Nikolay Petrovich Anikin (Russian: Николай Петрович Аникин; January 25, 1932, Ishim, Tyumen Oblast, Russia, USSR - November 14, 2009, Duluth, Minnesota, United States) was a Soviet cross-country skier who competed during the late 1950s and early 1960s, training at Dynamo in Moscow.
He earned three medals at the Winter Olympics with two medals in the 4x10 km relay (gold: 1956, bronze: 1960) and a bronze in the 30 km (1960). He also earned a silver medal in the 4x10 km relay at the 1958 FIS Nordic World Ski Championships.
He was awarded Order of the Badge of Honor (1957).
Anikin died from cancer at his home in Duluth, Minnesota, aged 77.