedrich Wilhelm
House House of Holstein-Gottorp
Father Frederick Augustus II, Grand Duke of Oldenburg
Mother Duchess Elisabeth Alexandrine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Born (1897-08-10)10 August 1897
Oldenburg, Grand Duchy of Oldenburg
Died 3 April 1970(1970-04-03) (aged 72)
Rastede, West Germany
Religion Lutheranism

Nikolaus, Hereditary Grand Duke of Oldenburg (German: Nikolaus Friedrich Wilhelm von Holstein-Gottorp, Erbgroßherzog von Oldenburg; 10 August 1897 – 3 April 1970) was the eldest son of Frederick Augustus II, Grand Duke of Oldenburg, last ruling Grand Duke of Oldenburg.

In 1931, Grand Duke Nikolaus succeeded to his father's titles and assumed the role of pretender to the Grand Duchy, until his death in 1970.

Early life[edit]

Nikolaus was born at Oldenburg, Grand Duchy of Oldenburg, the third child and first son of Frederick Augustus II, Grand Duke of Oldenburg (1852–1931), (son of Peter II, Grand Duke of Oldenburg and Princess Elisabeth of Saxe-Altenburg) and his wife, Duchess Elisabeth Alexandrine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1869–1955), (daughter of Frederick Francis II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and Princess Marie of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt).

He was a first cousin of Queen Juliana of the Netherlands and with his wife and other family members was a guest at her 1937 wedding to Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld.[1]

Marriage[edit]

Nikolaus married on 26 October 1921 in Arolsen to Princess Helena of Waldeck and Pyrmont (1899–1948), only daughter of Friedrich, Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont and his wife, Princess Bathildis of Schaumburg-Lippe.[2]

They had nine children:

His wife had died in 1948, he married secondly on 20 September 1950 in Güldenstein to Anne-Marie von Schutzbar gennant Milchling (1903–1991), daughter of Rudolf von Schutzbar gen. Milchling and Rose Marston.[2] They had no children.

Titles and styles[edit]

  • 10 August 1897 – 13 June 1900: His Highness Duke Nikolaus of Oldenburg
  • 13 June 1900 – 3 April 1970: His Royal Highness The Hereditary Grand Duke of Oldenburg
    • Title in pretence: 24 February 1931 – 3 April 1970: His Royal Highness The Grand Duke of Oldenburg

Ancestry[edit]

Notes and sources[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Crown Princess Juliana of the Netherlands & Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld -1937". Royal Forums. 
  2. ^ a b C. Arnold McNaughton, The Book of Kings: A Royal Genealogy, in 3 volumes (London, U.K.: Garnstone Press, 1973), volume 1, page 206. Hereinafter cited as The Book of Kings.
Nikolaus, Hereditary Grand Duke of Oldenburg
Cadet branch of the House of Oldenburg
Born: 10 August 1897 Died: 3 April 1970
Titles in pretence
Preceded by
Frederick Augustus II
— TITULAR —
Grand Duke of Oldenburg
1931–1970
Reason for succession failure:
Grand Duchy abolished in 1918
Succeeded by
Anton-Günther