Nikolla bey Ivanaj
|Nikolla bey Ivanaj|
|Nationality||Albanian , Austrian, Italian ,Montenegrin|
|Occupation||an Albanian publisher, writer and free mason|
|Known for||being activist of Albanian national awakening|
Nikolla bey Ivanaj or Nikollë Ivanaj (1879 — 1951) was an Albanian publisher, writer and free mason from Montenegro. He was considered as one of the "distinguished personalities of the most conscious Albanian nationalism" and was included in Albanian insurgents` main stuff during 1911. Ivanaj was the first Albanian writer from Montenegro with his work The flower of eternity (Albanian: Lulet e pasosme) published in Tirana in 1943.
In period 1905—1908 he was publishing a newspaper Shpnesa e Shqypnisë in Dubrovnik, Trieste and Rome, getting a financial aid from the different sides. In that newspaper he was one of the first who published Albanian heroic epic songs. For his publishing activities Ivanaj managed to gain financial support of Albert Ghica, a member of the Ghica noble family and pretender to the Albanian throne. He was one of the leaders of the Albanian National Committee which was founded in Podgorica at the beginning of 1911 and participated in organization of the Albanian uprising. His speech to the Italian Press Association held on January 26, 1911 is in some sources considered as "an historical document of vital importance". Ivanaj was also one of the participants of the Albanian Congress of Trieste held in 1913. In January 1919 he started publishing another newspapers The New Time (Albanian: Koha e Re) in Shkodër which, on January 31, 1919, published the news about the death of Ismail Qemali.
During the Paris Peace Conference in 1919 he represented the Political Party (Albanian: Partise Politike) from USA. In 1923 together with his cousin Mirash Ivanaj he published the newspaper Bashkimi in Albania. and the weekly Republika from 1923 until 1925, both in Shkodër. During World War II, Ivanaj published an autobiographical book Historija e Shqipëniës së ré. Vuejtjet e veprimet e mija (English: History of Young Albania. My sufferences and my actions) in two parts published in 1943 and 1945 respectively, where he focused on the role of the catholic clergy. At last he left a volume of poetry before he died in 1951.
- Historija e Shqipëniës së ré - Vuejtjet e veprimet e mija (in Albanian), Tirana: Pjesa e parë, 1943, archived from the original on March 1, 2011
- Bogumil Hrabak. "Orijentacija kosovskih i debarskih Albanaca u prvim mesecima 1912. godine". Retrieved 25 February 2011. "Nikola Ivanaj, publicista i pripadnik masonskog bratstva"
- Elsie, Robert. "Baron Franz Nopcsa and his contribution to Albanian studies". Archived from the original on February 25, 2011. Retrieved February 25, 2011. "Nikolla bey Ivanaj (1879- ca. 1948), Albanian publisher and writer from Montenegro"
- Gurakuqi, Romeo (2002). "The Highland Uprising of 1911". Shkodra: Phoenix. Archived from the original on March 1, 2011. Retrieved March 1, 2011. "The inclusion of the distinguished personalities of the most conscious Albanian nationalism, Luigj Gurakuqi, Hilë Mosi, Ismail Qemali, and Nikolla Ivanaj in Albanian insurgents' and Albanian refuges' main staffs"
- Anton Gojčaj (June 17, 2006). "Albanska književnost u Crnoj Gori". Pobjeda. Retrieved 25 February 2011. "prvi autor iz ovih krajeva jeste Nikola Ivanaj (1879-1951), autor zbirke pjesama "Lulet e pasosme" (Cvijeće vječnosti), Tirana 1943."
- Clayer, Nathalie (2007), Aux origines du nationalisme albanais: la naissance d'une nation majoritairement musulmane on Europe, Karthala, p. 424, ISBN 978-2-84586-816-8, retrieved January 19, 2011, "Apres moult aventures, Nikolla Ivanaj avait publie un journal a Dubrovnik, puis a Trieste et enfin a Rome, obtenant des aides financieres de different cotes."
- Neziri, Zeqirja. "RAPSODËT E RUGOVËS DHE TEORIA E EPOSIT". Radio Kosova e lire. Retrieved March 4, 2011.
- Clayer, Nathalie (2007), Aux origines du nationalisme albanais: la naissance d'une nation majoritairement musulmane on Europe, Karthala, p. 404, ISBN 978-2-84586-816-8, retrieved January 19, 2011, "Seul Nikolla Ivanaj, qui trouva lui aussi le soutien financier du prince Ghika, vint en 1908"
- "Historia e Malesisë". Malesia.org. Retrieved March 3, 2011. "dhe mbas themelimit të Komitetit Nacional Shqiptarë në Podgoricë në shkurt 1911 në krye të së cilit vëndoset Sokol Baci Ivezaj dhe që drejtohej nga Nikollë Ivanaj...Në mbledhjen e Podgoricës (2-4 shkurt 1911) do të vëndoset që kryengritja do të fillojë me sigurimin e armës, afer Shën Gjergjit."
- "Press Release No. 1 - November 10, 1999". New York City: The Martin and Mirash Ivanaj Foundation on the Columbia University web site. November 10, 1999. Archived from the original on February 26, 2011. Retrieved February 26, 2011. "an historical document of vital importance"
- Nopcsa, Franz. "The Congress of Trieste". Robert Elsie. Archived from the original on March 1, 2011. Retrieved March 1, 2011. "Nikolla Ivanaj, who endeavoured unsuccessfully to challenge the authority of the chairman simply in order to draw attention to himself."
- Çami, Muin (1973). La Lutte anti-imperialiste de liberation nationale du peuple albanais, 1918-1920 (in French). Albania: Academie des Sciences de la Rp d'Albanie, Institut d'Histoire. "...Deux autres organes, «Besa Shqyptare» (La Foi albanaise) et «Koha e re» (Temps nouveaux) de Nikolla Ivanaj, parurent également à Shkoder, mais pour très peu de temps, le premier au cours du mois de novembre 1918, et le second en janvier 1919..."
- "Vdekja dhe varrimet e Ismail Qemalit". Shqiperia.com. Retrieved March 4, 2011.
- Ahmetaj, Lavdosh. "Nje tepelenas ne Konferencen e Paqes". Archived from the original on March 1, 2011. Retrieved March 1, 2011. "Midis tyre u dallua Nikolla Ivanaj, i cili kishte shkuar ne muajin gusht nga Shqiperia ne Paris si perfaqesues i "Partise Politike" te SHBA."
- Mirash Ivanaj; lost in dictatorship by Phd. Iljaz Gogaj, "Standart " Newspaper, September 13, 2008 (in Albanian)
- Elsie, Robert (1995). "History of Albanian Literature". p. 158.