|The Municipality of
A view of the city
|Motto: "Terra da Azul e Branca"|
Location of Nilópolis in the State of Rio de Janeiro
|State||Rio de Janeiro|
|Founded||August 21, 1947|
|• Mayor||Alessandro Calazans (PMN)|
|• Total||19.157 km2 (7.397 sq mi)|
|Elevation||14 m (46 ft)|
|• Density||8,200/km2 (21,000/sq mi)|
|Area code(s)||+55 22|
|HDI (2000)||0.788 – medium|
Nilópolis (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈnjilɔpʊˈʎiʃ]) is a municipality in Brazil, located in the Rio de Janeiro state's southwestern region, bordering São João de Meriti, Mesquita and Rio de Janeiro. It is the smallest municipality in Rio de Janeiro state, with a total area of 19.39 km². The population of 157,483 inhabitants living in an area of 9 km² and the remaining area corresponds to the Gericinó's Natural Park. Officially, the population density exceeds 8,120 inhabitants/km², but if calculated just 9 km² occupied, it becomes the most densely populated city in Brazil with more than 17.400 inhabitants/km². Currently, the São João de Meriti have the highest population density, with 12,897 inhabitants/km².
Nilópolis was part of the hereditary captaincy of São Vicente, which belonged to Martim Afonso de Sousa in 1531, which divided into allotments, donating much of Brás Cubas, founder of Santos in São Paulo, consisting three thousand fathoms by the coast loin Salt and nine thousand fathoms into the Meriti river running through piaçaba Jacutinga, guan inhabited by Indians in 1568. This allotment is included Nilópolis, St. Johns Wood, New Delhi and Duque de Caxias, until Gericinó diapers, which were then transformed into new allotments and large farms.
In 1621 , the area called Fazenda São Mateus (Treasured of Saint Matthew), came to belong to João Alvares Pereira, taking the limits to the waterfall of mills Francisco Dutra and Andrew S. Matthew , from the date of Waterfall (Pioim River) until part of the saw Maxambomba (now city of Nova Iguaçu). In 1637, João Alvares Pereira orders to build the Capela de São Mateus (Chapel of Saint Matthew), on the hill of Nilópolis, of beaten clay (adobe) by Indians featured here as slaves. He succeeded João Alvares Pereira, Diogo Pereira, certainly his relative, by the year 1700, when the lands now belong to Domingos Machado Man, whose son Father Matthew, Sister Maria house Gaga with Captain Manuel Machado Sampaio pepper in 1742. In 1747, the chapel of Saint Matthew is a high matrix St. Johns Wood, giving rise to the city, and receives the visit of Monsignor Pizzaro in 1788, attesting use as cured, so ready for all the acts of the Christian faith. Domingos Machado dying man, married Joana de Barcelos, succeeds him Father Matthew Axe Man, who continued to run it with mills and large production of sugar and brandy flowed in Port of Pavuna. Upon the death of Father Matthew Axe Man, his will stated that the farm had 1280 fathoms of land, which are tested in Pavuna river, which divided the lands of Oliveira Braga (mill Nazareth, the current neighboring district of Anchieta), running funds with the river called Small Waterfall (maxambomba), which divides the lands of Captain Manuel Correia Vasques. A band leave the land with the plantation of Pavuna Captain Inácio Rodrigues da Silva and other lands with Captain Manuel Cabral de Melo Barcelos and helper Inácio Machado. And in the year 1779, its owner is the lieutenant Ambrósio de Sousa Coutinho. The farm reached its peak with the production of 30 boxes of sugar and 14 casks of brandy, with a population of 50 slaves being the most important in the region. The mill was located on the current street Antonio Jose Bittencourt (formerly Coronel Júlio de Abreu Street) corner of Lúcio Tavares Street, and through a path, gave access to the Chapel St. Matthew, where they lived and stayed overnight successive owners of the area then farm of Matthew.
Nilópolis is famous for its Grêmio Recreativo Escola de Samba Beija-Flor de Nilópolis, one of the most successful and luxurious Samba schools and usually a top contender for winning the carnival parade in Rio.
- IBGE link to check the area of every municipality of Brazil - IBGE
- "2012 Populational Estimate". Censo Populacional 2012. Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE). July 2012. Retrieved September 9, 2012.
-  - UNDP
- (Portuguese) Prefeitura de Nilópolis (Nilópolis City Hall)
- (Portuguese) Baixada Fácil (Nilópolis history)