Nishio Domain

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reconstructed yagura of Nishio Castle

Nishio Domain (西尾藩 Nishio han?) was a Japanese domain of the Edo period, located in former Mikawa Province, in what is now the modern-day city of Nishio in Aichi Prefecture, Japan. It was centered on Nishio Castle.

History[edit]

When Tokugawa Ieyasu became independent of the Imagawa clan in 1561, he established Nishio Castle, and assigned his close hereditary retainer, Sakai Masachika to become its first castellan. It was a mark of Ieyasu’s favor and trust, as Sakai Masachika was the first of Ieyasu’s retainers to be so honored. Following the Battle of Sekigahara, the Sakai clan was reassigned to more lucrative territories in western Japan, and was replaced by a branch of the Honda clan as first rulers of the new Nishio-han. The domain changed hands with almost every generation, reverting for periods to tenryō status under direct control of the Tokugawa shogunate. The Doi clan held the territory for almost 100 years (1663-1747), and the Ogyu branch of the Matsudaira clan from 1764 until the Meiji restoration in 1867. The final daimyō, Matsudaira Noritsune, took part in the Second Chōshū expedition, and was assigned to guard Osaka and Kyoto, but presided over domain deeply divided between pro- and anti- Shogunal factions. He surrendered to the new Meiji government during the Boshin War, after the defection of many junior samurai to the pro-Imperial cause.

After the abolition of the han system in July 1871, the domain became “Nishio Prefecture”, which later became part of Nukata Prefecture, and finally Aichi Prefecture.

Nishio Domain was not a single contiguous territory, but consisted of many widely scattered holdings:

List of daimyō[edit]

# Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank Revenues Lineage
1 Honda Yasutoshi (本多 康俊) 1601–1617 Nui no suke (縫殿助) Lower 5th (従五位下) 20,000 koku 2nd son of Sakai Tadatsugu
# Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank Revenues Lineage
1 Matsudaira Narishige (松平 成重) 1617–1621 Ukon-no-jō (右近将監) Lower 5th (従五位下) 20,000 koku transfer to Kameyama Domain
# Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank Revenues Lineage
1 Honda Toshitsugu (本多 俊次) 1621–1636 Shimosa-no-kami (下総守) Lower 5th (従五位下) 35,000 koku son of Honda Yasutoshi; transfer to Kameyama Domain
# Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank Revenues Lineage
1 Ōta Sukemune (太田 資宗) 1638–1644 Bitchu-no-kami (備中守) Lower 5th (従五位下) 15,000 – 35,000 koku transfer from Yamakawa Domain; 2nd son of Ōta Shigemasa;
transfer to Hamamatsu Domain
# Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank Revenues Lineage
1 Ii Naoyoshi (井伊 直好) 1645–1659 Hyōbu-shō (兵部少輔) Lower 5th (従五位下) 35,000 koku transfer from Anaka Domain; son of Ii Naokatsu; transfer to Kakegawa Domain
# Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank Revenues Lineage
1 Mashiyama Masatoshi (増山 正利) 1659–1662 Danjō-shōhitsu (弾正少弼) Lower 5th (従五位下) 20,000 koku son of Aoki Toshinaga
2 Mashiyama Masamitsu (増山 正弥) 1662–1663 Hyōbu-shō (兵部少輔) Lower 5th (従五位下) 20,000 koku son of Nasu Tsukemutsu; transfer to Shimodate Domain
# Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank Revenues Lineage
1 Doi Toshinaga (土井 利長) 1663–1681 Hyōgo-ryō (兵庫頭) Lower 5th (従五位下) 23,000 koku 2nd son of Doi Toshikatsu
2 Doi Toshimoto (土井 利意) 1681–1724 Yamashiro-no-kami (山城守) Lower 5th (従五位下) 23,000 koku 7th son of Inaba Masanori
3 Doi Toshitsune (土井 利庸) 1724–1734 Awaji-no-kami (淡路守) Lower 5th (従五位下) 23,000 koku adopted from Miura clan
4 Doi Toshinobu (土井 利信) 1734–1747 Iyo-no-kami (伊予守) Lower 5th (従五位下) 23,000 koku son of Toshinaga; transfer to Kariya Domain
# Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank Revenues Lineage
1 Miura Yoshisato (三浦 義理) 1747–1756 Kazue-no-kami (主計頭) Lower 5th (従五位下) 23,000 koku son of Akihiro; transfer from Kariya Domain
2 Miura Akitsugu (三浦 明次) 1756–1764 Hyōgo-ryō (兵庫頭) Lower 5th (従五位下) 23,000 koku 3rd son of Akitaka; transfer to Katsuyama Domain
# Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank Revenues Lineage
1 Matsudaira Norisuke (松平 乗祐) 1764–1769 Izumi-no-kami (和泉守) Lower 5th (従五位下) 60,000 koku son of Norisato; transfer from Yamagata Domain
2 Matsudaira Norisada (松平乗完) 1769–1793 Izumi-no-kami (和泉守) Lower 4th (従四位下) 60,000 koku 4th son of Norisuke
3 Matsudaira Norihiro (松平 乗寛) 1793–1839 Izumi-no-kami( 和泉守) Lower 5th (従五位下) 60,000 koku son of Norisada
4 Matsudaira Noriyasu (松平 乗全) 1839–1862 Izumi-no-kami (和泉守) Lower 4th (従四位下) 60,000 koku son of Norihiro
5 Matsudaira Noritsune (松平 乗秩)} 1862–1871 Izumi-no-kami (和泉守) Lower 5th (従五位下) 60,000 koku 2nd son of Norihiro

References[edit]

Coordinates: 34°51′6″N 137°02′55″E / 34.85167°N 137.04861°E / 34.85167; 137.04861