Farming near Nirmal
|Elevation||340 m (1,120 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Sex ratio||50:50 ♂/♀|
Nirmal is a town, mandal headquarters and a municipality in Adilabad district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is the political headquarters of the district with a history of 400 years. The name Nirmal is derived from one of its famous rulers, Nimma Naidu, in the 17th century. He was a great patron of arts, encouraging the art of toy making out of teak and a unique tender wood, Poniki, which flourished in his time bringing significance to the town. Today, toy making is a small-scale industry in the town..
Nirmal is located at  It has an average elevation of 340 metres (1100 feet). Nirmal is surrounded by 14 lakes which makes the place special..
As of 2011[update] India census, Nirmal had a population of 1,67,312. Males constitute 50% of the population and females 50%. Nirmal has an average literacy rate of 65%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 74%, and female literacy is 56%. In Nirmal, 16% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Nirmal Painting and wooden toys are famous all over the world. From the rustic ethos to the royal environment, from flora to fauna, an explicit array of expressions is portrayed in myriad colours and forms on Nirmal products. This art form named after its place of origin, Nirmal in Adilabad district of Andhra Pradesh.
Cricket is also famous for here. A number of stage artists who gained fame with their acting, singing and dance hail from Nirmal.
The climate of the town is characterized by the hot summer and is generally dry except during the southwest monsoon. The year may be divided into four seasons. The winter season from December to February is followed by the summer season from March to May. The period from June to September constitute the southwest monsoon season, while October and November from the post monsoon season. The weather of the area is also dictated by the seven lakes around the town.
The relative humidity is high during the southwest monsoon season. The air is generally dry during the rest of the year, the district part of the year being the summer season when the humidity in the afternoon is 25%.
The rainfall in the town, in general increases from the southwest towards the northeast. About 85% of annual rainfall is received during the southwest monsoon season. The peak rainy month is July. The variation in the Annual rainfall of a year is not very large. Annual rainfall of the district is 1044.5m.m.
The cold weather commences towards the end of November when the temperature begins to fall rapidly. December is generally the coldest month, with the daily maximum temperature of about 29 C and the minimum of 3 c.
In summer,from mid April the temperature begins to rise rapidly. May is generally the hottest month,with daily maximum temperature around 50 c.
Winds are light to moderate with some strengthening in the period from May to August. During the post-monsoon and cold season, winds blow mostly from the east or northeast. By March, south westerlies start blowing and continue the rest of summer. The southwest monsoon season winds are mostly from directions between southwest and northwest.
Nirmal is an assembly constituency in Andhra Pradesh. There were 165,322 registered voters in Nirmal constituency in 2009 elections.
List of Elected Members:
- 1957 - Koripelly Muthyam Reddy'
- 1978 - P. Ganga Reddy
- 1962 - P. Narsa Reddy
- 1983 - Aindla Bheema Reddy
- 1985 - Samudrala Venugopal Chary
- 1996- Nalla Indrakaran Reddy
- 1999 & 2004 - Allola Indrakaran Reddy
- 2009 - Aleti Maheswara Reddy
Nirmal is the political head quarters of Adilabad district. It has a great cultural history. It is one of the main towns in Adilabad district. It is Situated in between Highways NH-7 Srinagar- Kanyakumari Highway And [NH-222] Nirmal- Kalyan (Mumbai) Highway. The place can be reached by travelling 210 km in northern direction or 4.5 hours from Hyderabad, Hyderabad by travelling in the APSRTC buses or 3.0 to 3.5 Hours by car on the National Highway No. 7. The highway has 4 lanes by which the journey has been made easier. Town located on north-south express way. There are a lot of Function Halls (Place where Marriages and other events are conducted) in the town namely, Golden function Hall, Laxmi Function hall, TIrumala function hall, Heera function hall, AK function Hall and Star function Hall. Facebook: www.facebook.com/nirmalcity or Nirmaltoys
Nirmal has a history of 400 years. The town is surrounded by many renowned tourist spots of historical significance and natural beauty as well. The must see places Nirmal are;
- Kuntala waterfalls
- Pochera waterfalls
- Nirmal Toys
- Nirmal Paintings
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Nirmal
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- Election Commission of India.APAssembly results.1978-2004