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Nishinoomote City Hall
Location of Nishinoomote in Kagoshima Prefecture
|Region||Kyushu (Satsunan Islands)|
|• Total||205.75 km2 (79.44 sq mi)|
|Population (June 1, 2013)|
|• Density||79.8/km2 (207/sq mi)|
|Time zone||Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)|
|-Tree||Akō (Ficus superba Miq. var. japonica Miq.)|
|- Flower||Lilium longiflorum|
|-Flowering Tree||Chinese hibiscus|
|-Insect||Great Orange Tip|
|Address||7612 Nishinoomote, Nishinoomote-shi, Kagoshima-ken 891-3193|
Nishinoomote, located on the northern portion of Tanegashima, is bordered by the East China Sea to the west and the Pacific Ocean to the east, and by the Osumi Strait separating Tanegashima from the Kyushu mainland. The city also includes the offshore island of Mageshima within its borders.
Nishinoomote has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) with long, hot, humid summers and mild winters. Precipitation is abundant throughout the year, with particularly heavy rainfall in May, June, August and September. The area is subject to frequent typhoons.
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Kitatane Village was established on April 1, 1889. It was elevated to town status on April 1, 1926 and renamed Nishinoomote. Towards the end of World War II, the town was garrisoned by a 12,000-man force from the Imperial Japanese Army and was thus subjected to bombing by the United States Navy in 1945. As with all of the Amami Islands, the town came under the administration of the United States from July 1, 1946 to December 25, 1953. It was elevated to city status on October 1, 1958.
Nishinoomote Port is a regional transportation hub, with frequent ferry service to Kagoshima, Tokyo, Kobe, and Osaka, as well as Okinawa and the other Osumi islands.
- Isa, Kagoshima, since November 10, 1962
- Sakai, Osaka, since October 18, 1986
- Nagahama, Shiga, since October 8, 1987
- Vila do Bispo, Portugal, since October 1, 1993 (in recognition of the fact that it was Fernão Mendes Pinto, a Portuguese explorer, who claimed to be the first European to set foot on Japan, and did so on Tanegashima in 1543.)
Media related to Nishinoomote, Kagoshima at Wikimedia Commons
- Nishinoomote City official website (Japanese)