Vauxhall Bridge from the south-west in Nine Elms
|Ceremonial county||Greater London|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|London Assembly||Merton and Wandsworth|
It is primarily an industrial area, dominated by Battersea Power Station, railway lines, a major Royal Mail sorting office and the New Covent Garden Market. Also in the area is the Battersea Dogs and Cats Home.
Nine Elms has some residential developments along the riverside, the most recent of which is Chelsea Bridge Wharf, and also three large council estates: Carey Gardens, The Patmore and The Savona.
Nine Elms Lane was named around 1645, from a row of trees bordering the road. In 1838, at the time of construction of the London and Southampton Railway, the area was described as "a low swampy district occasionally overflowed by the Thames [whose] osier beds, pollards and windmille and the river give it a Dutch effect.…"
Nine Elms railway station opened on 21 May 1838 as the first London terminus of the London and South Western Railway, which that day changed its name from the London and Southampton Railway. The neo-classical building was designed by Sir William Tite. The station was connected to points between Vauxhall and London Bridge by Thames steam boats. It closed in 1848 when the railway was extended to a new terminus at Waterloo station (then called Waterloo Bridge Station). The redundant station and the adjacent area, to the north of the new mainline, became the London and South Western Railway's carriage and wagon works and main locomotive works until their relocation to Eastleigh in 1909. The company's largest locomotive depot was located on the south side of the main line. The buildings were damaged by bombs in World War II, and closed in 1967. They were demolished in 1968 and replaced by the flower section of the New Covent Garden Market.
Vauxhall Motors was formed in 1857 by Scottish engineer Alexander Wilson at Nine Elms, originally as Alex Wilson and Company, before moving to Luton in 1907. There is a plaque commemorating the site of the original factory at the Sainsbury's Nine Elms petrol station on Wandsworth Road.
On 30 November 2006, it was announced that Real Estate Opportunities, led by Irish businessmen Richard Barrett and Johnny Ronan of Treasury Holdings, had purchased Battersea Power Station and the surrounding land for €532 million (£400 million). REO subsequently announced that the previous plan by Parkview had been dropped and that it had appointed the practice of the Uruguayan-born architect Rafael Viñoly, of New York, as the new master planner for the site.
New £4 billion plans were announced in 2008. They include reusing part of the old power station building as a new power station, fuelled by biomass and waste. The station's existing chimneys would be utilised for venting steam. The former turbine halls would be converted to shopping spaces, and the roofless boiler house used as a park.
A plastic built "eco-dome" is also to be built to the east of the power station. This building was originally planned to have a large 300 metres (980 ft) chimney, but this has now been abandoned in favour of a series of smaller towers. The eco-dome would house offices, and aim to reduce energy consumption in the buildings by 67% compared to conventional office buildings, by using the towers to draw cool air through the building. 3,200 new homes would also be built on the site to house 7,000 people.
An essential part of the regeneration is an extension of the London Underground to service the area. The proposed extension would branch from the Northern Line at Kennington and travel west to Nine Elms and Battersea.
In June 2008 a consultation process was launched, which revealed that 66% of the general public were in favour of the plans. At an event at the station on 23 March 2009, it was announced that REO were to submit the planning application for their proposal to Wandsworth Council. The Council gave planning consent on 11 November 2010. REO hoped for construction to begin in 2011, but this has now been delayed to 2012. The station structure itself is expected to be repaired and secure by 2016, with completion of the whole project by 2020. Plans now include the construction of 3,400 apartments and 3,500,000-square-foot (330,000 m2) of office space. Approximately 28,000 inhabitants and 25,000 workers are expected to occupy the space once complete.
In October 2008 it was announced that the U.S. Embassy in London would relocate to the area, moving from its current location in Grosvenor Square, Mayfair. The Embassy of the Netherlands in London also announced in April 2013 that it was relocating to the area from its current location in Hyde Park Gate, Kensington. The Chinese Embassy in London is also rumoured to be relocating to the area.
- Mitchell, Vic; Smith, Keith (1988). Waterloo to Windsor. Middleton Press. p. 18. ISBN 0-906520-54-1.
- Nine Elms Station, image and information at Science and Society accessed 07 Mar 2007
- Booth, Robert (20 June 2008). "Latest plans for Battersea power station revealed". The Guardian. Retrieved 11 March 2009.
- Whitten, Nick (24 March 2009). "Battersea Power Station regeneration to go to planning". Retrieved 24 March 2009.
- "TfL applies for Northern Line extension legal powers". Railway Gazette International. 30 April 2013.
- Hatcher, David (12 November 2010). "REO's Battersea Power Station granted consent by Wandsworth". www.propertyweek.com. Retrieved 28 January 2011.
- Hudson, Clare (30 March 2011). "What will become of Battersea Power Station?". Retrieved 30 March 2011.
- Embassy of the U.S. London: Public Affairs Section: Press Release accessed 02 Oct 2008
- Nine Elms website: Dutch Embassy Coming To Nine Elms accessed 23 August 2013
- Prynn, Jonathan (21 August 2013). "Revealed: London's £3 BILLION embassy sell-off bonanza". London Evening Standard. Retrieved 23 August 2013.