93rd United States Congress

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93rd United States Congress
USCapitol.jpg
United States Capitol (2002)

Duration: January 3, 1973 – January 3, 1975

Senate President: Spiro Agnew (until Oct 10, 1973)
Gerald Ford (Dec 6, 1973 to Aug 9, 1974)
Nelson Rockefeller (beginning on Dec 19, 1974)
Senate Pres. pro tem: James Eastland
House Speaker: Carl Albert
Members: 100 Senators
435 Representatives
Senate Majority: Democratic Party
House Majority: Democratic Party

Sessions
1st: January 3, 1973 – December 22, 1973
2nd: January 21, 1974 – December 20, 1974
<92nd 94th>

The Ninety-third United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from January 3, 1973 to January 3, 1975, during the end of Richard Nixon's presidency, and the beginning of Gerald Ford's. This Congress was the first (and, to date, only) Congress with more than two Senate Presidents (the Vice President of the United States), in this case, three. After the resignation of Spiro Agnew, Gerald Ford was appointed under the authority of the newly ratified 25th Amendment. Ford became President the next year and Nelson Rockefeller was appointed in his place. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Nineteenth Census of the United States in 1970. Both chambers had a Democratic majority.

Contents

Major events[edit]

Senate President
Spiro Agnew
Spiro Agnew (R)
(until October 10, 1973)
Gerald Ford
Gerald Ford (R)
(December 6, 1973 – August 9, 1974)
Nelson Rockefeller
Nelson Rockefeller (R)
(from December 19, 1974)

Major legislation[edit]

Hearings[edit]

Party summary[edit]

Makeup of the U.S. Senate at the start of this Congress, color-coded by party. Note: The orange stripes in New York and the gray stripes in Virginia denote Conservative James Buckley and Independent Harry Byrd, respectively.

Senate[edit]

Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Democratic Republican Conservative Independent Vacant
End of the previous Congress 54 44 1 1 100 0
Begin 56 42 1 1 100 0
End 57 40 1 99 1
Final voting share 57.6% 40.4% 1.0% 1.0%
Beginning of the next Congress 60 37 1 1 99 1

House of Representatives[edit]

House seats by party holding plurality in state
  over 80% Democratic
  over 80% Republican
  60+% to 80% Democratic
  60+% to 80% Republican
  up to 60% Democratic
  up to 60% Republican
Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Democratic Republican Vacant
End of previous Congress 252 178 430 5
Begin 241 192 433 2
End 235 182 420 18
Final voting share 56.4% 45.6%
Beginning of next Congress 291 144 435 0

Members[edit]

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate[edit]

Senators are popularly elected statewide every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 means their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1976; Class 2 means their term began with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1978; and Class 3 means their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1974.

House of Representatives[edit]

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

Changes in membership[edit]

Senate[edit]

State
(class)
Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation
Ohio
(3)
William B. Saxbe (R) Resigned January 3, 1974 to become Attorney General Howard Metzenbaum (D) January 4, 1974
Nevada
(3)
Alan Bible (D) Resigned December 17, 1974, to give successor preferential seniority Paul Laxalt (R) December 18, 1974
Utah
(3)
Wallace F. Bennett (R) Resigned December 20, 1974, to give successor preferential seniority Jake Garn (R) December 21, 1974
Ohio
(3)
Howard Metzenbaum (D) Resigned December 23, 1974, to give successor preferential seniority John Glenn (D) December 24, 1974
Kentucky
(3)
Marlow Cook (R) Resigned December 27, 1974, to give successor preferential seniority Wendell H. Ford (D) December 28, 1974
New Hampshire
(3)
Norris Cotton (R) Resigned December 31, 1974, to give successor preferential seniority Louis C. Wyman (R) December 31, 1974
Florida
(3)
Edward J. Gurney (R) Resigned December 31, 1974, in an influence peddling scandal Richard Stone (D) December 31, 1974
Arkansas
(3)
J. William Fulbright (D) Resigned December 31, 1974 Vacant Not filled this Congress

House of Representatives[edit]

There were three deaths before this Congress began.


District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date successor
seated
Illinois 7th Vacant Rep. George W. Collins (D), died during previous congress Cardiss Collins (D) June 5, 1973
Alaska At-large Vacant Nick Begich (D) and Hale Boggs (D) were lost in a plane crash, and the estate of Rep. Begich was issued a presumptive death certificate from the State of Alaska during previous congress. Both were also declared dead pursuant to H. R. Res. 1 issued January 3, 1973. Don Young (R) March 6, 1973
Louisiana 2nd Hale Boggs (D) Nick Begich (D) and Hale Boggs (D) were lost in a plane crash during previous congress. Both were declared dead pursuant to H. R. Res. 1 issued January 3, 1973. Lindy Boggs (D) March 20, 1973
Michigan 7th Donald W. Riegle, Jr. (R) Switched party affiliation Donald W. Riegle, Jr. (D) February 27, 1973
Maryland 1st William Mills (R) Committed suicide May 24, 1973 Robert Bauman (R) August 21, 1973
Pennsylvania 12th John Saylor (R) Died October 28, 1973 John Murtha (D) February 5, 1974
Michigan 5th Gerald Ford (R) Resigned December 6, 1973 to become Vice President Richard VanderVeen (D) February 18, 1974
California 13th Charles Teague (R) Died January 1, 1974 Robert Lagomarsino (R) 1974-03-05
Ohio 1st William Keating (R) Resigned January 3, 1974 Tom Luken (D) March 5, 1974
Michigan 8th James Harvey (R) Resigned January 31, 1974 after being appointed as a judge of the US District Court of the Eastern District of Michigan Bob Traxler (D) 1974-04-23
California 6th William Mailliard (R) Resigned March 5, 1974 John Burton (D) 1974-06-04
California 10th Charles S. Gubser (R) Resigned December 31, 1974 Remained vacant until next Congress
California 19th Chester E. Holifield (D) Resigned December 31, 1974 Remained vacant until next Congress
California 32nd Craig Hosmer (R) Resigned December 31, 1974 Remained vacant until next Congress
California 34th Richard T. Hanna (D) Resigned December 31, 1974 Remained vacant until next Congress
Illinois 24th Kenneth J. Gray (D) Resigned December 31, 1974 Remained vacant until next Congress
Kentucky 1st Frank Stubblefield (D) Resigned December 31, 1974 Remained vacant until next Congress
Massachusetts 3rd Harold Donohue (D) Resigned December 31, 1974 Remained vacant until next Congress
Michigan 6th Charles E. Chamberlain (R) Resigned December 31, 1974 Remained vacant until next Congress
Michigan 17th Martha Griffiths (D) Resigned December 31, 1974 Remained vacant until next Congress
Minnesota 2nd Ancher Nelsen (R) Resigned December 31, 1974 Remained vacant until next Congress
Minnesota 8th John Blatnik (DFL) Resigned December 31, 1974 Remained vacant until next Congress
Nebraska 3rd David T. Martin (R) Resigned December 31, 1974 Remained vacant until next Congress
New Hampshire 1st Louis C. Wyman (R) Resigned December 31, 1974 after being appointed to the US Senate Remained vacant until next Congress
New Jersey 7th William B. Widnall (R) Resigned December 31, 1974 Remained vacant until next Congress
New York 14th John J. Rooney (D) Resigned December 31, 1974 Remained vacant until next Congress
New York 15th Hugh L. Carey (D) Resigned December 31, 1974 Remained vacant until next Congress
New York 29th Carleton J. King (R) Resigned December 31, 1974 Remained vacant until next Congress
New York 37th Thaddeus J. Dulski (D) Resigned December 31, 1974 Remained vacant until next Congress
Ohio 23rd William Minshall (R) Resigned December 31, 1974 Remained vacant until next Congress
Oregon 3rd Edith S. Green (D) Resigned December 31, 1974 Remained vacant until next Congress
Pennsylvania 25th Frank M. Clark (D) Resigned December 31, 1974 Remained vacant until next Congress
South Carolina 3rd W.J. Bryan Dorn (D) Resigned December 31, 1974 Remained vacant until next Congress
South Carolina 5th Thomas S. Gettys (D) Resigned December 31, 1974 Remained vacant until next Congress
Texas 21st O. C. Fisher (D) Resigned December 31, 1974 Remained vacant until next Congress
Virginia 10th Joel Broyhill (R) Resigned December 31, 1974 after being defeated for re-election Remained vacant until next Congress
Washington 3rd Julia B. Hansen (D) Resigned December 31, 1974 Remained vacant until next Congress
Wisconsin 3rd Vernon W. Thomson (R) Resigned December 31, 1974 Remained vacant until next Congress
Wisconsin 9th Glenn R. Davis (R) Resigned December 31, 1974 Remained vacant until next Congress

Employees[edit]

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

See also[edit]

Elections[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Joe Moakley (D-MA) was elected as "Independent Conservative," based on official report of Congress by Benjamin Guthrie. “Statistics of the Presidential and Congressional Election of November 7, 1972.” But he was sworn in as a Democrat at the beginning of the Congress, January 3, 1973. [1]
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 

External links[edit]