Nirvana (Nirvana album)
|Greatest hits album by Nirvana|
|Released||October 29, 2002|
|Producer||Steve Albini, Jack Endino, Steve Fisk, Scott Litt, Butch Vig|
|Singles from Nirvana|
Nirvana was released following the settlement of a long-standing legal dispute between Cobain's widow, Courtney Love, and surviving Nirvana members Krist Novoselic and Dave Grohl. Much of the dispute centered around the song "You Know You're Right" which was recorded during the band's final studio session, in January 1994. Novoselic and Grohl had wanted to release it on a long-delayed Nirvana rarities box set. However, Love blocked the song's release, and sued Novoselic and Grohl over control of Nirvana's legacy. Love's lawsuit maintained that "You Know You're Right" was a "potential 'hit' of extraordinary artistic and commercial value." She believed that "You Know You're Right" would be "wasted" on a box set, and instead belonged on a single-disc compilation similar to The Beatles' 1. In September 2002, it was announced by the Nirvana camp that the lawsuit had been settled, and that "You Know You're Right" would be released on "Nirvana, a one-CD history of the band."
Nirvana was the third Nirvana album to be released following the death of singer/ guitarist Kurt Cobain in April 1994, and the first to feature studio material. The first track on the album is "You Know You're Right" which was also released as a downloadable single. The only song to appear from Nirvana's 1989 debut album Bleach is "About a Girl". Bleach producer Jack Endino saw "About a Girl" as a potential single and the song was later released as a single from the MTV Unplugged in New York album in 1994. The song "Been a Son" was originally a B-side from Nirvana's 1989 Blew EP, which itself was only a limited release in the United Kingdom, making the song a rarity. Nirvana's 1990 non-album single "Sliver" which was their last Nirvana only release on the Sub Pop label is the fourth track on the album.
The four commercially released singles from 1991's Nevermind album ("Smells Like Teen Spirit", "Come as You Are", "Lithium" and "In Bloom") are all included, as are three singles from 1993's In Utero album ("Heart-Shaped Box", "Pennyroyal Tea" and "Rape Me"). The version of "Pennyroyal Tea" that is included is a remixed version which was planned as a single in March 1994 from the In Utero album, however due to Cobain's death the single was recalled shortly after its release making this remixed version rare and hard to find until its inclusion on Nirvana. Also included is "Dumb" which was an album track from In Utero.
Two tracks from Nirvana's 1994 MTV Unplugged in New York album ("All Apologies" and "The Man Who Sold the World") are included, both of which had been released as promotional singles from the Unplugged album. Vinyl and Japanese CD versions of the album include two bonus tracks both from the MTV Unplugged in New York album; "Something in the Way", which had been a B-side to the "About a Girl" single and "Where Did You Sleep Last Night" which had been released as a promotional single from the Unplugged album. On CD versions of the album released outside of the US and Japan, "Where Did You Sleep Last Night" is the only bonus track.
The album opened at #3 on the Billboard 200 with 234,000 copies sold. Currently, it has sold over 7 million copies worldwide. It has sold nearly 2.2 million copies in the United States, according to Soundscan, and has sold more than 2 million copies in Europe as of 2007.
Several critics believed that Nirvana was too brief, and omitted key tracks. Stephen Thomas Erlewine of Allmusic wrote that "the presence of a few more tracks, along with placing "You Know You're Right" at the end where it belongs, would have made this collection not just stronger, but possibly definitive. As it stands, it feels like a bit of a cheap compromise and a wasted opportunity." Will Bryant of Pitchfork praised the album as "an artful selection of the band's most seminal material," but also dismissed it as "a party mix for parents who want to appreciate Cobain's Lennon-esque knack for great melodies without having to click past "Scentless Apprentice" or "Territorial Pissings"...utterly inoffensive: an impulse buy from Columbia House, perhaps, with no more artistic value than The Eagles' Greatest Hits or the Beatles' 1."
All songs by Kurt Cobain unless otherwise noted:
- "You Know You're Right" (previously unreleased) – 3:38
- "About a Girl" (from Bleach) – 2:49
- "Been a Son" (from Blew) – 2:23
- "Sliver" (from Incesticide) – 2:14
- "Smells Like Teen Spirit" (from Nevermind) (Cobain/Grohl/Novoselic) – 5:01
- "Come as You Are" (from Nevermind) – 3:39
- "Lithium" (from Nevermind) – 4:17
- "In Bloom" (from Nevermind) – 4:15
- "Heart-Shaped Box" (from In Utero) – 4:41
- "Pennyroyal Tea" (from In Utero, single remix) – 3:38
- "Rape Me" (from In Utero) – 2:51
- "Dumb" (from In Utero) – 2:34
- "All Apologies" (from MTV Unplugged in New York) – 3:51
- "The Man Who Sold the World" (from MTV Unplugged in New York) (David Bowie) – 3:47
- Bonus tracks
- "Something in the Way" (from MTV Unplugged in New York) – 4:01 (appears on vinyl and Japanese CD copies only)
- "Where Did You Sleep Last Night" (from MTV Unplugged in New York) (Traditional; arranged by Lead Belly) – 5:08 (appears on vinyl and international CD copies only)
Charts and certifications
- Kurt Cobain – guitar and vocals
- Krist Novoselic – bass guitar
- Dave Grohl – drums and backing vocals (except on tracks 2, 3 and 4)
- Chad Channing – drums on "About a Girl" and "Been a Son"
- Dan Peters – drums on "Sliver"
- Pat Smear – guitar on unplugged tracks
- Lori Goldston – cello on unplugged tracks
- Kera Schaley - cello on "Dumb"
- Nirvana – production
- Butch Vig – production, engineering
- Steve Albini – engineering, mixing
- Jack Endino – engineering, mixing
- Steve Fisk – engineering, mixing
- Adam Kasper – engineering, mixing
- Andy Wallace – mixing
- Scott Litt – production, mixing
- Bob Ludwig – mastering
- Robert Fisher – art direction
- David Fricke – liner notes
- Michael Meisel - project director
- James Barber - project director
- John Silva – project director
- Corbis Bettman - photography
- Frank Micelotta - photography
- Frank Ockenfels - photography
- Charles Peterson - photography
- Redferns – photography
- By Teri vanHorn (2001-06-29). "Love Blocks Nirvana Release - News Story | Music, Celebrity, Artist News | MTV News". Mtv.com. Retrieved 2011-11-16.
- "A piece of Kurt Cobain". Jimdero.com. Retrieved 2011-11-16.
- Rasmus Holmen. "[NFC: The Internet Nirvana Fan Club]". Nirvanaclub.com. Retrieved 2011-11-16.
- Enrico Vincenzi. "Nirvana discography in sections "Official releases and related promos" and "Promo only"". www.sliver.it. Retrieved 13 April 2012.
- "IFPI Platinum Awards". Ifpi.org. 2007-04-19. Retrieved 2011-11-16.
- [dead link]
- Bryant, Will (2002-11-14). "Nirvana: Nirvana | Album Reviews". Pitchfork. Retrieved 2011-11-16.
- "Rolling Stone Music | Album Reviews". Rollingstone.com. Retrieved 2011-11-16.
- Thomas, Stephen (2002-10-29). "Nirvana - Nirvana". AllMusic. Retrieved 2011-11-16.
- australian charts.com. "Australian Chart Archives". Retrieved 26 June 2010.
- austriancharts.at. "Austrian Chart Archives". Retrieved 26 June 2010.
- ultratop.be. "Belgium NL Chart Archives". Retrieved 26 June 2010.
- AllMusicGuide.com. "Canadian Chart Archives". Retrieved 26 June 2010.
- danishcharts.com. "Denmark Chart Archives". Retrieved 26 June 2010.
- finnishcharts.com. "Finland Chart Archives". Retrieved 26 June 2010.
- (The user has to select "Nirvana" from the drop down list) "InfoDisc : Le Détail des Albums de chaque Artiste". Infodisc.fr. Retrieved 2012-10-14.
- dutchcharts.nl. "Holland Chart Archives". Retrieved 26 June 2010.
- italiancharts.com. "Italian Chart Archives". Retrieved 26 June 2010.
- (Japanese) "Oricon Weekly Album Charts for the third week of November 2002". Oricon. Retrieved 2009-10-03.
- charts.org.nz. "New ZealandL Chart Archives". Retrieved 26 June 2010.
- norwegiancharts.com. "Norway Chart Archives". Retrieved 26 June 2010.
- Salaverri, Fernando (September 2005). Sólo éxitos: año a año, 1959–2002 (1st ed.). Spain: Fundación Autor-SGAE. ISBN 84-8048-639-2.
- swedishcharts.com. "Sweden Chart Archives". Retrieved 26 June 2010.
- hitparade.ch. "Switzerland Chart Archives". Retrieved 26 June 2010.
- www.everyhit.co.uk. "UK Chart Archives". Retrieved 26 June 2010.
- AllMusicGuide.com. "USA Chart Archives". Retrieved 26 June 2010.
- "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 2013 Albums". Australian Recording Industry Association.
- "Austrian album certifications – Nirvana – Nirvana" (in German). IFPI Austria. Enter Nirvana in the field Interpret. Enter Nirvana in the field Titel. Select album in the field Format. Click Suchen
- "Ultratop − Goud en Platina – 2007" (in Dutch). Ultratop & Hung Medien / hitparade.ch.
- "Brazilian album certifications – Nirvana – Nirvana" (in Portuguese). Associação Brasileira dos Produtores de Discos.
- "IFPI Platinum Europe Awards – 2007". International Federation of the Phonographic Industry.
- The first web page presents the sales figures, the second presents the certification limits:
- "French album certifications – Nirvana – Nirvana" (in French). Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique.
- "Italian album certifications – Nirvana – Nirvana" (in Italian). Federation of the Italian Music Industry. Retrieved January 21, 2014. Select Album e Compilation in the field Scegli la sezione. Select Week -- and Year ----. Enter Nirvana in the field Artista. Click Avvia la ricerca
- "Spanish album certifications – Nirvana – Nirvana" (PDF) (in Spanish). Productores de Música de España.
- "The Official Swiss Charts and Music Community: Awards (Nirvana; 'Nirvana')". Hung Medien.
- "British album certifications – Nirvana – Nirvana". British Phonographic Industry. Enter Nirvana in the field Search. Select Title in the field Search by. Select album in the field By Format. Click Go
- "American album certifications – Nirvana – Nirvana". Recording Industry Association of America. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH
- Courtney Love Sues Grohl And Novoselic, Blocks Nirvana Rarity by Teri van Horn, MTV News, June 29, 2001
- A piece of Kurt Cobain by Jim DeRogatis, March 10, 2002
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