Nissan Quest

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Nissan Quest
2011 Nissan Quest SL -- 04-22-2011.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Nissan (2004–present)
Ford Motor Company (1993–2002)
Production Japan:
1992–1998
2010-present
North America:
1992–present
Model years 1993-2002 2004-2009 2010 – present
Body and chassis
Class Minivan
Layout FF layout
Chronology
Predecessor Nissan Axxess
Nissan Vanette
Nissan Largo
Nissan Serena

The Nissan Quest is a minivan manufactured since 1992 by Nissan, and is now in its fourth generation. The first two generations of the Quest were a joint venture with Ford, which marketed a rebadged variant as the Mercury Villager. The vans debuted at the 1992 North American International Auto Show in Detroit.

Both vehicles were initially powered by the 3.0 L Nissan VG30E V6 until 1998, when the Quest received the 3.3 L version of the same engine and a few minor updates, including a driver side sliding door, and grille and rear redesigns. The Quest was later completely redesigned for 2004, while the Villager was discontinued and replaced with the Freestar-based Mercury Monterey. The third generation model was built on the FF-L platform, which it shares with the Altima, Maxima, Teana, and Murano. It also shares the award-winning 3.5 L VQ engine with those cars. The fourth generation model is built on the same platform as the 2011 Nissan Elgrand.

Like the Mercury Villager, all 1993-2002 Quests were designed with free-wheeling, non-interference engines, which means that in the event of a complete engine failure in the course of driving, the driver will still have braking and steering power.[1] As well, if the timing belt were to break, the non-interference engine design would prevent any pistons from damaging any valves.

First generation (1992–1998)[edit]

First generation
93-95 Nissan Quest.jpg
Overview
Also called Mercury Villager
Production April 14, 1992 – 1998
Model years 1993 – 1998
Assembly Nissan Motor Manufacturing Corporation U.S.A. (NMMC)
Ford's Ohio Assembly, Avon Lake, Ohio
Designer Thomas Semple (1989)
Body and chassis
Body style 3-door minivan
Platform Ford VX54 platform (1992–2002)
Powertrain
Engine 3.0 L VG30E V6
Transmission 4-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 112.2 in (2,850 mm)
Length 189.9 in (4,823 mm)
Width 73.7 in (1,872 mm)
Height 67.5 in (1,714 mm) (Cargo)
65.6 in (1,666 mm) (1993-95 XE)
68 in (1,727 mm) (GXE & 1996-98 XE)

In 1987, Ford and Nissan entered a joint agreement to develop an all-new vehicle to compete in the minivan segment scheduled for 1991. Development officially began later that year under the codename VX54, with the final designs being chosen in 1989. Prototypes went into initial testing in 1990 at Ford and Nissan test tracks, later real-world testing throughout 1991, with development concluding at the end of that year. On January 6, 1992, the 1993 Nissan Quest was unveiled at the North American International Auto Show in Detroit. Unusually, its design patents were subsequently filed by design chief Thomas H. Semple for Nissan Motor Co. on March 5, 1992 rather than in advance of its introduction.

The very first Nissan Quest rolled off the production line on April 14, 1992 at the Avon, Ohio plant sourced from Japanese production. While assembly took place at Ohio Assembly, initial production began in Japan and later at NMMC that August. NMMC production began in June 1992 on the main body components, with engine assembly beginning in August. The Quest was launched in September 1992 and sold 1,358 units during its first month.[2][3][4][5][6][7][8] The Quest was a successor to the Axxess, which was sold in the United States only in 1990 (ended production in 1989) and in Canada from 1990-1995. It also replaced the rear-wheel drive Vanette, also discontinued in 1990. The Quest was initially powered by Nissan's 3.0 L VG30E SOHC engine that made 151 hp (113 kW) and 182 lb·ft (247 N·m).

Ford required that Nissan make some design changes to the VG30E before they would agree to use it in the Villager and Quest. Changes included the addition of an oil level sensor and relocating the oil filter assembly for better access. The engine was also modified for the Quest and Villager to become a non-interference design: if the timing belt were to break, the pistons wouldn't come in contact with any open valves in the cylinders. The Quest was available as XE or GXE models. Because of manufacturing issues, Nissan had an arrangement for Ford to assemble the minivan in North America, and in turn they were allowed to rebadge it and sell it under the Mercury brand as the Villager. Many of the interior parts, including the radio, heater controls and power windows controls were adapted from Ford, and were similar to the Ford Aerostar. This generation of the Quest and Villager was built at Ford's Ohio Assembly plant in Avon Lake, Ohio. The van shared the modified version of the VG30E from the U11, and early J30 Maximas, as well as the 4-speed automatic transmission from the Maxima. The Quest/Villager engine seems to have a serious flaw in the crankshaft, as they break at the front stub. Nissan increased the diameter from 25 to 27 mm around 1995.

1996-1998 Nissan Quest

Seating was for 7, with a removable 2-seater bench in the middle, allowing the third row bench of 3 seats to slide up (either folded up for more room or down for passengers) behind the front for more rear cargo room. The third row seat was not removable however, and the system was not improved in the 1999 redesign (on which the model wouldn't be sold in Canada anymore), so newer fold into the floor seats and lightweight buckets quickly eclipsed the system. In 1993, a driver's side airbag was made standard after early customer requests were made prior to the Quest's launch. A passenger airbag was later added in 1995 for the 1996 model year. That year saw the introduction of changes to the front and rear fascias, as well as headlights and tail lamps and the elimination of the motorized shoulder belts.

The headlamp assembly for 1996-1998 Quests will fit into 1993-1995 Quests. The only modification required is to the switch the low-beam (center pin) and ground pins on the light bulb socket. The newer assembly will also use the brighter 9007 bulb with ~1000 lumens vs ~700 of the 9004 bulb.

Second generation (1998–2002)[edit]

Second generation
2nd Nissan Quest.jpg
Overview
Also called Mercury Villager
Production August 1998–June 2002
Assembly Avon Lake, Ohio, United States
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door minivan
Platform Ford VX54 platform (1992–2002)
Powertrain
Engine 3.3 L VG33E V6
Transmission 4-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 112.2 in (2,850 mm)
Length 194.6 in (4,943 mm) (2001-02)
194.8 in (4,948 mm) (1999-2000)
Width 74.9 in (1,902 mm)
Height 64.2 in (1,631 mm)
67.3 in (1,709 mm)

For 1999, the Quest was thoroughly redesigned at Nissan Design America in San Diego, California under Diane Allen, during 1994 and early 1996.[9] The exterior was given a more aerodynamic look, and the driver's side sliding door was added (it had been absent in the 3-door Quests from 1993–98). The Quest also got a power boost via the 3.3 L VG33E SOHC engine, making 171 hp (128 kW) and 200 lb·ft (270 N·m) of torque. With the new 3.3 liter engine, the 1999 Nissan Quest had a 0-60 mph acceleration time of 11.1 seconds.[10] The XE trim was discontinued and the GXE was moved as the base model. Two new trim levels were also introduced: the top of the line GLE and the sport model SE. This Nissan Quest model became the first Nissan minivan with 4 doors since the 1995 Nissan Axxess.

The 2000 Nissan Quest was tested in a competition organized by Car and Driver against the Chevrolet Venture, Toyota Sienna, Mazda MPV, and Chrysler Voyager. The Quest placed fourth out of the five minivans tested; the editors cited a lengthy braking distance of 220 feet from 70 mph and inflexible seating configurations (the third row seat was not removable) as downsides, while the Quest's performance and nimble handling were cited as advantages over its competitors.[11]

2001-2002 Nissan Quest GLE

In August 2000, the 2001 Quest received various minor improvements. Styling front and rear was updated, along with new alloy wheels on all models. The entry-level GXE gained a rear stabilizer bar, while the SE received acceleration-sensitive strut valving and a strut tower brace. New interior gauges and fabrics as well as a 130-watt sound system were standard on SE and GLE. Luxury GLE models also received an in-dash six-CD changer and a wood and leather-trimmed steering wheel. An optional overhead family entertainment system replaced the former floor-mounted model, though it could still be specified for SEs and GLEs equipped with a sunroof. Front seatbelts were given pretensioners. The 2001 Quest was also slightly longer, with more cargo space than the initial models. The 2002 Nissan Quest was not sold in Canada. The Quest would not return to Canada until the third generation model arrived in 2003.

The overall reliability of the 1999-2002 generation Nissan Quest was not proportionally better or worse than the previous generation of Quests, although the factory-made distributor was notorious for its defects.[12] The 99-02 Quests used optical distributors whose cam sensors were especially prone to failure.[13] A Yahoo! Group for Quest and Villager owners has come to a consensus that the Rich Porter NS60 distributor, which is compatible with '99-02 Quests and Villagers as well as with '96-04 Nissan Pathfinders,[14] is less likely to fail than its factory-made counterpart.

By the end of this generation, both Honda and Toyota marketed solely long-wheelbase minivans. In 2001, Automotive News reported that 29,232 Nissan Quests were sold, representing a 32% decrease from the previous year.[15] No Quest models were marketed for the 2003 model year.

Third generation (2003–2009)[edit]

Third generation
3rd-Nissan-Quest.jpg
Overview
Production May 27, 2003–2009
Model years 2004 – 2009
Assembly Canton, Mississippi, United States
Designer Alfonso Albaisa (2000)[16]
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door minivan
Platform Nissan FF-L platform
Related Nissan Altima
Nissan Maxima
Nissan Murano
Nissan Teana
Powertrain
Engine 3.5 L VQ35DE V6
Transmission 4-speed automatic
5-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 124.0 in (3,150 mm)
Length 204.1 in (5,184 mm)
Width 77.6 in (1,971 mm)
Height 70.0 in (1,778 mm) (2004-06)
71.9 in (1,826 mm) (2007-2009)

Development began in 1999 on the V42 alongside a proposed Ford replacement. In 2000, decisions were made by Ford and Nissan to abandon the joint venture, as both the Windstar and Quest replacements were in initial development and the design process. As a result Ford made plans to build a Mercury variant on the Windstar (WIN-96) successor's platform due in 2003 and Nissan on the Altima and Maxima platform. The design by Alfonso Albaisa was chosen in late 2000, with a concept vehicle being presented in January 2002 at NAIAS as a thinly veiled preview. Design patents were filed on December 27, 2002 and registered under D483,297 December 9, 2003. The production third generation Quest was unveiled for the 2004 model year at the 2003 North American International Auto Show using the Nissan Altima and Nissan Maxima platform, Nissan's FF-L platform, in a package slightly longer than the Chrysler long-wheelbase minivans. Production was moved to a new plant in Canton, Mississippi and started on May 27, 2003.[17]

The Quest is powered by the oft-used 3.5 L VQ35DE engine from the Maxima, Altima, and others. The 2004 Quest recorded a 0-60 mph acceleration time of 8.8 seconds.[10] In the Quest, it produces 240 hp (179 kW) and 242 lb·ft (328 N·m) of torque. The Quest has a flat folding rear bench and the two middle chairs fold nearly flat into the floor. The interior volume is 211.9 cubic feet (6.00 m3).

The third generation Quest features an unusual moonroof glass arrangement, and positions for 2 DVD screens with aux input, when the VHS shaped IWCC Xl systemn was discontinued. Also featured in the SE model were side front airbags, curtain airbags for all rows, VSC (Vehicle Stability Control), Traction Control, dual power doors and power rear hatch, Bose audio with RDS and folding second row seats, dual climate control, and rear backup sensors. Nissan redesigned the front grille and the dashboard for the 2007 model. They also moved the DVD player from under the front passenger seat to the IP stack.

The Quest did not return for the 2010 model year, with Nissan stating that the automaker needed room at the Canton plant for production of a commercial vehicle based on the Nissan NV2000 concept.[18]

The Quest suffered from various quality issues in the 2004 model year. Most were addressed near the end of that model by an engineering team sent from Japan to help with the new plant in Canton. Vehicles already sold here fixed by dealers with many Technical Service Bulletins. Also produced in this plant were the Nissan Titan and Infiniti QX56, which also had various quality issues in the first year.

National Sales figures

2003 - 23,170 (From remaining 2002 & 2004 model early sales)

2004 - 46,430

2005 - 40,357

2006 - 31,905

2007 - 28,590

2008 - 18,743

2009 - 8,564

Fourth generation (2010-present)[edit]

Fourth Generation
2011 Nissan Quest LE -- 12-22-2010.jpg
Overview
Also called Nissan Elgrand (2010-) (Japan)
Production December 2010- present
Model years 2011 – present
Assembly Shatai, Kyūshū, Japan
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door minivan
Layout FF layout
Platform Nissan D platform
Related Nissan Altima
Nissan Maxima
Nissan Murano
Nissan Teana
Nissan Elgrand
Nissan Largo
Powertrain
Engine VQ35DE 3.5L V6
Transmission Continuously Variable Transmission
Dimensions
Wheelbase 118.1 in (3,000 mm)
Length 200.8 in (5,100 mm)
Width 77.6 in (1,971 mm)
Height 71.5 in (1,816 mm)
Rear view of 2010 Quest SV.

The fourth generation Quest has been built at the Shatai, Kyūshū plant in Japan since 2010. The design was based on the Nissan Forum concept. The platform is shared with the current generation Nissan Elgrand.[19] It is powered by Nissan's 3.5L VQ series engine with 260 hp (194 kW). Front wheel drive is standard, and the USDM version has an extra full 5 inches (13 cm) of width to avoid[why?] the tall skinny look of Japanese vans. The Quest went on sale in North America in early 2011 as a 2011 model.[18][20] Nissan provided five teaser images of the 2011 Quest revealing the exterior and interior.[21]

In Japan, the Elgrand competes with the Toyota Alphard and the Honda Elysion, whereas in the American and Canadian markets, the Quest competes with the Kia Carnival, Toyota Sienna, and the North American Honda Odyssey. The 2011 Nissan Quest was unveiled at the 2010 Los Angeles International Auto Show.[citation needed]

Marketing[edit]

To promote its release in China, the Quest was used as a free airport escort service vehicle at Beijing Nanyuan Airport and Beijing Capital International Airport for visitors travelling from those airports.[22]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1] Quest and Villager Owners Yahoo! Group
  2. ^ http://articles.chicagotribune.com/1987-05-04/business/8702020971_1_ford-and-nissan-mini-van-smyrna-plant
  3. ^ http://articles.orlandosentinel.com/1989-12-07/topic/8912062887_1_aerostar-minivan-mercury
  4. ^ http://articles.chicagotribune.com/1991-02-10/business/9101120827_1_general-motors-corp-new-front-drive-mercury-villager
  5. ^ http://www.google.com/patents/USD347198
  6. ^ http://www.thefreelibrary.com/NISSAN+QUEST+PRODUCTION+BEGINS-a012048048
  7. ^ http://www.autointell.com/asian_companies/nissan/nissan-facilities/nissan-us-facilities.htm
  8. ^ http://www.thefreelibrary.com/NISSAN'S+ALTIMA+AND+QUEST+LAUNCH+FULL+SPEED+AHEAD+WITH+STRONG...-a012619058
  9. ^ [2] The New York Times: BEHIND THE WHEEL/1999 Nissan Quest; Growth Spurt for a Mini Mini-Van - by Michelle Krebs - August 9, 1998
  10. ^ a b Zero to 60 Times. "Nissan 0-60 Times". 
  11. ^ [3] Car and Driver: Chevrolet Venture vs. Nissan Quest, Mazda MPV, Toyota Sienna, Chrysler Voyager (Page 3) - by Patrick Beard - November 2000
  12. ^ [4] Car Problem Reports: Nissan Quest - No Start, Engine Stalls
  13. ^ [5] Youtube: Nissan Distributor Cam Sensor Fault - by Real Fixes Real Fast (English) March 18, 2012
  14. ^ [6] Amazon.com - Customer Review: Richporter Technology NS60 distributor
  15. ^ [7] Cars.com: 2002 Nissan Quest Review - by Jim Flammang
  16. ^ http://www.google.com/patents/USD483297?dq=toy+replica+automobile+automobile+and+toy&hl=en&sa=X&ei=eHmJUeX1N8bZ0QHqnID4BQ&ved=0CCgQ6AEwBDgK
  17. ^ http://www.autofieldguide.com/articles/infiniti-goes-big
  18. ^ a b "Nissan Says No Quest for 2010 – Automotive News & Car Rumors at Automobile Magazine". Rumors.automobilemag.com. Retrieved 2010-05-10. 
  19. ^ "Next Generation Nissan Quest (R42H) be share New Elgrand (J42H) body Component » Codename, Nissan, QuestElgrand, developingBoth, Shahai, Plant". Autoincar. 2009-07-31. Retrieved 2010-05-10. 
  20. ^ "Teased: Nissan Quest". Insideline.com. 2010-03-30. Retrieved 2010-05-10. "The 2011 Nissan Lineup: Charting the Changes". Nissan News. 2010-06-21. Retrieved 2010-06-22. 
  21. ^ "LA Live: 2011 Nissan Quest makes world debut, pricing announced". Leftlanenews.com. Retrieved 2010-11-20. 
  22. ^ 东风日产推出新贵士机场免费接送服务

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]