Nikon DX format
The Nikon DX format is an alternative name used by Nikon corporation for APS-C image sensor format being approximately 24×16 mm. Its dimensions are about 2/3 (29 mm vs 43 mm diagonal, approx.) those of the 35mm film or "Full Frame" digital formats (e.g., Nikon's FX format), yielding roughly 43% of the sensor area. The format was created by Nikon for its digital SLR cameras, many of which are equipped with DX-sized sensors. DX format is very similar in size to sensors from Pentax, Sony and other camera manufacturers. All referred to as APS-C including the slightly smaller Canon cameras.
Nikon has produced 23 lenses for the DX format, from macro to tele lenses. Of course 35mm Full Frame lenses could be used as well, with additional advantages: Less vignetting, less distortion and often better border sharpness, and as disadvantage often higher weight. Nikon has produced eight digital SLRs - the D3, D3S, D3X, D700, D800, D800E, D4 and D600 - that feature the larger Nikon FX format sensor that is the size of the 135 film format.
The 1/3 smaller diagonal size of the DX format amounts to a 1/3 narrower angle of view than would be achieved with the 135 film format (35 mm film or FX format), using a lens of the same focal length. Strictly in angle-of-view terms, the effect is equivalent to increasing focal length by 50% on a 135 film camera, and so is often described as a 1.5× focal length multiplier.
This effect can be advantageous for telephoto and macro photography as it produces a tighter crop without the need to increase actual focal length. However it becomes disadvantageous for wide angle photography as a wide angle lens for 135 film effectively becomes a normal lens for the DX format (e.g. 28mm × 1.5 = 42mm 135 film equiv.). This has led to the increased development of the DX format-specific lenses for the Nikon F-mount. Since these lenses do not need to cover the 135 film area, they are smaller and lighter than their 135 format counterparts of equal angle-of-view. The production of DX-specific lenses has also enabled the production of affordable wide angle lenses for the format (e.g., 12 mm), whereas costly ultra-wide angle lenses from the 135 format were formerly required.
Real sensor size
Nikon uses DX format sensors of slightly different sizes, although all of them are classified as APS-C (crop factor more than 1.3 and less than 1.7):
|Nikon Coolpix A*||23.6||15.7||4,928||3,264||16.2|
- Coolpix A is a fixed lens, point-and-shoot camera.
Lenses for Nikon DX format
- 10.5 mm f/2.8G ED AF DX Fisheye
- 35 mm f/1.8G AF-S DX
- 40 mm f/2.8G DX Micro-Nikkor
- 10–24 mm f/3.5-4.5 ED AF-S DX
- 12–24 mm f/4G ED-IF AF-S DX
- 16–85 mm f/3.5-5.6G ED-IF AF-S DX
- 17–55 mm f/2.8G ED-IF AF-S DX
- 18–55 mm f/3.5-5.6G ED AF-S DX
- 18–55 mm f/3.5-5.6G ED AF-S II DX
- 18–70 mm f/3.5-4.5G ED-IF AF-S DX
- 18–135 mm f/3.5-5.6G ED-IF AF-S DX
- 55–200 mm f/4-5.6G ED AF-S DX
Vibration reduction (VR) lenses in DX format
- 16–85 mm f/3.5-5.6G ED AF-S VR DX
- 18–55 mm f/3.5-5.6G AF-S VR DX
- 18–55 mm f/3.5-5.6G AF-S VR DX II
- 18-105mm f/3.5-5.6G ED VR
- 18-140mm f/3.5-5.6G ED VR
- 18–200 mm f/3.5-5.6G ED-IF AF-S VR DX
- 18–200 mm f/3.5-5.6G ED-IF AF-S VR DX II
- 18–300 mm F 3.5-5.6G ED-IF AF-S VR DX
- 55–200 mm f/4-5.6G ED AF-S VR DX
- 55–300 mm f/4-5.6G ED AF-S VR DX
- 85 mm Micro-Nikkor f/3.5 AF-S VR DX
- Image sensor format
- Nikon F-mount
- List of Nikon F-mount lenses with integrated autofocus motors
- Nikon F-mount teleconverter
|Nikon DSLR timeline (comparison)|