|Elevation||583 m (1,913 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Latur|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Nilanga|
As of 2001[update] India census, Nilanga had a population of 31,660. Males constituted 52% of the population and females 48%. Nilanga had an average literacy rate of 66%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy was 74%, and female literacy was 57%. In 2001 in Nilanga, 15% of the population was under 6 years of age. The majority of the people of this town are engaged either in agriculture or traditional retail business. Muslim, Maratha and Lingayat ,Yellam communities have dominated this town by their influence in business and politics. Being a part of Maharashtra's dry zone, Nilanga faces frequent Water Crisis. It ranks 11th Taluka in Maharashtra for Farmer Suicides.
Hindi, Marathi and Kannada are widely spoken in the region. The city is predominantly, but cosmopolitan, and known for its communal harmony.
Nilanga is famous for the rich historical background, including places like Pirpasha Darga, Dadapir Dargha, and Nilkanteshwar Mandir khandoba Mandir & Tuljabhvani Mandir Gandhi Nagar. Most of the places of untidy and poorly maintained reason being ignorance of Government Organization's and absence monetary resources. Nilanga ( Historic /Hemadpanthi) In Nilanga taluka , there are many Hindu temples in villages 1) Hanuman Mandir (Temple) at Makni (Thor) village which is 10 km from Nilanga town. Where every year in Summer there is Bhandara(mahapuja with Mahaprasad) i.e Food. 2) Someshwar god Shiva temple in village Talikhed. Where yearly on occasion of Mahashivratri festival there is a 2-day fair.
- "Assembly Constituencies-Post delimitation: Maharashtra: Latur District" (PDF). National Informatics Centre, Government of India.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
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