Nikolay Nikolaevich Karazin (Russian: Николай Николаевич Каразин; Ukrainian: Микола Миколайович Каразін, Mykola Karazin; 1842, Kharkiv, today Ukraine -1908, Gatchina, Russia) was a Russian military officer, painter and writer of Ukrainian descent. He is mostly known for his paintings depicting wars and exotic places.
Nikolay was born to a family of enlightenment scientists. His grand father Vasyl Karazin, sometimes dubbed 'Ukrainian Lomonosov' was a Ukrainian enlightenment intellectual, inventor, and the founder of Kharkiv University. His father Nikolay Vasilivech Karazin was an inventor trying to market a liquid smoke for the "instant smoking" of meats.
As a military officer he participated in the campaign against the January Uprising in Poland (1864), and the military campaigns in Turkestan (1864–1870). In 1871 he retired from the military service but as a military correspondent and illustrator he took part in the Russo-Turkish War, 1877–1878 with Serbian and Russian armies. For his military service he was awarded the Order of St. Vladimir and a gold sword. In 1874-1879 he worked with a scientific expedition exploring the Central Asia. In 1885-1886 Karazin travels to India together with Ivan Minaev. He also travelled to Egypt, Italy, Switzerland and many other exotic places.
After his retirement from military service, Karazin wrote many adventure and ethnographic stories and novels:
- "На далеких окрайнахъ" (1875; "In the Distant Confines," tr. Anthony W. Sariti, AuthorHouse, 2007)
- "В пороховом дыму" (In the gunpowder smoke, 1878)
- "В камышах" (In the reeds, 1879)
- "Varvara Lepko and her family" (1879);
- "Тигрица" (Tigress);
- "From Orenburg to Tashkent" (1886);
- "Khiva Expedition" (1882); etc.
- The Two-Legged Wolf, English translation, 1894, from Archive.org
The most popular was his children's book, From North to South, telling the story of a crane migrating from the Ostashkov swamps to the Upper Nile. The book combined an interesting story, geographic descriptions of the places the crane flew and illustrations by the author.
Later Karazin became known mostly as a painter and illustrator. He painted many large canvases devoted to battles and especially military actions in Turkestan. He was a prolific book illustrator and one of the most notable authors of the postcards. In 1902 he participated in the first (rejected by the government) project of the Moscow Metro and produced many paintings showing his vision of the project. In 1904 Karazin became an academician of the Imperial Academy of Arts.
He died in 1908 in Gatchina.
Russian troops taking Samarkand
Khiva expedition of 1873. Russian troops crossing the death sands to the wells of Adam-Krylgan, 1888
Russian troops crossing Amu Darya in 1873, 1889,
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nikolay Karazin.|
- Biography on rulex.ru (Russian)
- "An Enthusiastic 'Ukrainian Lomonosov'", Zerkalo Nedeli, #1(376), January 5, 2002 Available online in Russian and in Ukrainian.
- Homepage of the modern Liquid Smoke company (Russian)
- Biography of Ivan Minaev
- E.A. Vorotyntseva From the history of the Culture (Russian)
- Biography (Russian)
- History of Moscow Metro (Russian)
- N. Karazin Wolf ambush (Russian)
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