Nissan Primera

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Nissan Primera
Gyoumusha 1go (multi purpose) Nissan PRIMERA wagon.JPG
Overview
Manufacturer Nissan
Also called Infiniti G20
Production 1990–2008 (LHD)
1990–2006 (RHD)
Assembly Sunderland, United Kingdom (NMUK)[1]
Body and chassis
Class Mid-size
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive
Chronology
Predecessor Nissan Bluebird
Nissan Auster
Successor Nissan Altima
Nissan Bluebird Sylphy (Japan)

The Nissan Primera was a large family car produced by the Japanese automaker Nissan for the Japanese, North American, and European markets. In Japan, it replaced the Nissan Langley, and was exclusive to Nissan Prince Store locations. It was a platform upgrade, with engine performance and suspension modifications of the Nissan Pulsar. In North America, it was the entry-level luxury-sports sedan for Infiniti,

The name "primera" is Spanish for "first class" or "finest".

P10 (1990–1995)[edit]

P10
Nissan Primera I 20090913 front.jpg
Overview
Production 1990–1995
Assembly Sunderland, United Kingdom
Designer Mamoru Aoki (1987)
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door saloon
5-door hatchback
5-door estate
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,704 mm (106.5 in)
Length 4,481 mm (176.4 in) (saloon, hatchback)
4,631 mm (182.3 in) (estate)
Width 1,747 mm (68.8 in) (saloon, hatchback)
1,745 mm (68.7 in) (estate)
Height 1,372 mm (54.0 in) (saloon, hatchback)
1,391 mm (54.8 in) (estate)
See also: Infiniti G20

Since 1986, Nissan had been building Bluebirds—it was essentially a re-badged home-market Auster/Stanza – for the European market at its factory in Washington, Tyne and Wear, England.

In the autumn of 1990, Nissan replaced the United Kingdom's Bluebird with the smaller, Pulsar-based Primera. It had a conventional front–wheel drive chassis and five–speed manual gearbox, with some versions getting the option of a four-speed automatic. Power came from 1.6-litre carburetor and 1.8-litre and 2.0-litre injection gasoline engines; a 2.0-litre diesel followed from 1992 onwards, a 1.6-litre injection gasoline was introduced at the end of 1993. The 1.8-litre version was not sold in the rest of Europe. Bodystyles were four- and five-door saloons. A five-door estate was also offered as Primera Station Wagon, however it was not based on the sedan, but derives from the Nissan Avenir and was only made in Japan.

Nissan had deliberately targeted the car at the European market. The Primera saw Nissan's multi-link front suspension applied to front-wheel drive for the first time. The 2.0-litre gasoline engine received a power upgrade in 1992 which gave the then eZX, (later renamed the eGT) 150 bhp from the standard 2.0-litre engine and a top speed of around 219 km/h (or 137 mph).

Some five–door British, RHD Primeras were exported back to Japan, Russia and Ireland. In the United States, the Japanese-built version of the Primera was rebadged as the Infiniti G20, part of Nissan's upper-scale Infiniti brand.

Trim levels[edit]

The Primera range came in six trim levels at launch: L, LS, LSX, GS, GSX and ZX. The 1.6-litre engine was available in L, LS and LSX trim and the 2.0-litre 115 bhp (86 kW; 117 PS) engine was available in LS, GS and GSX trim. The ZX model had a 2.0-litre 150 bhp (112 kW; 152 PS) engine. From 1992 onwards, the range was facelifted and new L, LX, SLX, SGX and eGT trim levels replaced the original naming scheme. A 2.0-litre diesel version was available from 1992. L cars were basic, and had the 1.6-litre petrol engine only. LX was slightly plusher, but 2.0-litre petrol and diesel versions were also available. SLX was the mid-range model, and this also had a choice of 1.6 and 2.0 petrol, or 2.0 diesel engines. The SGX trim level was the luxury specification version; powered by the 2.0-litre 115 bhp (86 kW; 117 PS) engine. The eGT was the sporting version, with a 2.0-litre 150 bhp (112 kW; 152 PS) engine. Engine power was slightly increased in mid-1994 with the 1.6 model now producing 102 bhp (76 kW; 103 PS) and the 2.0 model, 123 bhp (92 kW; 125 PS).

From 1994, the range received another facelift, and the trim levels were (almost) the same; although Equation replaced the basic L as the entry-level trim; like its predecessor, it had a 1.6 petrol engine, but there was no diesel option. A rare AWD option was available known as a T4 with 150 bhp (112 kW; 152 PS).
At this time, SE also replaced SGX. A new "hot hatch" version, the SRi joined the line-up from 1994, and this had a choice of 1.6- or 2.0-litre petrol engines.

P11 (1995–2002)[edit]

P11
Nissan Primera 003.JPG
Overview
Production 1995–2002
Assembly Sunderland, United Kingdom
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door saloon
5-door hatchback
5-door estate
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,704 mm (106.5 in)
Length 4,481 mm (176.4 in) (saloon, hatchback)
4,631 mm (182.3 in) (estate)
Width 1,747 mm (68.8 in) (saloon, hatchback)
1,745 mm (68.7 in) (estate)
Height 1,372 mm (54.0 in) (saloon, hatchback)
1,391 mm (54.8 in) (estate)

The second-generation Nissan Primera was launched in late 1995 in Japan and in the autumn of 1996 in Europe. Unique in its class, new Primera featured multi-link beam rear suspension with multi-link front suspension.

As before, in Europe the Primera was sold with 1.6 L and 2.0 L petrol engines and a 2.0 L diesel, with hatchback, saloon and estate bodystyles. While the estate was now based on the Primera's platform, it was assigned a model code of WP11.

In Japan the Primera was initially offered with the SR18DE, SR20DE and SR20VE-for Japan only engines, and initially only as a sedan. The UK assembled hatchback was available only with the SR20DE engine and automatic transmission and began production from November 1997. Estate began production from September 1997.

Alongside the original Primera, the Nissan Primera Camino was launched as a badge-engineered model for different dealer networks. The Japanese models also introduced a CVT automatic transmission during the P11 series, including a six speed tiptronic version in the M6 G-V and autech edition wagons and Te-V Saloon. Nissan Primera HP11 TE-V was equipped with SR20VE and CVT-M6 automatic transmission only.

Nissan continued selling the Primera in the United States as the Infiniti G20, using the same grille and rear lamp alterations from the Primera Camino.

In 1998 Nissan New Zealand released a limited edition Primera SMX with association with Steve Millen (Stillen Sports Parts). Features include cross drilled brakes, Eibach springs and a more aggressive body kit. There were a total of 24 made in 4 colour choices. This was because until 1998 (due to lifting of import tariffs on cars) Nissan had an automotive assembly operation in New Zealand, and for a short time between 1997 and 1998 the P11 Primera was assembled in Wiri, Auckland.

The 1999 BTCC winning Primera

The Primera won the British Touring Car Championship manufacturers and team titles thanks to RML in 1998 and, in 1999 British Touring Car (P.O.S) backing from the factory took the Independents Cup in 1999 and 2000.

To celebrate the two victories in 1998, Nissan UK released a limited edition of 400 'GTSE' Models, with 16" AZEV alloy wheels, two-tone 'flip' ChromaFlair "Mystic" green paint, following the special theme to the interior which featured full leather seating with green piping seats, steering wheel and a Momo gearknob. To celebrate the 1999 "clean sweep" they released a limited edition 'GTLE' model with 16" multi-spoke Enkei alloy wheels, full leather interior with silver piping, Momo gearknob and a colour choice of flame red, kuro black, starburst silver, and Nordic blue.

Facelift[edit]

Nissan Primera P11-144

In the autumn of 1999, Nissan gave the Primera a facelift, giving it a more modern front end with clear style headlamps featuring projector units—instead of the traditional Fresnel lens type. Nissan also introduced their "corporate identity" front, with the "flying wing" grille. The new code-name for this model was "P11-144".

Along with the exterior changes, improved specification levels were present; with the entry level models such as the "S" featuring automatic climate control, driver, passenger, and side airbags. Further up the model range, other features were seen such as Xenon headlamps.

A new "lean burn" 1.8 L petrol engine, the QG18DE was added to the range. This facelift was not generally applied outside Europe, with Nissan "formalized" the fronts of other Primeras and Caminos instead, bringing them into line with the look of the American Infiniti model.

STCC Edition[edit]

Only 100 of them were made. It had the same engine as the Primera Sport, but it was lowered 25 mm (1.0 in) and had a bigger wing.

P12 (2002–2008)[edit]

P12
Nissan Primera police car in Tallinn, Estonia 2006-08.jpg
Overview
Production 2002–2008
Assembly Sunderland, United Kingdom
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door saloon
5-door hatchback
5-door estate
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,704 mm (106.5 in)
Length 4,481 mm (176.4 in) (saloon, hatchback)
4,631 mm (182.3 in) (estate)
Width 1,747 mm (68.8 in) (saloon, hatchback)
1,745 mm (68.7 in) (estate)
Height 1,372 mm (54.0 in) (saloon, hatchback)
1,391 mm (54.8 in) (estate)

In December 2001, Nissan introduced the third-generation Nissan Primera, its first all-new car since the alliance with Renault was formed two years earlier. The new Primera is more radically styled than previous versions. No Infiniti equivalent was released; the Nissan Skyline-based Infiniti G35 replaced the G20 in the United States.

New Zealand Primeras are all equipped with continuously variable transmission; there is no manual option. In that market Japanese-built sedans and wagons were available, until 2006 when UK assembled hatchbacks and estates were made available. The CVT is also available in the European 2.0 L and the Japanese 2.0/2.5 L (an engine not available in Europe).

Falling sales saw the Primera withdrawn from sale in the RHD, United Kingdom in November 2006, however, production for LHD, Europe was withdrawn during 2008. Production of RHD Primeras continued until the end of 2008 in Japan.

The 2.0 L 6-Speed Manual Nissan Primera 20V has Nissan's SR20VE Neo VVL engine with Variable Valve Lift and Timing. It produces 150 kW (204 PS) of power at 7200 rpm and 206 N·m (21.0 kgf·m) of torque at 5200 rpm.

Length 4565mm (4675 mm estate), Width 1998mm (1760mm excluding mirrors), Height 1482mm, Wheelbase 2680mm, Front track 1520mm, Rear track 1525mm, Gross vehicle weight 1995kg (for estate model), Fuel tank capacity 60L (62L estate), Luggage capacity (seats down) 465L (for estate model), Max loading weight 539kg (for estate model), Maximum roof load 100kg, Minimum kerb weight 1320kg (1536kg estate), Turning circle 11m (11.18m estate) kerb to kerb, Max towing weight 1500kg (braked) or 750kg (unbraked).

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Nissan In Great Britain". Car-cat.com. Retrieved 2010-07-25. 

External links[edit]