Nine Men

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For other uses, see Nine Men (disambiguation).

The council of Nine Men was citizens board and a form of representational democracy in New Netherland. It replaced the previous councils, the Twelve Men and the Eight Men.[1] Members of the council were elected in 1647, 1649, 1650 and 1652. On July 26, 1649, eleven current and former members of the board signed the Petition of the Commonality of New Netherland, which requested that the States General take action to encourage economic freedom and force local government like that in the Netherlands, removing the colony from the control of the Dutch West India Company. It became the basis for the municipal government when the city of New Amsterdam received its charter in 1653.[2]

Members[edit]

Members and the year of election:[3]

  • Allard Anthony (Antonides), 1652
  • Willem Beekman, 1652
  • Jan Evertsen Bout, 1647, 1650
  • Peter Cornelissen, 1652
  • Jan Jansen Damen, 1647
  • Isaac de Foreest, 1652
  • Thomas Hall, 1647, 1650
  • Augustine Herman, 1647, 1649, 1650
  • Jacobus Hendricksen Kip, 1647, 1649, 1650
  • Jochem Pietersen Kuyter, 1652
  • Govert Loockermans, 1647, 1649, 1650
  • David Provoost, 1652
  • Jacob Wolfertse van Couwenhoven, 1647, 1649, 1650
  • Jacobus van Curler, 1652
  • Paulus Leendertz Vandergrift, 1652
  • Arnoldus van Hardenbergh, 1647, 1649
  • Arent van Hattem, 1652
  • Elber Elbertsen van Stoothoff, 1649, 1650
  • Oloff Stevense Van Cortlandt, 1649, 1650, chairman
  • Adriaen van der Donck, 1649, chairman
  • Michiel Jansen Vreelandt, 1647, 1649, 1650

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jacobs, Jaap (2005). New Netherland: A Dutch Colony In Seventeenth-Century America. ISBN 90-04-12906-5. "Both in the way it was set up and in the extent of its rights, the council of Twelve Men, as did the two later advisory bodies ..." 
  2. ^ "About the City Council". New York City Council. Retrieved 2013-01-01. 
  3. ^ "New Amsterdam Notable Citizens". Geni.com. Retrieved 2102-12-31.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)