February 6, 1861|
Tiraspol, Russian Empire (now in Transnistria)
|Died||July 31, 1953
Moscow, Russia, USSR
|Institutions||University of Moscow, Moscow Institute of Fine Chemical Technologies|
|Alma mater||University of Novorossiysk|
|Known for||Hell-Volhard-Zelinsky halogenation|
|Notable awards||Lenin order 1940, 1945 and 1946
Stalin Prize 1942, 1946 and 1948
Nikolay Dimitrievich Zelinsky (Никола́й Дми́триевич Зели́нский in Russian) (February 6 n.s., 1861, Tiraspol, Russian Empire - July 31, 1953, Moscow), Russian and Soviet chemist, academician of the Academy of Sciences of USSR (1929).
Zelinsky studied at the University of Odessa and at the universities of Leipzig and Göttingen in Germany. Zelinsky was one of the founders of theory on organic catalysis. He is the inventor of the first effective filtering activated charcoal gas mask in the world (1915).
Zelinsky studied at the University of Tiraspol, University of Odessa, and abroad at the University of Leipzig and University of Göttingen with Victor Meyer he received his master and his Ph.D from the University of Novorossiysk in 1888 and 1891. He was appointed professor at the University of Moscow in 1893, where worked till his retirement with the exceptions of the years between 1911 and 1917. His main research area was the chemistry of cyclic hydrocarbons.
The Zelinskiy Institute of Organic Chemistry of Russian Academy of Sciences is named after him.
- Kozhevnikov, A.B. (2004). Stalin's great science: the times and adventures of Soviet physicists (illustrated, reprint ed.). Imperial College Press. pp. 10–11. ISBN 978-1-86094-419-2. Retrieved 2009-04-28.
- A. N. Nesmeyanov, A. V. Tophiev, B. A. Kazansky and N. I. Shuikin (1953). "To the memory of academician Nikolai Dmitrievich Zelinsky". Russian Chemical Bulletin 2 (5): 683–690. doi:10.1007/BF01178843.
- S. F. Birch; Delaby, R.; Birch, S. F. (1954). "Obituary notices: ... Nicholas Dimitrivich Zelinsky, 1861–1952". Journal of the Chemical Society 2 (5): 4059–4064. doi:10.1039/JR9540004059.