Ningbo Museum

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Ningbo Museum
宁波博物馆
South Gate of Ningbo Museum.jpg
Established December 5, 2008
Location Yinzhou District, Ningbo, China
Coordinates 29°49′02″N 121°32′28″E / 29.817336°N 121.541178°E / 29.817336; 121.541178
Website www.nbmuseum.cn
Ningbo Museum
Simplified Chinese 宁波博物馆
Traditional Chinese 寧波博物館

The Ningbo Museum (Chinese: 宁波博物馆), also known as the Yinzhou Museum (Chinese: 鄞州博物馆) or the Ningbo Historic Museum (Chinese: 宁波历史博物馆), is a museum in the city of Ningbo in Zhejiang Province, China. It is located in Yinzhou District and was opened on December 5, 2008. The museum focuses on Ningbo area history and traditional customs.

The museum is designed by architect Wang Shu, who in 2012 won the Pritzker Architecture Prize. The concept of museum design is a combination of mountain, water and ocean, as the East China Sea has played an important role in the history of Ningbo. Features of Jiangnan residences are integrated into the museum design by decorations made from old tiles and bamboo. Ningbo Museum won the Lu Ban Prize in 2009, the top architecture prize in China.[1]

Architecture[edit]

Wall detail, made of old tiles

Ningbo Museum is designed by Wang Shu, the first Chinese citizen to win the Pritzker Architecture Prize.[1] The design is a conceptual combination of mountains, water and oceans. The first floor of the museum is constructed as a whole part, while the building starts to tilt on the second floor, giving the whole building a mountain and also a boat shape. This design alludes the geographical feature in Ningbo as well as the importance of over-sea commerce in its history, thus making the museum a symbol of Ningbo history and culture.[2]

The outer wall decoration of Ningbo Museum is made in two ways. Some walls are decorated by millions of tiles collected in local areas. This sort of decoration itself was a common way of building an economical house in old days in Ningbo when cements are not introduced. Other walls are decorated with cement-covered bamboos.[2] It is reported that Ningbo Museum was the first museum built with large number of used materials.[3] Ningbo Tengtou Pavilion in Shanghai World Expo also employed the similar decoration.[4]

Permanent exhibits[edit]

Ningbo history exhibit[edit]

Model of Ningbo city in Tang Dyansty

Located on the second floor of the museum, this is the main exhibit of the museum, showing the history of Ningbo from the Hemudu culture until the Republic of China. Major stories are about ancient cultures, the expansion of the city, overseas commerce, the development of Eastern Zhejiang Scholars and Ningbo Commercial Group. Large amount of artefacts, historic photographs and models are displayed.[5]

Ningbo custom exhibit[edit]

Carved chair with stylized bone inlay, made in Ningbo in Qing Dynasty

This exhibit is located on the third floor of the museum. Wax models and mock buildings and modern electronic techniques are used to show a traditional commercial street in Ningbo. Intangible cultural heritages of the city are also on display.[6]

Bamboo art exhibit[edit]

This exhibit is located on the third floor of the museum, displaying old bamboo artefacts donated by Qin Bingnian, the son of the collector, Qin Kangxiang.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b 宁波博物馆获本年度“鲁班奖” (Ningbo Museum won Lu Ban Prize this year)
  2. ^ a b 宁波有了自己真正的博物馆 (Ningbo owns an authentic museum)
  3. ^ 宁波博物馆 废旧材料建 (Ningbo Museum: made by used materials)
  4. ^ 世博宁波案例馆昨揭“盖头” (Ningbo Pavilion in Shanghai Expo opened yesterday), cnnb.com.cn, [2010-03-16]
  5. ^ 东方“神舟”——宁波“海上丝路”主题展综述 (City as an Eastern Boat - Theme display of ancient Ningbo as an important node in oceanic silk road)
  6. ^ “阿拉”老宁波 ——宁波民俗风物陈列 (Ala Ningbo residents - Theme display of Ningbo custom and culture)
  7. ^ 竹刻艺术——秦秉年先生捐赠竹刻珍品展 (Bamboo Art - Display of bamboo artefacts donated by Qin Bingnian)

External links[edit]