Tehran, Iran (Pars Khodro)
|Class||Mid-size crossover SUV|
|Layout||Front engine, front-wheel drive / four-wheel drive|
|Wheelbase||2825 mm (111.2 in)|
The Nissan Murano is a mid-size crossover SUV first sold by Nissan in December 2002 as a 2003 model. Nissan introduced the Murano as its first crossover SUV for the United States and Canada. Initially designed at Nissan America in La Jolla, California, the first generation Murano was based on the Nissan FF-L platform first used by the third generation Altima. The European version of the Murano began sales in 2004 and is available only in one version.
The Murano was Nissan's only crossover SUV in the U.S. until September 2007 when the new 2008 Nissan Rogue went on sale. In Canada the X-Trail had been on sale as Nissan's second car-based SUV since 2004 as a 2005 model; it was replaced by the new 2008 Nissan Rogue in late 2007. The Murano is sized between the Xterra and the Pathfinder, but is priced slightly higher than the Nissan Pathfinder.
The Murano was nominated for the North American Truck of the Year award for 2003. It was also named the best premium mid-size SUV by AutoPacific.
First generation (2002–2007) 
|Body style||4-door SUV|
|Platform||Nissan FF-L platform|
|Engine||3.5L VQ35DE V6, 234 hp (174 kW)|
|Length||4770 mm (187.6 in)|
|Width||1880 mm (74.0 in)|
|Height||2003–2005: 1705 mm (66.5 in)
2006–2007: 1709 mm (67.3 in)
The first generation Nissan Murano was unvieled in production form for the 2003 model year at the 2002 New York International Auto Show. It was powered by a 3.5 litre 245 bhp V6 engine, also used in several other Nissan models like the Altima, Maxima, and Nissan 350Z, but specifically tuned for use in the Murano. Available with standard front-wheel-drive (FWD) and optional all-wheel-drive (AWD), the Nissan Murano is one of the largest vehicles utilising a continuously variable transmission (CVT). Fuel economy was rated at 18 mpg in the city and 23 mpg on the highway (same mpg FWD and AWD on the new EPA specifications).
A full set of airbags, steel reinforced cabin, and head restraints were safety features designed to protect the interior while VDC, ABS, electronic brakeforce distribution and brake assist were mechanical safety features. VDC includes a form of traction control embedded into the car's onboard computer and is designed to provide 'joy' to drive.
For the 2006 model year in North America, the Murano received some updates in the form of LED tailamps and turn signals, standard color information screen, available back-up camera (standard in Canada for all models), GPS and a restyled front end with some minor trim updates.
Second generation (2009–present) 
|Also called||Nissan Murano Z51|
|Body style||4-door SUV
|Platform||Nissan D platform|
|Engine||3.5 V6, 265 hp (198 kW)
2.5 dCi I4, 190 hp (140 kW)
|Wheelbase||111.2 in (2,824 mm)|
|Length||2009-2010: 188.5 in (4,788 mm)
2011-: 189.9 in (4,823 mm)
Convertible: 190.1 in (4,829 mm)
|Width||74.1 in (1,882 mm)
Convertible: 74.5 in (1,892 mm)
|Height||2009-2010: 66.9 in (1,699 mm)
2011-: 68.0 in (1,727 mm)
Convertible: 66.2 in (1,681 mm)
|Related||Nissan Altima (L32)
Nissan Maxima (A35)
Nissan Teana (J32)
Nissan Pathfinder (2013)
Nissan skipped the 2008 model year with the introduction of the next generation Murano – as a 2009 model. The 2009 Murano made its public debut at the 2007 Los Angeles Auto Show in November and sales began in early January 2008.
The revised exterior styling bears an increased family resemblance to the Nissan Rogue, while still maintaining distinctly Murano cues with its aggressive front fascia and rear quarter windows. The interior has also been completely redesigned, with the use of a more traditional instrument cluster and notably higher-quality materials.
The 2009 Murano is offered in three trim levels: the base S, the mid-grade SL, and the top of the line LE. The performance-oriented SE model is no longer available. The S and SL are offered with standard FWD, with optional iAWD (Intelligent All Wheel Drive) available. The LE trim is iAWD only.
New features, some of them optional or available only on the LE grade, include rain-sensing wipers, double-stitched leather seats, power rear lift gate, power fold-up rear seats, iPod integration, and a hard-drive based, touchscreen navigation system. The S and SL feature aluminum interior accents, while the LE sports wood-tone trim. Like the first-generation model, there is no third-row seat.
The Murano is now based on the Nissan D platform shared with the fourth generation Nissan Altima and the new 2009 Nissan Maxima. Nissan has given the 2009 Murano a revised version of the award-winning 3.5L VQ engine rated at 265 horsepower (198 kW), an increase of 20 over the previous model. Torque is rated at 248 ft·lbf (336 N·m). The engine is mated to a revised Continuously Variable Transmission with Adaptive Shift Control. EPA fuel economy is rated at 18 city / 23 highway.
Standard safety features on all trims include 4-wheel disc brakes with ABS, brake-assist, and EBD; electronic stability control; and front, side-, and side-curtain airbags. The NHTSA awarded the second generation Murano 4 stars on the frontal crash test and 5 stars for side impacts, worse than the first generation.
On September 29, 2008, Nissan released the next generation Murano in Japan. It is targeted mainly at men in their 30s, 40s and 50s, and is priced between 3,150,000 yen and 4,042,500 yen, about 200,000 to 300,000 yen more expensive than the first generation model. Nissan plans to sell the vehicle in 170 countries.
For the 2011 model year, the Murano was refreshed to include new front and rear fascias, new headlights and LED taillights, and new 18-inch wheels on the outside. New interior changes include a new white meter color (as opposed to red/orange), new center stack plastic colours that now match the leather trim, and added equipment to various trim levels. The refresh also added a new exterior color, "Graphite Blue". A convertible version called CrossCabriolet was added for the 2011 model year, premiering at the 2010 Los Angeles International Auto Show.
In September 2011, Nissan launched the second-generation Murano in Indonesia. Only one version was available, and sold for 750 million rupiahs (about US$78,900).
Awards and recognition 
- 2003 Nominated for the North American Truck of the Year award.
- 2007 Motorist Choice best premium mid-size SUV by AutoPacific.
- 2010 Murano received the highest ratings in the front-, side-, and rear-impact evaluations performed by the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety.
- 2010 Murano Received NHTSA's Highest Government Side-Impact Safety Rating (five stars).
- e.alizadeh (firstname.lastname@example.org). ":: شركت خودرو سازي پارس خودرو ::". Parskhodro.ir. Retrieved 2011-12-18.
- "2003 Nissan Murano Review". JB car pages. Retrieved October 24, 2008.
- "European Version Of The Nissan Murano". carpages.co.uk. Retrieved April 6, 2008.
- "Nissan Murano Fuel Economy Ratings". EPA.
- "2006 Nissan Murano Review". JB car pages. Retrieved June 23, 2008.
- "First Generation Nissan Murano Crash Test Ratings". NHTSA. Retrieved June 23, 2008.
- "It's What People Want".
- "2009 Nissan Murano Review". JB car pages. Retrieved October 24, 2008.
- "Borrowing some of Infiniti's more upscale feel...".
- "All-New 2009 Nissan Murano Crossover Offers New Design, Advanced Technology and "Business Class" Features".
- "Nissan Murano Reviews and Specs". JB car pages. Retrieved June 23, 2008.
- "Second Generation Nissan Murano Crash Test Ratings". NHTSA. Retrieved June 23, 2008.
- "Nissan Releases Fully Remodeled Murano SUV". JCN Network. Retrieved September 29, 2008.
- "Nissan Murano 2011 gets a facelift in Europe". DriveArabia. Retrieved July 17, 2010.
- "2011 Nissan Murano gets a Facelift". VehiCast. Retrieved August 24, 2010.
- "Nissan Murano 2012 Dirilis dengan Harga Menarik". dapurpacu.com. Retrieved 15 August 2012.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Nissan Murano|
- Official American site
- Official Canadian site
- (Japanese) Official Japanese site
- Official Murano press release
- Nissan Murano
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