Nimishillen Township, Stark County, Ohio
|Nimishillen Township, Ohio|
Municipalities and townships of Stark County
|• Total||31.7 sq mi (82.1 km2)|
|• Land||31.6 sq mi (81.9 km2)|
|• Water||0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2)|
|Elevation||1,145 ft (349 m)|
|• Density||287.8/sq mi (111.1/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||1086983|
Located in the eastern part of the county, it borders the following townships:
- Marlboro Township - north
- Washington Township - east
- Paris Township - southeast
- Osnaburg Township - south
- Canton Township - southwest corner
- Plain Township - west
- Lake Township - northwest corner
Two cities lie within Nimishillen Township: All of Louisville to the south, and a small part of Canton, the county seat of Stark County, to the southwest. Additionally, the township contains three unincorporated communities: Belfort to the extreme south (straddling Nimishillen Township's border with Osnaburg Township), Fairhope within the southwest, and Harrisburg to the northeast.
It is the only Nimishillen Township statewide or nationwide. According to the Louisville Public Library, Nimishillen Township was named for the Nimishillen Creek that takes its rise mainly in the township. This stream was originally named by local Native Americans, as a combination of missilla (black alder, or American Winterberry, a common tree along the stream) plus ni (stream or water).
The first settlers arrived in the area between 1805 and 1807, founding Nimishillentown, and organizing Nimishillen Township in 1809.
Nimishillen Township has always been deeply interested in self-government. Its earliest trustees, elected in 1809, were Jacob Shively, Jesse Fetts and John Gans. Other early township officials were township clerk John Rupert; constable James Coney; treasurer Mathias Bower; appraiser of property Isaac Clay; overseer of the poor George Shidler; fence supervisor John Miller; and road supervisor Michael Miller.
The courts were composed of juries chosen by the trustees and presided over by Justices of the Peace. Schools were also established by the township, and for this purpose the trustees carried out a census of heads of households. Early township clerks were responsible for recording livestock brands, apprenticeship indentures, and the names of men whose wives required them not to use alcohol.
The township is governed by a three-member board of trustees, who are elected in November of odd-numbered years to a four-year term beginning on the following January 1. Two are elected in the year after the presidential election and one is elected in the year before it. There is also an elected township fiscal officer, who serves a four-year term beginning on April 1 of the year after the election, which is held in November of the year before the presidential election. Vacancies in the fiscal officership or on the board of trustees are filled by the remaining trustees.
The township is split into two school districts. Most of Nimishillen Township's students attend school within the Louisville City School District. Plain Local School District serves students within the far northwestern corner of the township.
Parks and recreation
Molly Stark Park, named after the wife of Major General John Stark. It is located at 7900 Columbus Road, the former grounds of the Molly Stark Hospital, between Louisville and Harrisburg. The Hospital memorialized Molly Stark using her home as a hospital for Revolutionary War soldiers.
The Louisville Public Library serves Nimishillen Township.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Stark County, Ohio — Population by Places Estimates Ohio State University, 2007. Accessed 15 May 2007.
- "Detailed map of Ohio" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. 2000. Retrieved 2007-02-16.
- The Louisville Public Library. Local History. Louisville, Ohio: From Village to City. http://www.louisvillelibrary.org/node/27 2005. Accessed 2007-05-30
- Kilbourn, John (1833). "The Ohio Gazetteer, or, a Topographical Dictionary". Scott and Wright. p. 346. Retrieved 12 December 2013.
- §503.24, §505.01, and §507.01 of the Ohio Revised Code. Accessed 4/30/2009.