Niohuru

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Niohuru Heshen, a powerful official of the Qianlong era, was of the Niohuru clan

The Niohuru'('鈕祜祿)(Niohuru; Manchu: ᠨᡳᠣᡥᡠᡵᡠ ; Chinese: 鈕祜祿; pinyin: Niǔhùlù; Wade–Giles: Niu3-hu4-lu4; literally: "wolf" in Manchu) Clan was a powerful Manchu clan belonging to the Plain Red Banner during the Qing dynasty in China. A shortened version of this surname of "Niu" can be commonly found in the modern day province of Jiangxi (in south central China) after the partial migration of this clan to that province in the early 19th century.

The mother of the Qianlong Emperor, Empress Xiaoshengxian came from the Niohuru clan. Heshen, the powerful official favored by the Qianlong Emperor came from this clan.

Empress Xiaoquancheng (孝全成皇后), empress of the Daoguang Emperor and biological mother of the Xianfeng Emperor, also came from this clan.

Empress Dowager Ci'an, the widow of the Xianfeng Emperor and co-regent of China with Empress Dowager Cixi during Tongzhi and Guangxu Emperors minorities, also came from this clan.

Two other powerful members of the clan were Eidu and Alechi.,[1] both of whom were Nurhaci's noblemen.

The Niohuru clan changed their family name to Lang, which sounded like "wolf" in Chinese, since wolf in Manchu was Niohuru.[2]

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References[edit]

  1. ^ Pamela Crossley (2002). Manchus: People of Asia (reprint, illustrated ed.). Blackwell Publishers. p. 55. Retrieved March 25, 2012. When they were young, Alechi saved Nurhaci's life by killing a wild hyena. 
  2. ^ Edward J. M. Rhoads (2001). Manchus & Han: ethnic relations and political power in late Qing and early republican China, 1861-1928 (reprint, illustrated ed.). University of Washington Press. p. 56. Retrieved March 2, 2012. and when the ancient and politically prominent Manchu lineage of Niohuru adopted the Han-style surname Lang, he ridiculed them for having "forgotten their roots." (The Niohuru, whose name was derived from niohe, Manchu for wolf," had chosen Lang as their surname because it was a homophone for the Chinese word for "wolf.")