Nine Elms

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Nine Elms
Nine Elms Battersea regeneration site.jpg
Nine Elms in 2012, looking west, showing New Covent Garden Market and Battersea Power Station
Nine Elms is located in Greater London
Nine Elms
Nine Elms
 Nine Elms shown within Greater London
London borough Wandsworth
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region London
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LONDON
Postcode district SW8
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament London
UK Parliament Battersea
London Assembly Merton and Wandsworth
List of places
UK
England
London

Coordinates: 51°29′N 0°08′W / 51.48°N 0.14°W / 51.48; -0.14

Nine Elms is a district of London, situated in the far north-eastern corner of the London Borough of Wandsworth between Battersea and Vauxhall.

It is primarily an industrial area, dominated by Battersea Power Station, railway lines, a major Royal Mail sorting office and the New Covent Garden Market. Also in the area is the Battersea Dogs and Cats Home.

Nine Elms has some residential developments along the riverside, the most recent of which is Chelsea Bridge Wharf, and also three large council estates—Carey Gardens, The Patmore and The Savona.

History[edit]

Nine Elms Lane was named around 1645, from a row of elm trees bordering the road. In 1838, at the time of construction of the London and Southampton Railway, the area was described as "a low swampy district occasionally overflowed by the Thames [whose] osier beds, pollards and windmille and the river give it a Dutch effect".[1]

Nine Elms railway station opened on 21 May 1838 as the first London terminus of the London and South Western Railway, which that day changed its name from the London and Southampton Railway. The neo-classical building was designed by Sir William Tite. The station was connected to points between Vauxhall and London Bridge by Thames steam boats. It closed in 1848 when the railway was extended to a new terminus at Waterloo station (then called Waterloo Bridge Station). The redundant station and the adjacent area, to the north of the new mainline, became the London and South Western Railway's carriage and wagon works and main locomotive works until their relocation to Eastleigh in 1909.[2] The company's largest locomotive depot was located on the south side of the main line. The buildings were damaged by bombs in World War II, and closed in 1967. They were demolished in 1968 and replaced by the flower section of the New Covent Garden Market.[3]

Gasworks were established in 1853, close to the existing waterworks of the Southwark and Vauxhall Waterworks Company. Later Battersea Power Station was built on the site.

Vauxhall Motors was formed in 1857 by Scottish engineer Alexander Wilson at Nine Elms, originally as Alex Wilson and Company, before moving to Luton in 1907. There is a plaque commemorating the site of the original factory at the Sainsbury's Nine Elms petrol station on Wandsworth Road.

Future[edit]

Real Estate Opportunities were granted permission to redevelop the power station in November 2010.
Houseboat in Nine Elms

Work commenced in 2013 on regeneration of the area around Battersea Power Station, including shops, cafes, restaurants, art and leisure facilities, office space and residential buildings. An essential part of the work is an extension of the London Underground to service the area. The proposed extension would branch from the Northern line at Kennington and travel west to Nine Elms and Battersea.[4] The station structure itself is expected to be repaired and secure by 2016, with completion of the whole project by 2020.[5][6][7]

In October 2008 the U.S. Embassy in London announced that it would relocate to the area, moving from its current location in Grosvenor Square, Mayfair;[8][9] the new embassy is slated for completion in 2017.[10] The Embassy of the Netherlands in London also announced in April 2013 that it was relocating to the area from its current location in Hyde Park Gate, Kensington.[11] The Chinese Embassy is also rumoured to be relocating to the area.[12]

On 16 February 2012, Wandsworth Council approved Ballymore Group's plans for the 15 acre development. Embassy Gardens is set to provide "up to 1,982 new homes alongside shops, cafes, bars, restaurants, business space, a 100 bed hotel, a health centre, children's playgrounds and sports pitches".[13] In 2014, it was reported that Ballymore had engaged Lazard and CBRE Group to raise about €2.5bn to fund the Embassy Gardens development.[14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nock, O. S. (1965). The London & South Western Railway. London: Ian Allan. ISBN 978-0711002678. 
  2. ^ Mitchell, Vic; Smith, Keith (1988). Waterloo to Windsor. Middleton Press. p. 18. ISBN 0-906520-54-1. 
  3. ^ Nine Elms Station, image and information at Science and Society accessed 07 Mar 2007
  4. ^ "TfL applies for Northern line extension legal powers". Railway Gazette International. 30 April 2013. 
  5. ^ Booth, Robert (20 June 2008). "Latest plans for Battersea power station revealed". The Guardian. Retrieved 11 March 2009. 
  6. ^ Whitten, Nick (24 March 2009). "Battersea Power Station regeneration to go to planning". Retrieved 24 March 2009. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Takes First Steps Toward Embassy Relocation". Embassy of the U.S. London. 2 October 2008. 
  8. ^ Lawless, Jill (2 October 2008). "US to build new embassy in suburban London". USA Today. 
  9. ^ "New Embassy: Introduction". Embassy of the U.S. London. Retrieved 7 July 2014. 
  10. ^ "Dutch Embassy Coming To Nine Elms", Nine Elms website, accessed 23 August 2013
  11. ^ Prynn, Jonathan (21 August 2013). "London's £3 BILLION embassy sell-off bonanza". London Evening Standard. Retrieved 23 August 2013. 
  12. ^ Wandsworth Council: Embassy Gardens plans approved | Wandsworth Council, accessdate: 09/09/2014
  13. ^ Independent.ie: Nick Webb: Mulryan is close to wiping slate clean - Independent.ie, accessdate: 01/09/2014

External links[edit]