Nirmal Chandra Chatterjee
Early life and education
He was born on October 19, 1895 in Boinchee, in the Hooghly district to Bholanath Chatterjee. He was educated at the South Suburban School, the Mitra Institution, St. Mary's School, all in Calcutta, before graduating from the Scottish Church College. Subsequently he studied law at the University Law College of the University of Calcutta, before proceeding on to the Middle Temple, London, and subsequently finishing his academic pursuit at the University College, London.
He started out as a senior advocate in the Supreme Court of India. He went on to be a judge at the Calcutta High Court. Later he became the vice president of the Supreme Court Bar Association, and treasurer of the Bar Association of India. He had also served as a president of the All India Civil Liberties Council, and as vice president of the International Commission of Jurists - Indian Branch.
He was also a member of the Special Committee on Tibet of the International Commission of Jurists, and a chairman of the Subordinate Legislation Committee of Parliament. He represented India at the Commonwealth Law Conference held in London in 1955. He was a deputy leader of the Indian Lawyers Delegation to the U.S.S.R. in 1959, and represented India at the International Bar Conference at Salzburg in Austria in 1960 and Commonwealth Law Conference held at Sydney in 1966. He was counsel for India at the Kutch International Tribunal in Geneva.
He married Binapani Devi on May 30, 1915, and later became the father of the father of the Marxist leader Somnath Chatterjee, a fiercely anti-Hindutva communist leader from Bengal who served as the 14th Speaker of the Lok Sabha from 2004 to 2009.
Books written by him
- Company Law
- Awakening of India
- Problems of Jammu and Kashmir
- Comparative Jurisprudence
- Indian Constitutional Law
- Fundamental Rights and Judicial Review
- Emergency and Law
- Monographs and articles on historical, legal and constitutional topics
- Paper on 'Nationality' at International legal Conference in Delhi in January, 1954
- Studies in history, political science, economics, Indology, comparative politics and international law and travelling
- Social activities by helping depressed classes and Harijans, championing civil liberties and rule of law.