Nissan Skyline

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Nissan Skyline
Nissan Skyline R34 GT-R Nür 001.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Prince
Nissan
Production 1957–present
Body and chassis
Class Compact (1957–1989)
Sport compact/Midsize (1989–2002)
Compact executive car (2003–present)
Chronology
Predecessor Prince Sedan (1952-1957)

The Nissan Skyline (スカイライン in Japanese) is a line of compact cars, sports cars and compact executive cars originally produced by the Prince Motor Company starting in 1955, and then by Nissan after the two companies merged in 1966. After the merger, the Skyline and its larger counterpart, the Nissan Gloria, were sold in Japan at dealership sales channels called Nissan Prince Shop.

The Skyline was largely designed and engineered by Shinichiro Sakurai from inception, and he remained a chief influence of the car until his death in 2011.

Skylines are available in either coupé, or sedan body styles, plus station wagon, crossover, convertible and pickup/sedan delivery body styles. The later models are most commonly known by their trademark round brake and tail lights (as of 1972). While not distributed in the United States until its importation as the Infiniti G, the Skyline's prominence in video games, movies and magazines resulted in many such cars being imported there from 1989 to late 2005 via Motorex.[1] The majority of Skyline models are rear-wheel drive, with four-wheel drive being available since the eighth-generation's debut.

The 11th-generation Skyline (V35) was another major turning point for the nameplate, as it dropped some of the previous generation Skyline's trademark characteristics such as the straight-6 engine (replaced with a V6) and turbocharging, and eventually separated the GT-R into its own line. Nissan decided to retain the Skyline for the luxury-sport market, while its platform-mate, the 350Z, revived the Z line of pure sports cars.[2] The V35 was the first Skyline made for export to North America, being sold under Nissan's luxury marque Infiniti as the G35. The Skyline (V36/J50) is sold in Europe, North America, South Korea, Taiwan, and the Middle East as the Infiniti G37.

On April 11, 2010 a Guinness book of records event took place with 225 Skylines taking part in a parade lap at the ISTS at Silverstone UK which produced two World records the first being the most recorded Nissan Skylines at one meet at one time and another being the Most Nissan Skylines on a track at the same time.

Nissan Skyline Logo

Contents

Prince Skyline ALSID-1/ALSID-2/BLRA-3[edit]

Prince Skyline ALSID-1/ALSID-2/BLRA-3
Prince Skyline ALSI-1 001.jpg
Overview
Production
  • 1957–1963
  • 33,759 units sold
Assembly Mitaka, Japan
Designer
Body and chassis
Body style
Layout FR layout
Related
Powertrain
Engine
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,535 mm (99.8 in)
Length 4,280 mm (168.5 in)
Width 1,675 mm (65.9 in)
Height 1,535 mm (60.4 in)
Curb weight ~1,300 kg (~2900 lb)
Chronology
Predecessor Prince Sedan

ALSID-1[edit]

The first Skyline was introduced in April 1957,[4] by the Prince Motor Company, and was marketed as a luxury car. It featured a 1.5 L (1,482 cc) GA-30 engine producing 44 kW (60 hp) at 4,400 rpm.[5] It used a de Dion tube rear suspension and was capable of 140 km/h (87 mph). The car weighed around 1,300 kg. Prince Skylines were produced as four-door sedans and five-door station wagons. Its appearance seems to be influenced by a popular luxury car during the same time period, called the Oldsmobile 88. Reflecting popular appearances found in North America, the Skyline used a styling feature on the front bumper, called "Dagmar bumpers".

The Skyline also spawned a pickup truck and a delivery van marketed as the Prince Skyway.

ALSID-2[edit]

Prince Skyline ALSI-2

The Skyline was updated with quad headlights for 1958. It was again facelifted in February 1960.[6]

This model was powered by a slightly altered 1.5 litre OHV engine known as the GA-4 (1,484 cc) producing about 70 PS (51 kW) at 4,800 rpm and was produced through 193 . A 1,862 cc engine was also available in the Skyline 1900 (BLSID-3/BLSIS-3), delivering 91 PS (67 kW) at 4,800 rpm. This version was introduced in May 1961 and continued in production until the introduction of the second generation Skyline in 1963 In 1962, this model was restyled as the S21D/S series.

BLRA-3 (R21A/B)[edit]

Prince Skyline Sport BLRA-3

The Skyline Sport featured hand-built Michelotti bodies in stylish coupe (R21A) and convertible (R21B) versions. These cars used the 1.9 L (1,862 cc/113 cu in) GB-30 engine, producing 96 hp (72 kW) and 113.5 ft·lbf (154 Nm). While only a few hundred were built, Prince Motors had a very aggressive product placement group and they can be seen (along the company's mainstream models) in many Toho films of the early 1960s.

S50/S54/S57[edit]

S50/S54/S57
Prince Skyline S50 1500 Deluxe 001.jpg
Prince Skyline 1500 DeLuxe S50D-1
Overview
Also called
  • Prince Skyline[3]
  • Prince A150[3]
  • PMC-Mikado A150[7]
  • Nissan A150[3]
  • Prince A200GT[3]
  • Nissan A200GT[3]
Production
  • 1963–1968
  • 114,238 units sold
Assembly Musashimurayama, Japan
Designer Shinichiro Sakurai
Body and chassis
Body style
Layout FR layout
Related
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,590 mm (102.0 in)
Length
  • 3,990–4,100 mm (157.1–161.4 in) (S50/S56/S57)
  • 4,255 mm (167.5 in) (S54)
Width 1,495 mm (58.9 in)
Height
  • 1,435 mm (56.5 in) (S50/S56/S57)
  • 1,410 mm (55.5 in) (S54)
Curb weight 960–1,070 kg (2,120–2,360 lb)

S50[edit]

In 1961 Fuji Precision Industries changed its name to Prince after the 1954 merger. Two years later, in September 1963, the S50 Skyline Deluxe series was launched.[8] Like its predecessor, it came in sedan and wagon bodystyles. This was the second generation car, and became one of the more desirable cars in Japan. It was powered by the G-1 engine,[5] a 70 PS (51 kW) version of the old GA-4. The S50 series were available with a three-speed column shift transmission, or a four-speed floor shift transmission from February 1965 (Deluxe only), either as a four-door sedan (S50) or a five-door wagon (W50). A two-speed automatic option was added to the Deluxe in June 1966. The lower priced and equipped Standard model was added in April 1964; aiming at taxi operators and others it also lacked bumper overriders, making it 11 cm shorter. Two main models of the S50 were built: the S50 (1963–1966) and the lightly facelifted S50-2 (1966–1967). These all used the same engine, with the later S57 receiving a more modern unit. In Japan its market position was refocused as a competitor to the Datsun Bluebird and the Toyota Corona.

Externally, this generation was installed with rounded brake lights and integrated tail lights, with a centrally installed turn signal, similar in appearance to the Ford Galaxie of 1960. The significant appearance change from the previous generation seems to reflect a similar approach done by German company BMW in 1962, in deciding to build a small, affordable, performance coupe and sedan.

The S50 was sold in some markets with an A150 designation. In European markets (and other export markets), it was also marketed as the PMC-Mikado A150.[7] The S50 was also sold as the A190D, which was equipped with a 55 PS (40 kW) 1.9 liter diesel engine. This model had sparse equipment, including a simplified, pressed-steel grille. In Europe, period testers commented on the car's compact size (more like a 1.0 than a 1.5) and its sprightly performance, in large part due to the extremely low gearing.[9] The car's ample lighting was also noted, offering twin headlights, a bevy of warning lamps, numerous engine room light fittings, etcetera.[10] Also lauded were the cars road manners, as evident by the six-cylinder Skyline's competition successes.[9]

The commercial model Nissan Prince Skyline 1500 Van DeLuxe V51B (formerly known as Prince Skyway 1500” until October 1966)

In 1966, Nissan and Prince merged and the S50 also appeared with Nissan Prince Skyline badging. This model lasted in production through 1967. In October 1966, the S50-2 was introduced. This light facelift included a new grille and taillights, as well as changes to the interior, and with the addition of an extraction vent on the C-pillar.[11] It was sold as Prince Skyline, Prince A150, PMC A150, or Nissan A150, depending on the market. All "Prince" dealership locations were added to the existing Nissan/Datsun Japanese dealerships, while retaining the Prince name to become Nissan Prince Store.

S54[edit]

S54 Skyline 2000GT

Prince created a racing GT Skyline in May 1964. It was based on the S54 and used the larger six-cylinder G-7 engine from the Gloria S41, though the car needed a 200 mm (8 in) extension to the wheelbase (all forward of the cowl/firewall) to provide space in the engine bay for the lankier in-line six. When it entered the second Japanese Grand prix they hoped to win the GT-II class. Competitive against the Porsche 904, the Skyline managed second through to sixth places.

Largely due to the success of the race vehicle, the Prince Skyline 2000GT (also called GT-A, GT-B, S54A and S54B) was released to the Japanese market. There were two versions produced:[5]

  • S54A – 1,988 cc G-7 single-carb I6, 105 PS (77 kW)
  • S54B – 1,988 cc G-7 triple-carb I6, 125 PS (92 kW) at 5,600 rpm[8]

The B model featured three Weber 40DCOE-18 carburetors, a limited slip differential, five-speed close ratio manual transmission, and power brakes. Both the B and A used front disc brakes with dual pistons and alloy finned drums in the rear.

S57[edit]

Nissan Prince Skyline 1500 DeLuxe S57 (1967)

The S50 Skyline was updated to become the S57 in August 1967.[8] It used a new engine of Prince's (designed before the merger with Nissan), the OHC 1.5 L (1483 cc) G15. At 88 PS (65 kW), it was the most-powerful engine in the Japanese 1500 cc class.

C10[edit]

C10
Nissan Skyline C10 001.jpg
Overview
Production
  • 1968–1972
  • 310,447 units sold
Assembly Musashimurayama, Japan
Designer Shinichiro Sakurai
Body and chassis
Body style
Layout FR layout
Related Nissan Laurel
Powertrain
Engine
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,640 mm (103.9 in) (sedan)
Length 4,430 mm (174.4 in) (sedan)
Width 1,595 mm (62.8 in)
Height 1,405 mm (55.3 in) (sedan)

The C10 series of 1968, which began its development under Prince at the company's Ogikubo R&D centre in the suburbs of Tokyo, was marketed with a Nissan badge. By the time the C10 went on sale, the Prince nameplate had been completely phased out on cars and trucks. The dealer network selling the cars became the Prince channel of Nissan, and the marketing group stayed at the Prince headquarters in Mita instead of moving to Nissan's headquarters in Ginza. The C10 Skyline was launched with Prince's 1.5 L OHC G15 I4 like the S57. A 1.8 L G18 version was also available. A station wagon variant, known previously as the Prince Skyway, was offered with this generation. A hardtop coupé was introduced in October 1970.

The brake- and tail-lights were modified to square units, but now included dual units for both the left and right side of the vehicle. As the Skyline was now a Nissan product, it was repositioned above the Bluebird as a more sport-oriented sedan and coupe, while the Bluebird remained more economical.

2000GT-X[edit]

Skyline 2000 GT-X (sedan)

In 1971, the KGC10 2000 GT-X received a 2.0 L (1,998 cc) L20 straight-six engine instead of the Prince G-7 engine. The chassis was already designed to fit a straight six, to avoid the S54 extension problem. 120 PS (88 kW) was available from this new engine. In March 1972 expanded the lineup to include a four-door GT-X sedan.

2000GT[edit]

The following year, the GC10 2000GT received a 2.0 L (1998 cc) L20 I6 engine like the Nissan Cedric instead of a Prince G-7 engine. The chassis was already designed to receive a straight six, to avoid the S54 extension problem. 105 hp (78 kW) was available from this new engine, in 1970 Nissan production Skyline 2000GT Automatic, in October 1970 Nissan introduced 2 Door Coupe.

GT-R[edit]

Nissan Skyline KPGC10 GT-X (L20 engine)

The first GT-R Skyline appeared in February 1969.[12] Called the PGC-10 (KPGC-10 for later coupé version) internally and Hakosuka (ハコスカ) by fans. Hako (ハコ) means Box in Japanese, and suka(スカ) is short for Skyline (スカイライン; Sukairain). It used the 2.0 L (1998 cc) S20 I6. This new DOHC engine (which was designed by the former Prince engineers) produced 160 hp (118 kW, 180 N m), and was similar to the GR8 engine used in the Prince R380 racing car.

Rear view of 71' Skyline GT-X

The GT-R began as a sedan, but a 2-door coupé version was debuted in October 1970 and introduced in March 1971. The cars were stripped of unnecessary equipment to be as light as possible for racing, and performed well at the track. The sedan racked up 33 victories in less than two years, and the coupé stretched this to 50 through 1972.[12]

The C10 raced against many cars including the Toyota Corona 1600GT (RT55), Isuzu Bellett GTR, Mazda Familia (R100) & Capella (RX-2) – even Porsche. In late 1971 the new Mazda RX-3 became the GT-R's main rival. The GT-R managed a few more victories before the RX-3 ended the GT-R's winning streak.

Models:

  • 1500 – 1.5 L G-15 I4, 88 hp (71 kW, 128 N m)
  • 1500 – 1.5 L G-15 I4, 95 hp (71 kW, 128 N m)
  • 1800 – 1.8 L G-18 I4, 105 hp (78 kW, 150 N m)
  • 2000GT – 2.0 L L20 I6, 120 hp (90 kW, 167 N m)
  • 2000GT-R – 2.0 L S20 I6, 160 hp (118 kW, 180 N m)

Body styles[edit]

  • C-10 4-door sedan or 5-door wagon 1968
  • GC-10 4-door 2000GT 1969
  • PGC-10 4-door GT-R Skyline 1969
  • KPGC-10 2 Door GT-R Skyline 1970
  • KGC-10 2000GT-X 2-door 1971
  • KGC-10 2000GT-X 4-door 1972
  • HGLC10 2000/2400GT 4-door Left Hand Drive


C110[edit]

C110
Japanese NISSAN Skyline C110.jpg
Overview
Also called Datsun 160K
Datsun 180K
Datsun 240K
Production 1972–1977
670,562 units sold
Assembly Musashimurayama, Japan
Designer Shinichiro Sakurai
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door sedan
2-door coupe
5-door station wagon
Layout FR layout
Related Nissan Laurel
Powertrain
Engine 1.6 L G16 OHC I4
1.8 L G18 OHC I4
2.0 L L20B OHC I4
2.0 L L20A OHC I6
2.0 L S20 DOHC I6 (GT-R)
2.4 L L24 OHC I6
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,610 mm (102.8 in)
Length 4,460 mm (175.6 in)
Width 1,625 mm (64.0 in)
Height 1,395 mm (54.9 in)
C110 Nissan Skyline 2000GT

The C110 generation was produced from 1972 through 1977.

For export in the 1970s, the C110 and GC110 Skyline was sold as the Datsun K-series, with models such as the Datsun 160K, 180K and Datsun 240K.

The body styles were, once again, four-door sedan, two-door hardtop coupé, and five-door station wagon. The C110 was more fussy in its styling than its predecessor, particularly so in wagon form, where unusually for a wagon design, no windows were fitted between the C and D pillars. Its appearance seems to be influenced by the 1970–1975 Citroën SM. The C110 was the first version to return to the round rear tail and brake lights introduced in 1963 albeit with dual units from the previous generation, and the appearance has become a traditional Skyline feature. The styling also influenced a smaller, more affordable two-door coupe, called the Silvia, introduced in 1975. Nissan introduced its emission control technology, primarily consisting of fuel injection on trim packages ending with an "E", using the moniker Nissan NAPS also in 1975.

The C110 Skyline was better known as the "Ken & Mary" or "Kenmeri" (ケンメリ) Skyline, stemming from the advertisement campaign in Japan at the time which featured a young couple (Ken and Mary) who relaxed and enjoyed the countryside in Ken and Mary's Skyline (ケンとメリーのスカイライン). The ads were highly successful and perhaps as a result the C110 was sold in very large numbers in Japan. It sold just as well in Australia (in a 2.4L 6-cylinder form, badged as "Datsun 240K"), though few survive today. There, the 240K was about the same price as a Ford Falcon GT or BMW 5 series, around $5000.

GT-R[edit]

C110 Nissan Skyline Hardtop 2000 GTX-E ( KGC111 )

The Nissan Skyline GT-R hardtop arrived in September 1972 but only lasted until March 1973, when Nissan ceased its production. The oil crisis saw many people preferring economy cars and high-performance sports cars were looked down upon. Nissan pulled out of Motor Racing, so there was no purpose to the GT-R. It was not officially exported anywhere, although Nissan contemplated exporting to Australia. Only 197 KPGC110 GT-Rs were ever sold in Japan,[13] through specialist Nissan Performance shops (before it was called NISMO). This was the last GT-R for 16 years until the BNR32 in 1989.

Models:

  • 1600 – 1.6 L G16 I4
  • 1800 – 1.8 L G18 I4
  • 2000GT-X – 2.0 L L20A I6, 130 hp (96 kW, 172 N m)
  • 2000GT-R – 2.0 L S20 I6, 160 hp (118 kW, 180 N m)


C210[edit]

C210
Nissan Skyline C211 2000 GT-EL 001.jpg
Overview
Also called Skyline Japan
Datsun 180K/240K/280K
Datsun Skyline
Production 1977–1981
539,727 units sold
Assembly Musashimurayama, Japan
Designer Shinichiro Sakurai
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door sedan
2-door coupé
5-door station wagon
Layout FR layout
Related Nissan Laurel
Powertrain
Engine 1,595 cc L16T I4
1,595 cc Z16S I4
1,770 cc L18T/L18E I4
1,770 cc Z18/Z18E I4
1,952 cc Z20E I4
1,998 cc L20E I6
1,998 cc L20ET turbo I6
2,393 cc L24/L24E I6
1,952 cc LD20 diesel I4
2,792 cc LD28 diesel I6
Transmission 3-speed automatic
3-speed manual
4-speed manual
5-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,515 mm (99.0 in) (C210/211)
2,615 mm (103.0 in) (GC210/211)
Length 4,315 mm (169.9 in) (Wagon)
4,400 mm (173.2 in) (C210/211)
4,600 mm (181.1 in) (GC210/211)
Width 1,625 mm (64.0 in)
Height 1,385–1,425 mm (54.5–56.1 in)

The succeeding C210/211 and GC210/211 of 1977 continued to split the Skyline range into basic and six-cylinder models, the latter with a longer wheelbase and front end. This line continued through 1981. A rare variant would be the wagon version, which had a unique styling treatment behind the rear doors, of a much smaller window than usual between the C and D pillars. The Skyline received an internal and external facelift in late 1978,[14] which led to a change of the model code from 210 to 211. This was also when the Skyline first appeared in several European export markets, such as Germany.[15]

C210 2000 GT-EX Skyline.

The GT-EX replaced the discontinued GT-R with a turbocharged engine, the L20ET. As installed in the recently renewed Nissan Cedric/Gloria, this had been the first turbo engine to power a Japanese production vehicle.[16] One notable aspect of the turbo versions was that they were not intercooled and there was no form of blowoff valve, only an emergency pressure release valve. As usual with Japanese cars of this period, there were four- or five-speed manuals and a three-speed automatic, with a column-shifted three-speed manual available on lower end cars and vans.[14]

C211 Nissan Skyline 2000 GT-EX (Hardtop)

The "T" designation on the L16T and L18T does not signify a turbocharger was included; it denotes that those engines came with twin carburetors. The L-series engines were all switched to the cross-flow Z-series in late 1978. The larger 2.4 litre inline-six was never offered in the domestic Japanese market; having been reserved for export. Export engines were rated in DIN horsepower, so while a Japanese-spec L24 promised 130 ponies, European market cars with the same engine only claimed 113 PS (83 kW). On the other hand, European buyers could also get the fuel injected L24E with 127 or 130 PS (93 or 96 kW) DIN, about on par with what the turbocharged GT-EX offered.[17][18] Originally marketed as the Datsun 240K-GT in Europe, the fuel injected version was sold as the Datsun Skyline in most markets where it was available. It has a claimed top speed of 186 km/h (116 mph).[15]

In June 1980 the two-liter, fuel injected inline-four Z20E engine was added to the lineup, as was the 2.8 liter straight-six GT-Diesel with 91 PS (67 kW).

Models:

  • 1600TI – 1.6 L Z16 I4, 95 PS (70 kW), 13.5 kg·m (132 N·m)
  • 1800TI – 1.8 L Z18 I4, 105 PS (77 kW), 15.0 kg·m (147 N·m) - the similar L18 received a claimed 77 PS (57 kW) DIN in European export markets.[17]
  • 1800TI-EL – 1.8 L Z18E I4, 115 PS (85 kW), 15.5 kg·m (152 N·m)
  • 2000GT-EL – 2.0 L L20E I6, 130 PS (96 kW), 17.0 kg·m (167 N·m)
  • 2000GT-EX – 2.0 L L20ET turbo I6, 145 PS (107 kW), 21.0 kg·m (206 N·m)
  • Datsun 240K-GT – 2.4 L L24 I6, 113 PS (83 kW) DIN, 18.0 kg·m (177 N·m), 180 km/h (110 mph), 0–100 km/h in 13.5 s.[19]


R30[edit]

R30
Nissan Skyline R30 2000 RS Turbo-C 001.JPG
Overview
Also called Newman Skyline
Production 1981–1985
406,432 units sold
Assembly Musashimurayama, Japan
Designer Shinichiro Sakurai
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door sedan
2-door coupe
5-door hatchback
5-door station wagon
Layout FR layout
Related Nissan Laurel
Nissan Leopard
Powertrain
Engine 1,770 cc Z18S I4
1,809 cc CA18E I4
1,952 cc Z20E I4
1,990 cc FJ20E DOHC I4
1,990 cc FJ20ET DOHC turbo I4
1,998 cc L20E I6
1,998 cc L20ET turbo I6
2,393 cc L24E I6
2,753 cc L28E I6
2,792 cc LD28 diesel I6
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,615 mm (103.0 in)
Length 4,620 mm (181.9 in)
Width 1,675 mm (65.9 in)
Height 1,385 mm (54.5 in)
R30 EX Skyline
1981–1983 Nissan Skyline (R30) 2.4E sedan (Australia)

The names were brought into line with the home Japanese and worldwide markets with the launch of the R30 series in August 1981, which was built on a C31 Laurel platform. Unlike preceding generations, four- and six-cylinder versions now shared a front end of the same length. The R30 was available as a two-door hardtop coupe, a four-door sedan, a five-door hatchback (available only in the R30 generation), or a four-door station wagon. In all, there were 26 variations of the R30 Skyline available.

All versions with the exception of the wagon were usually fitted with the four round tail lights that had become a regular feature to the Skyline's design. The wagon had different tail lights, headlights, and no turbo or six-cylinder versions available. It more closely resembled a Nissan Sunny than a Skyline. The two-door coupé had a hardtop, pillarless design, and featured roll-down quarter windows for the rear seat passengers (a styling feature of the previous C10, C110, and C211 coupes), while four-door versions had a traditional sedan body style with framed windows.

Notably, configurations of the R30 sold in Australia and New Zealand were missing the traditional hotplate tail lights, instead opting for more conventional styling. Export markets also received some larger (albeit less powerful) engines, in the form of 2.4 and a 2.8 liter inline-sixes of 120 PS (88 kW) or 139 PS (102 kW). The 2.8 was added in September 1982.[20]

Various engine configurations were available, initially ranging from the top of the line 103 kW SOHC 6-cylinder turbo L20ET to the 4-cylinder Z18S and 6-cylinder LD28 diesel versions at the other end of the scale. The all-new 16-valve DOHC FJ20 engine debuted in late 1981, and was the first four-cylinder engine from any Japanese manufacturer to employ more than two valves per cylinder (see below). Some of the top spec models featured adjustable suspension dampers that could be adjusted while driving, this was another first for mass-produced JDM vehicles. Nissan Glorias and Laurels also used the L series engines, as well as some diesel (Laurel only) variants.

The R30 range was facelifted in August 1983 with various changes across the board; for example four-wheel disc brakes were now standard issue, instead of being optional for lower-spec models. Trim specifications were revised and the 4-cylinder Z18S engine was replaced with the newer CA18E. Features included upgraded interior trim, new front and rear bumpers, door-mounted wing mirrors (replacing the old 'hockey stick' fender mirrors), and smoked tail lights.

Paul Newman Version[edit]

During 1983 the Paul Newman Version R30 was released to commemorate the association between Nissan and the actor Paul Newman, who used to appear in promotional material, as well as race for the company during the late-1970s and early-1980s. The Newman Skyline was simply a top spec GT-ES turbo with signature embroidery and decals.

RS[edit]

Facelift DR30 RS-Turbo Skyline, nicknamed "Iron Mask" for its distinctive front end treatment
DR30 RS-Turbo

Although making about the same power as the L20ET-powered GT-ES models, the version of the Skyline initially known as the 2000RS was released on October 2, 1981 as more of a stripped-down lightweight racer, without as many luxury extras included (quoted curb weight was only 1,130 kg (2,490 lb)). These were equipped with the naturally aspirated 4-valve-per-cylinder DOHC FJ20E engine generating 110 kW (150 PS; 148 hp) of power at 6,000 rpm and 181 N·m (133 lb·ft) of torque at 4,800 rpm. The official Nissan chassis designation for all FJ20-powered models was DR30.

In February 1983 the DR30 range received a significant boost in performance with the introduction of the turbocharged FJ20ET engine in the 2000RS-Turbo. Front brakes were also significantly upgraded to cope with the power increase. Now with 140 kW (190 PS; 188 hp) of power at 6,400 rpm and 225 N·m (166 lb·ft) of torque at 4,800 rpm on tap, the FJ20ET enjoyed new-found prestige as the most powerful Japanese production engine of its era.

Nissan sought to elevate the status of the DR30 Skyline as their new flagship model in light of this success, and it received a generous amount of changes to distinguish it from lesser Skyline models in August 1983. Interior equipment was significantly upgraded to now include electric windows, air conditioning and power steering as standard in the new RS-X model (for Extra) with an increased curb weight of around 1,235 kg (2,723 lb); gone were the days of the spartan, stripped-out race interior, although this could still be specified at time of purchase. But by far the most striking change to the RS was the new unique front end treatment, nicknamed Tekkamen (鉄仮面) or Iron Mask by fans for its distinctive look. The headlights were considerably slimmer, and instead of a conventional grille the bonnet now sloped down to two narrow slits above a facelifted front bumper and airdam.[21]

Further changes were made in 1984, most notably the addition of an intercooler, revised compression ratios and turbocharger exhaust housing to the FJ20ET powered model, now known as the RS-Turbo C and increasing output to 205 PS (151 kW) of power at 6,400 rpm and 245 N·m (181 lb·ft) of torque at 4400 rpm. An automatic transmission option was also added at this time, and changes to the "PLASMA Spark" ignition system followed in early 1985 towards the end of R30 production.

To this day the FJ20-powered R30 Skyline remains a cult car both at home and overseas (there are still dedicated "one make" drag racing events for this model in Japan), and is credited with rejuvenating the Skyline brand in the early 1980s. It also paved the way for the eventual re-introduction of the legendary GT-R badge, markedly absent since the end of C110 Skyline production in 1973.

The DR30 achieved success in Australian touring car racing during the mid-1980s. The factory backed Peter Jackson Nissan Team made its Group A debut in the opening round of the 1986 Australian Touring Car Championship, and over the 10 round series, lead driver George Fury would win four of the rounds and it was only unreliability in the first two rounds that cost Fury the title, finishing only 5 points behind the Volvo 240T of Robbie Francevic. Fury then went on to finish second to the BMW of Jim Richards in the 1986 Australian Endurance Championship, winning four of the six rounds, though failures to finish in the opening round at Amaroo Park in Sydney, as well as a DNF at the James Hardie 1000 at Bathurst cost him the title. Team driver Garry Scott would put the DR30 on pole for the James Hardie 1000 before going on to finish third with young charger Glenn Seton.[22] Despite missing out on the drivers title, Nissan would win the 1986 Australian Manufacturers' Championship from BMW. Fury finished off 1986 by finishing second to the V8 Holden Commodore of Allan Grice in the Group A support race for the Australian Grand Prix in Adelaide.

Fury was joined in 1987 Australian Touring Car Championship by Glenn Seton. While Fury had a frustrating first half of the championship, Seton would battle it out with the BMW M3 of Richards for the title. The series came down to the last race at Sydney's Oran Park Raceway where Richards used the nimble M3 to defeat Seton and win his second ATCC in three years. With Fury finishing third in the championship, this saw Nissan sharing victory with BMW in the 1987 Australian Manufacturers' Championship.[23] The final competitive race for the Peter Jackson Nissan DR30's came in the Group A support race for the 1987 Australian Grand Prix in Adelaide where Fury again finished second behind the Ford Sierra RS500 of Dick Johnson.

The 340 bhp (254 kW; 345 PS) DR30 continued to be used by privateer racers in Australian touring car racing until 1989.

Models: (Japan)

Paul Newman Version bonnet decal
  • 1800TI – 1.8 L Z18S SOHC I4, 105 PS (77 kW), later models 1.8 L CA18E SOHC I4, 115 PS (85 kW)
  • 2000TI – 2.0 L CA20E SOHC I4
  • 2000TI – 2.0 L Z20E SOHC I4
  • 2000GT and Passage – 2.0 L L20E SOHC I6
  • 2000GT Turbo, Passage and Paul Newman Version – 2.0 L L20ET turbo I6, 140 PS (103 kW, 206 N m)
  • RS – 2.0 L FJ20E DOHC I4, 150 PS (110 kW, 181 N m)
  • RS-X and RS-X Turbo C – 2.0 L FJ20ET DOHC turbo I4, 190 to 205 PS (140 to 151 kW, 225 to 245 N m)
  • 280D GT – 2.8 L LD28 SOHC I6 Diesel


R31[edit]

R31
Nissan Skyline R31 2000 GTS-R 002.jpg
R31 Nissan Skyline Coupe 2000 GTS-R
Overview
Also called

7th SKYLINE(1985–1987)

Nissan Pintara (Australian 4-cylinder models).
Production 1985–1989
309,716 units sold
Assembly Musashimurayama, Japan
Australia[24]
Designer Shinichiro Sakurai
Naganori Ito
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door sedan
4-door hardtop
2-door coupe
5-door station wagon
Layout FR layout
Related Nissan Laurel
Nissan Leopard
Nissan Pintara
Powertrain
Engine 1.8 L CA18I I4
2.0 L CA20E I4
2.0 L RB20E I6
2.0 L RB20ET I6
2.0 L RB20DE I6
2.0 L RB20DET I6
2.0 L RB20DET-R I6
3.0 L RB30E I6
2.8 L Diesel RD28 I6
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,615 mm (103.0 in)
Length 4,650 mm (183.1 in)
Width 1,690 mm (66.5 in)
Height 1,385 mm (54.5 in)
Curb weight 1,200 kg (2645 lbs)[25]
1988–1990 Nissan Skyline (R31) Executive sedan (Australia)
1988–1990 Nissan Skyline (R31) GXE station wagon (Australia)

The R31 Skyline of 1986 was a natural evolution on the R30 shape, and also this one was loosely based on the Laurel platform (C32). The design was slightly larger and squarer than previous Skylines. It was available as a Sedan, Hardtop sedan, Coupe and station wagon. Affectionately known as the "Seventhsu" or simply "7th Sukairain" by owners, due to it being the 7th-generation Skyline.

The R31 Skyline introduced many new technologies and features. The HR31 was the first Skyline to be equipped with the new RB-series of engines. The R31 RB engines are often referred to as "Red Top" engines because of the red cam covers. There were three variants. The earliest series of DOHC RB engines used the NICS (Nissan Induction Control System) injection system with 12 very small intake runners, and a butterfly system to divide the intake ports in half for better low RPM performance. Later versions used ECCS (Electronically Concentrated Control System) engine management, discarded the twelve tiny runners for six much larger ones (though they retained twelve ports on the head, so there was a splitter plate), and received a slightly larger turbocharger. Nissan's RD28, a 2.8 straight-6 engine, featured for a diesel option. Another technological first for the R31 was the introduction of Nissan's proprietary 4-wheel steering system, dubbed HICAS (High Capacity Active Steering). The R31 series were also the only models in the Skyline family to feature a 4-door hardtop variation. These models were generally badged as the Passage GT.

The R31 Skyline was also produced in Australia, with a 3.0 L motor (RB30E) available in sedan or wagon form, as well as a four-cylinder version called the Nissan Pintara. The wagon had the same front style as the coupe and sedan—the only difference being that it lacked the four round brake lights that had been a consistent element of Skyline design (except for the R31 series one/two which had rectangular taillights with a solid bar through the centre which was also shared by the Pintara). These cars were manufactured in Australia due to the heavy import laws which made it expensive to bring cars into Australia.

29,305 R31 Skylines were also manufactured and sold in South Africa in 4-door sedan form between 1987 and 1992. These were the last Skylines seen in South Africa. Power came from either the RB30E 3.0 straight-6 motor, RB20E 2.0 straight-6 motor or the CA20S 4-cylinder powerplant.

GTS-R[edit]

The ultimate version of the R31 was the RB20DET-R powered HR31 GTS-R Coupe of which 800 units were built to allow homologation for Group A Touring Car racing. Introduced in late 1987, it had a reworked version of the normal RB20DET with a much larger turbocharger on a tubular steel exhaust manifold, as well as a much larger front-mounted intercooler boosting power to a factory claimed 210 ps (154 kW), with racing versions making over 430 hp (321 kW) in Group A trim.

Jim Richards and Mark Skaife drove a Gibson Motor Sport prepared Skyline GTS-R to win the 1989 Sandown 500 in Australia. Richards also used the GTS-R in 6 of the 8 races to win the 1990 Australian Touring Car Championship (he used the R32 GT-R in the final two rounds of the series). It was Nissan's first ever Australian Touring Car Championship series win after finishing second in 1983 and 1986 (George Fury), and again in 1987 (Glenn Seton).

Models[edit]

Japanese market:

  • 1800 C, 1800 Excel and 1800 Passage – 1.8 L CA18S SOHC I4, 90 hp (66 kW)
  • GT Excel D, GT Passage D – 2.8 L Diesel RD28 SOHC I6, 92 hp (68 kW, 173 N m)
  • GT Excel, GT Passage – 2.0 L RB20E SOHC I6, 128 hp (96 kW)
  • GT Excel Twin Cam 24V, GT Passage Twin Cam 24V – 2.0 L RB20DE DOHC I6, 155 hp (114 kW)
  • GT Passage Turbo – 2.0 L RB20ET SOHC turbo I6, 167 hp (125 kW, 206 N m)
  • GT Passage Twin Cam 24V Turbo – 2.0 L RB20DET DOHC turbo I6, 180 hp (133 kW, 225 N m)
  • GTS – 2.0 L RB20DE DOHC I6, 155 hp (114 kW)
  • GTS Turbo – 2.0 L RB20DET DOHC I6, 180 hp (133 kW, 225 N m)
  • GTS-X – 2.0 L RB20DET DOHC turbo I6, 190 hp (141 kW, 240 N m)
  • GTS-R – 2.0 L RB20DET-R DOHC turbo I6, 210 hp (154 kW, 245 N m)
  • GTS Autech – 2.0 L RB20DET-R DOHC turbo I6, 210 hp (154 kW, 245 N m)

Australian market:

  • Pintara – 2.0 L CA20E I4, 102 hp (78 kW, 160 N m)
  • GX, Executive, GXE, Silhouette, Ti – 3.0 L RB30E SOHC I6, 157 hp (117 kW, 252 N m)
  • Silhouette GTS1 – 3.0 L RB30E SOHC I6, 176 hp (130 kW, 255 N m)
  • Silhouette GTS2 – 3.0 L RB30E SOHC I6, 190 hp (140 kW, 270 N m)

South African market:

  • 2.0GL, 2.0GLE – 2.0 L CA20S I4, 106 hp (78 kW, 163 N m)
  • 2.0SGLi – 2.0 L RB20E SOHC I6, 115 hp (85 kW, 174 N m)
  • 3.0SGLi – 3.0 L RB30E SOHC I6, 171 hp (126 kW, 260 N m)


R32[edit]

R32
Nissan Skyline R32 GT-R 001.jpg
Overview
Also called SKYLINE, BNR32 (1989–1991)
Production 1988–1994
296,087 units sold
GT-R's
Standard-40390
Nismo-560
V-Spec-1453
V-SpecII-1303
N1-228
Assembly Musashimurayama, Japan
Designer Naganori Ito (1987)
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door sedan
2-door coupe
Layout Front engine, rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
Related Nissan Laurel
Nissan Cefiro
Nissan Leopard (coupe)
Infiniti M30
Powertrain
Engine 1.8 L CA18i I4 (GXi)
2.0 L RB20E I6 (GTE)
2.0 L RB20DE I6 (GTS)
2.5 L RB25DE I6 (GTS-25)
2.6 L RB26DE I6 (Autech GTS-4)
2.0 L RB20DET I6 (GTS-t, Type M, GTS-4)
2.6 L RB26DETT I6 (GT-R)
Transmission 4-speed automatic
5-speed automatic
5-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,615 mm (103.0 in)
Length 4,580 mm (180.3 in) (sedan)
Width 1,695 mm (66.7 in)
Height 1,340 mm (52.8 in) (sedan)
Curb weight 1,280 kg (2,821.9 lb) (Type-M) 1,430 kg (3,152.6 lb) (GT-R)

The R32 Skyline debuted in May 1989. It was available as either a 2-door coupe or 4-door hardtop sedan, all other bodystyles were dropped. The R32 featured several versions of the RB-series straight-6 engines, which had improved heads (the twelve port inlet was gone) and used the ECCS (Electronically Concentrated Control System) injection system. Also available was an 1,800 cc 4-cylinder GXi model. Most models had HICAS four-wheel steering, with the rear wheels being hydraulically linked to the front steering. The 2.5-litre GTS-25 became one of the first Japanese production cars to feature a 5-speed automatic transmission. The GTS-t came in standard and Type M configurations, with the Type M having larger five-stud 16-inch wheels, four piston front callipers and twin piston rears plus other minor differences. ABS was optional (except for the GT-R and GTS-4), mechanical LSD was standard on the GTR and viscous LSD was standard on all turbo models and optional on all but the GXi. Nissan also produced 100 Australian models of the R32. In addition, there was a 4WD version of the GTS-t Type M, called the GTS-4.

The station wagon bodystyle was discontinued, and replaced by the smaller, front-wheel drive Nissan Avenir (Primera).

Models:

  • GXi Type-X – 1.8 L CA18i I4, 91 PS (67 kW; 90 hp)
  • GTE Type-X – 2.0 L RB20E I6, 125 PS (92 kW; 123 hp), 152 N m
  • GTS Type-X, S, J – 2.0 L RB20DE I6 155 PS (114 kW; 153 hp), 154 N m
  • GTS-25 Type-X, S, XG – 2.5 L RB25DE I6, 180 PS (132 kW; 178 hp), 231 N m
  • GTS-t, Type-M – 2.0 L RB20DET turbo I6, 215 PS (158 kW; 212 hp), 265 N m
  • GTS-4 – 2.0 L RB20DET turbo I6, 215 PS (158 kW; 212 hp), 265 N m 4WD
  • Autech GTS-4 – 2.6 L RB26DE I6, 220 PS (162 kW; 217 hp), Autech Version (auto only) 4WD - only 188 made[26]
  • GT-R – 2.6 L RB26DETT twin-turbo I6, 280 PS (206 kW; 276 hp), 368 N m 4WD; also NISMO, N1, V-Spec, and V-Spec II variants.
  • NISMO S-Tune
Nissan Skyline GTS-t four-door sedan

GT-R[edit]

R32 Nissan Skyline GT-R
The CALSONIC R32 GT-R from the Group A series

The R32 GT-R was first produced in 1988 including prototype cars. The first six Nismo's were built in 1989. The RB26DETT engine actually produced ~320 PS,[citation needed] but it was unstated due to the Japanese car makers' "gentlemen's agreement" not to exceed 280 PS (276 hp). The engine was designed for ~500 hp in racing trim,[27] and then muzzled by the exhaust, boost restriction, and ECU. The electronic boost control had a small physical restriction in the control lines. It was marked in yellow so the new owner could remove it and enjoy a safe factory boost increase.[28] After this increase the car would put out ~310 hp (~230 kW) and could do 0–100 km/h in 4.7seconds and quarter mile in 12.8 seconds.[citation needed]

The GT-R had a significantly larger intercooler, larger brakes, and aluminium front guards and bonnet. Other distinguishing features include flared front and rear wheel arches. More supportive seats were fitted, and the turbo boost gauge and digital clock were removed from inside the instrument cluster. The clock was replaced with a torque meter that indicated how much torque was being delivered to the front wheels (0%–50%). Oil temp, voltage, and turbo boost gauges were fitted just above the climate control.

The Porsche 959 was Nissan's target when designing the GT-R. The chief engineer, Naganori Ito, intended to use the car for Group A racing, so the design specification was drawn up in conjunction with a copy of the Group A rules. The Nordschleife production car record at the time of development was 8'45" – set by a Porsche 944. Nissan test driver Hiroyoshi Katoh reset the record with a time of 8'20".[29] Best Motoring managed 8'22"38.[30]

The R32 GT-R dominated Japanese Touring Car Championship (JTCC), winning 29 races from 29 starts, taking the series title every year from 1989 to 1993.[31] It took 50 races from 50 starts from 1991 to 1997 (latterly R33) in the N1 Super Taikyu.

The R32 GT-R was introduced into the Australian Touring Car Championship in 1990 and promptly ended the reign of the previously all-conquering Ford Sierra Cosworth, winning Bathurst 1000 classic in 1991 and 1992. This success led to the Australian motoring press nicknaming the car Godzilla due to it being a "monster from Japan". As Australia was the first export market for the car the name quickly spread. Such was GT-R's dominance that it was a significant factor in the demise of Group A Touring Car racing, the formula being scrapped soon after. JTCC was similarly blighted by the R32 GT-R, and splintered soon after, leading to the switch to the Supertouring category and also indirectly to the GT500 category of today.

When originally designed, the homologation rulebook mandated 16-inch wheels, so that's what the GT-R got. This limited the size of the brakes, and the Nissan four pots weren't really up to competition use. A later change in rules allowed 17-inch wheels, so in February 1993 the GT-R V-spec (for Victory) emerged wearing 17" BBS mesh wheels(225/50/17) covering larger Brembo brakes. The clutch actuation changed from a push to a pull system, the car had the standard rear differential, the electronic rear differential did not show up until the R33 Vspec. A year later the V-Spec II appeared with a new sticker and wider tires (245/45 17).[32]

The Nismo Skyline GT-R is a limited (500 street, 60 racing) version of Nissan Skyline with Nissan RB engine with twin ceramic turbochargers rated 280 PS (206 kW; 276 hp) at 6,800 rpm and 353 N·m (260 lb·ft) at 4,400 rpm, all-wheel steering, electronically controlled four-wheel drive.[33]

The Skyline GT-R is eligible for US import under the NHTSA 'Show or Display' rule, that allows vehicles with historical or technological significance to be imported even though they do not comply with Federal motor vehicle safety standards.[34][35]

R33[edit]

R33
Nissan Skyline R33 GT-R 001.jpg
Overview
Production 1993–1998
217,133 units sold
Assembly Musashimurayama, Japan
Designer Kozo Watanabe (1991)
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door sedan
2-door coupe
Layout Front engine, rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
Related Nissan Laurel
Nissan Stagea
Powertrain
Engine 2.0 L RB20E I6 (GTS)
2.5 L RB25DE I6 (GTS-25, GTS-4)
2.5 L RB25DET I6 (GTS-25t)
2.6 L RB26DETT I6 (GT-R)
2.8 L RBX-GT2 I6 (400R)
Transmission 4-speed automatic
5-speed manual
5-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,720 mm (107.1 in)
Length 4,720 mm (185.8 in) (sedan)
Width 1,720 mm (67.7 in)
Height 1,360 mm (53.5 in) (sedan)
Curb weight 1,390 kg (3,064.4 lb) (GTS-25t)
1,530 kg (3,373.1 lb) (GT-R)
1993–1996 Nissan Skyline (R33) GTS25t coupe

The R33 Skyline was introduced in August 1993. Slightly heavier than the R32, it is available in coupe and sedan bodystyles. All models now used a 6-cylinder engine. Nissan took the unusual step of down-grading the GTS model to have only the RB20E, while the twin-cam of the R32 GTS was discontinued along with the 2.0 L turbo RB20DET.

Some models came equipped with a new version of the HICAS 4-wheel steering system called Super HICAS. This computer controlled system was first used on the R32 GT-R. Super HICAS used electric actuators to steer the rear, as opposed to the hydraulic HICAS. This generation was no longer considered a "compact" under Japanese legislation that determined the amount of tax liability based on exterior dimensions.

As an option, an active limited slip differential was available instead of the standard viscous LSD. This new unit locked the rear differential if it detected that traction was lost by one of the wheels. A light on the dash also lit up if the LSD engaged. Active LSD came standard on all V-Spec R33 GT-R Skylines and was also available on some ECR33 GTS-25t models; these can be identified by the A-LSD and SLIP lights on the tachometer.

The RB25DE and RB25DET engines also became equipped with NVCS (variable inlet cam phasing). NVCS equipped RB's have a bulge on the front of the cam cover. To celebrate their 40th anniversary, Nissan introduced a very rare 4-door GT-R. Two versions of the 4-door GT-R were available from Nissan's subsidiaries: the first was produced by Autech, and the second was a joint Autech/Nismo project.

A Nissan Laurel C34 based wagon was released in September 1996, called the Stagea. It is widely regarded as a compatriot of the Skyline, rather than the Laurel it was based on, owing to drivetrain configurations—Commonly AWD using ATTESA ET-S. A common modification on the Stagea is to fit it with an R34 skyline front, in effect making an R34-lookalike wagon. A manual transmission was only available on the RS-Four and RS-Four V models. There was also an Autech tuned Stagea, the 260RS; released with full GT-R running gear, including an RB26DETT engine and manual transmission, a unique body kit, 17" BBS style alloys, and GT-R instrumentation.[36]

Models:

1996[edit]

R33 GTST series 2 with a R33 GT-R Bumper and East Bear carbon fibre bonnet

The R33 Skyline (Series 2) continued the concepts introduced in the R32. Driver and Passenger airbags became standard in 1996. As a result, pre-1996 models are barred from being imported into various countries for consumer road use as they do not meet the frontal impact standards. (However, in the U.S., there are Federal Laws regarding safety and emissions that require certain documents to be obtained, certain criteria to be met and adhered to, or 25 years to pass, before the sale of this vehicle becomes legal.[citation needed]) For the RB25DET engine the ignition system was also changed, with the ignition module no longer located on the cam covers and was instead replaced by smart ignition coils (Ignitor built into coil) and ECU. The RB25DET turbo was also given a Ceramic compressor wheel. Throughout the time the R33 was produced there were quite a number of different styled lights and bodykits fitted, the actual body/chassis underwent no changes. Among the cosmetic changes in the series 2 were, the headlights which tapered down more towards the grill and were fitted with improved reflectors, the grill (which was longer on the Series 1), the bonnet which had a re-shaped leading edge to fit the new lights and front bumper changing shape in the smallest amount to match the lower edge of the new headlights. Later models of the Series 2 also had the option of having an Active-LSD fitted. The R33 ceased production in February 1998 with the 40th Anniversary R33 Series 3.

GT-R[edit]

1993–1996 Nissan Skyline (R33) GTS (base model). Known because of the 4 stud hubs
R33 Skyline interior

The BCNR33 GT-R version also had the same RB26DETT engine that the BNR32 was equipped with, although torque had been improved, due to changes in the turbo compressor aerodynamics, turbo dump pipe, and intercooler. The turbo core changed from a sleeve bearing to a ball bearing, but the turbine itself remained ceramic, except on N1 turbos (steel turbine, sleeve bearing). From the R33 onward, all GT-Rs received Brembo brakes.[37] In 1995 the GT-R received an improved version of the RB26DETT, the ATTESA-ETS four-wheel-drive system, and Super HICAS 4-wheel steering.

A limited edition model was created in 1996, called the NISMO 400R, that produced 400 hp (298 kW) from a road-tuned version of Nissan's Le Mans engine.[38] A stronger six-speed Getrag gearbox was used.

An R33 GT-R driven by Dirk Schoysman lapped the Nordschleife in less than 8 minutes. Though it was often said to be the first production car to break 8 minutes, the limited run Jaguar XJ220 had already achieved a 7'46" lap.[39] Other manufacturers had caught up since the R32 was released, and the R33 never dominated motorsport to the extent of the R32.

Models:


R34[edit]

R34
Nissan Skyline R34 GT-R Nür 001.jpg
Overview
Production 1998–2002
64,623 units sold
Assembly Musashimurayama, Japan
Designer Kozo Watanabe (1996)
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door sedan
2-door coupe
Layout Front engine, rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
Related Nissan Laurel
Nissan Stagea
Nissan Skyline GT-R
Powertrain
Engine 2.0 L RB20DE I6 (GT)
2.5 L RB25DE I6 (25 GT, GT-X, GT-V, GT-4)
2.5 L RB25DET Turbocharged I6 (GT-T)
2.6 L Twin Turbocharged RB26DETT I6 (GT-R)
Transmission 4-speed automatic
5-speed manual
6-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,665 mm (104.9 in)
Length 4,705 mm (185.2 in) (sedan)
Width 1,725 mm (67.9 in) (sedan)
Height 1,375 mm (54.1 in) (sedan)
Curb weight 1,536 kg (3,386.3 lb) (GT-R)
1,410 kg (3,108.5 lb) (GT-T)

In May 1998, the EN34, HR34, ER34 and BNR34 marked the introduction of the more fuel-efficient and environmentally friendly RB25DET NEO engine. The RB20E engine was discontinued in the R34 base model (GT), and the RB20DE, after last being used in the R32 Skyline, was reintroduced in updated NEO guise. The R34 GT powered by the RB20DE NEO, coupled with a five-speed gearbox, became the most fuel-efficient straight-six Skyline to date (of any shape). " The 4-speed automatic transmission available on some models in the previous two shapes were discontinued. In its place, Nissan produced a 4-speed Tiptronic transmission for all of the automatic versions (Except the base 2.0L, which has a standard 5-speed gearbox). Only the GT-T coupe variant was sold in New Zealand and Hong Kong from 1997 to 2000 respectively. They were the only two countries besides Japan that sold the R34 GT-T model Skylines new. All Japanese Nissan Prince Store locations that sold the Skyline were renamed Nissan Red Stage.

Models:

1998 Nissan Skyline sedan (Japan)

GT-R[edit]

Nissan Skyline GT-R used in 2 Fast 2 Furious.

The GT-R reappeared in 1999, with a revised chassis and other updates. The R34 turbos received a ball bearing core. The R34 N1 turbos had a metal exhaust wheel, and ball bearing center section. The turbo outlet pipes were changed from cast to formed metal outlets. The intercooler outlet side and rear turbo dump pipe had temperature probes fitted in the V-spec models. The biggest feature and most significant feature to the R34 GT-R that wasn't seen on any other model skyline was the display unit at the top of the dashboard. This display unit was very significant for the car at its time. This display showed many of the cars engine stats including boost pressure, oil temp, water temp and more. As a 1999 car this kind of technology was very rare and advanced at the time. The display was capable of showing the G-force that the car was under when driving and there was also a lap timer that could be started by a button that was located near the gear lever. There was a computer jack lead hidden underneath the left passenger side skirt that could be used to transfer driving data from the car to a laptop. This could only be done with a Japanese version of windows and Japanese software, which today is very hard to come by. Other features such as the battery being located under the back seat of the car made more room available in the engine bay. The Nissan Skyline GT-R rivals are the Toyota Supra and the Mazda RX-7

Models: (all 4WD)

  • GT-R – 2.6 L RB26DETT twin-turbo I6, 332 PS (244 kW, 392 Nm) (advertised as 276)[40]
  • GT-R V-Spec – Additional aero parts, brake ventilation ducts, diffuser, LSD.
  • GT-R V-Spec II – As above + carbon fibre hood with NACA duct.
  • GT-R N1Blueprinted N1 motor, no A/C, no stereo, no rear wiper, basic interior trim. (only 45 made)
  • GT-R M-Spec – Leather interior, softer suspension with "Ripple Control" dampers, heated seats.
  • GT-R V-Spec II Nür – As above V-Spec II + N1 motor, 300 km/h speedo. (only 750 made)
  • GT-R M-Spec Nür – As above M-Spec + N1 motor, 300 km/h speedo. (only 253 made)
  • GT-R NISMO S-tune- The s-tune was an M-spec but with further modifications to components in the engine block.
  • GT-R NISMO R-tune- Same as the s-tune, the r-tune was a different style m-spec
  • GT-R NISMO Z-tune – 2.8 L (bored and stroked) RB26DETT Z2 twin-turbo I6, 500 PS (368 kW, 540 Nm) Z1 and Z2 (Only 19 made)

Skyline GT-R M・spec (2001-2002)[edit]

The M・spec is a version of Nissan Skyline GT-R with ripple control shock absorbers, M・spec-specific leather seat (front/rear seat, with front seat heater), 3-spoke leather wrapped steering wheel, and choice of four body colours (including Silica Breath (RPM/multi flex colour)).

The vehicle went on sale on May 8, 2001.[41]

Skyline GT-R M・spec Nur, V・spec II Nur (2002)[edit]

The M・spec Nur and V・spec II Nur are limited (1000 units) versions of Nissan Skyline GT-R with Super Taikyu N1 spec engine, for Japanese market. It included 300 km/h speedometer, 3d grade name emblem, and addition body colour option (millennium jade (metallic)).

The vehicles went on sale on February 26, 2002.[41]

Production[edit]

The production of Skyline GT-R type R34 ended in August 2002.

Since the beginning of Skyline GT-R M・spec Nur and V・spec II Nur sales, 25% of vehicles sold were M・spec Nur, 75 of vehicles sold were V・spec II Nur. Millennium Jade, White Pearl, and White body colors have been used on 28%, 22%, 16% of M・spec Nur and V・spec II Nur vehicles respectively.[42]

Marketing[edit]

As part of the Type R34 GT-R final campaign, all Skyline GT-R customers received a GT-R official photo album (「歴代GT-Rオフィシャル写真集<限定版>」) before January 24, 2002.[41]

V35/CPV35[edit]

V35, CV35
NISSAN SKYLINE COUPE V35.jpg
Overview
Also called New Generation Skyline
Infiniti G35
Production sedan: 2001–2006
coupe: 2002–2007
Assembly Tochigi, Tochigi, Japan
Designer Hiroshi Hasegawa (1998, 2000)
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door sedan
2-door coupe
Layout Front engine, rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
Platform Nissan FM platform
Powertrain
Engine 2.5 L VQ25DD V6
3.0 L VQ30DD V6
3.5 L VQ35DE V6
Transmission 5-speed automatic
6-speed manual
CVT Continuously Variable Transmission
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2850 mm (112.2 in)
Length 4630 mm (182.2 in) (coupe)
4735 mm (186.5 in) (sedan)
Width 1815 mm (71.5 in) (coupe)
1750 mm (69 in) (sedan)
Height 1390 mm (54.8 in) (coupe)
1465 mm (57.7 in) (sedan)
Curb weight 3,373 lb (1,530 kg) (coupe 6MT)[43]
3,395 lb (1,540 kg) (coupe 5AT)[43]
3,395 lb (1,540 kg) (sedan 6MT)
3,351 lb (1,520 kg) (sedan 5AT)[44]
3,483 lb (1,580 kg) (sedan CVT-8)[44][44]

The 11th-generation (V35) Nissan Skyline, introduced in June 2001, was based on Nissan's FM platform, shared with the Nissan 350Z. The Nissan Skyline used a front-midship engine (VQ35DE and others as below), rear-wheel-drive layout[45] (four-wheel drive was available for the sedan) to achieve a 52%/48% weight distribution. The V35 was the first Skyline made for export to the United States. There it was sold under the company's luxury brand, Infiniti as the Infiniti G35.

2001–2003 Nissan Skyline 250GT FOUR

The all-new Skyline was introduced at reorganized Nissan Japanese dealerships called Nissan Red Stage in conjunction with the reintroduced Nissan Fairlady Z, sold exclusively at Nissan Blue Stage Japanese dealerships. The vehicle went on sale on June 18, 2001. Early models included the 250GT, 250GTe, and 300GT. Early Skyline Driving Helper model includes 250GT. The Skyline 250GT FOUR sedan includes ATTESSA E-TS all wheel drive with 50:50 synchro mode, VQ25DD (NEO Di) engine, and a five-speed automatic transmission. It went on sale on September 26, 2001.[46] The Skyline 250GTm sedan went on sale on January 13, 2002, while the Skyline 350GT-8 sedan went on sale on February 19, 2002.[46]

Beginning in 2002, the Skyline sedan was also sold in North America, where it was marketed as the Infiniti G35.[46][47]

Nissan Skyline Sedan V35 in 2007.jpg

The V35 broke with previous Skyline tradition. There was no straight-six engine, no turbo, and no GT-R, a decision which extended to all later Skylines. The intention had been for the model to use a different name, a decision reversed by Renault/Nissan CEO Carlos Ghosn.[48] who choose to gear the V35 towards the luxury-sport market. Billing the 350Z as a pure sports car, Nissan put a slightly more powerful VQ35DE in the 350Z, and while the Skyline and the 350Z shared the same platform, the 350Z had additional bracing, under-body aero parts, and weighed 100 kg less.[2] Some fans refer to V35 as the "New Generation Skyline" due to drastic changes between the V35 series and its R34 predecessor. Nonetheless, as of 1 July 2001 (two weeks after launch), total domestic Japanese Skyline orders had reached 4200 units.[49][50]

Japanese tuners mostly ignored the V35 Skyline, the 2006 Tsukuba Super Lap Battle had not a single V35 entrant.[51] Tuners such as Mines, Amuse, Hosaka, Garage Defend, M Speed, Nagisa, MCR, HKS, & Top Secret continued developing R32-R34 GT-Rs as time attack cars. Top Secret did tune a V35, but replaced the VQ35DE with a VK45DE V8 Twin Turbo.[52] Signal USA entered a V35 in Formula D, replacing the VQ35DE with an SR20DET.[53]

Models:

  • 250GT – 2.5 L VQ25DD V6, 215 PS (158 kW, 270 N m)
  • 250GT Four – 2.5 L VQ25DD V6, 215 PS (158 kW, 270 Nm) 4WD
  • 300GT – 3.0 L VQ30DD V6, 260 PS (191 kW, 324 N m)
  • 350GT-8 – 3.5 L VQ35DE V6, 272 PS (200 kW, 353 N m)
  • 350GT Coupe – 3.5 L VQ35DE V6, 280 PS (206 kW, 363 N m)

XVL concept (1999)[edit]

It is a concept car demonstrating the FR L-class platform. It includes a 3.0L V6 direct-injection gasoline engine, CVT transmission, sedan body. The vehicle was unveiled in 1999 Tokyo Auto Show.[54]

Changes[edit]

For 2003 the design of the radiator grille, headlamp inner panels, and sills were altered. The interior and mirrors were altered, while the suspension and braking systems were also refined. The Skyline Coupe was introduced as a version of Infiniti G35 Sport Coupe for Japanese market. Also, the Skyline 350GT went on sale. It is a version of the Infiniti G35 sport sedan with a six-speed manual transmission for the Japanese market, only available with the 3.5 litre engine. The Skyline 350GT and Skyline 350GT Premium sedan went on sale on 2003-06-03.[55]

For 2004 both coupe and sedans were altered, with updated interiors and improved transmissions. The five-speed automatic transmission on the 350GT Premium now included synchro rev control, while the 6-speed manual transmission was made to vibrate less. For the sedan, the front grill/bumper, foot panel, head lamp, rear bumper, and rear combination lamps were changed. The front seats received active head rest, while the rear middle seat now have a three-point seat belt as standard. There were also some new wheels and a 19-inch option for the coupé. The Skyline's 2005 update again included changes to the head and rear lamps, front bumper, and side sill protectors. Also, 19-inch aluminium alloy wheel became standard for automatic transmission cars. A "plasma cluster ion" full air conditioner with left/right independent temperature settings, heated door mirrors, head lamp auto levelizer (compliant with new legislation) was made standard equipment.

Body styles[edit]

Chassis code V35 CV35
Body style sedan coupe
250GT 2001–2006 n/a
250GT FOUR 2001–2006 n/a
250GTe 2001 n/a
250GTm 2002–2004 n/a
250GTm FOUR 2003–2006 n/a
300GT 2001–2004 n/a
350GT 2003–2004 2003–2007
350GT-8 2002–2006 n/a
350GT Premium 2003–2006 2003–2007


V36/CV36/J50[edit]

V36, CV36, J50
NISSAN SKYLINE.jpg
Overview
Also called

Infiniti G35
Infiniti G37 2009-2014 Infinti Q40. 2014-

Infinti Q60 coupe
Production 2006–2014
Assembly Tochigi, Tochigi, Japan
Designer Hideo Komuro (2004); Shinichiro Irie (2005, 2007)
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door sedan
2-door coupe
5-door crossover SUV
Layout Front engine, rear-wheel drive / all-wheel drive
Platform Nissan FM platform
Related Infiniti FX
Infiniti M
Nissan 350Z
Infiniti G37
Infiniti EX
Nissan 370Z
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission 5-speed automatic
6-speed manual
7-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 112.2 in (2,850 mm)
Length 183.1 in (4,651 mm) (coupe)
187.0 in (4,750 mm) (sedan)
183.3 in (4,656 mm) (convertible)
Width 72.9 in (1,852 mm) (convertible)
71.8 in (1,824 mm) (coupe)
69.8 in (1,773 mm) (sedan)
Height Convertible
55.1 in (1,400 mm)
Coupe
54.8 in (1,392 mm) (AT)
54.9 in (1,394 mm) (MT)
Sedan
57.2 in (1,453 mm) (RWD)
57.8 in (1,468 mm) (xAWD sedan) & 57.6 in (1,463 mm)

Initial release[edit]

The Skyline Sedan went on sale on November 11, 2006, with an update to the Skyline Coupe beginning in fall 2007. Early models included the 250GT, 250GT FOUR, and 350GT.[56][57]

It was first available only as a 4-door sedan in Japan and was also sold in the USA as the 2007 Infiniti G35.

On May 13, 2008, Nissan announced that a convertible variant of the Infiniti G37 (U.S. Spec Skyline coupe) would be produced for the 2009 model year. The convertible is not available in Japan.

Skyline 370GT Coupe (DBA-CKV36, 2007-)[edit]

Introduced in 2007 for the 2008 model year, it is a Japanese version of the Infiniti G37 coupe.

Eighteen-inch wheels are used on the base and 370GT Type P cars, while Type S and Type SP cars include 19-inch wheels.

The Skyline Coupe went on sale on 2007-10-02. Early models include 370GT, 370GT Type P, 370GT Type S and 370GT Type SP.[58][59][60]

250GT sedan (DBA-V36, DBA-NV36)[edit]

The 250GT sedan is a Japanese version of the Infiniti G25 sedan.

Four-wheel drive is standard on 250GT FOUR models (NV36, where N stands for 4WD).

The 250GT Type S was introduced for 2008 model year.

Seventeen-inch wheels are standard for all model ranges, except for the 250GT Type S, which has 18-inch wheels.

350GT sedan[edit]

The 350GT sedan is a Japanese version of the Infiniti G35 sedan.

Four-wheel active steering is available in Type S and Type SP as option.

50th Limited (2007–2008)[edit]

The 50th Limited is an option for Skyline Sedan models 250GT Type P, 350GT Type P, 350GT Type SP, and 250GT FOUR Type P, commemorating the 50th anniversary of Nissan Skyline.[61] The interior is marked with anniversary red leather seats, and serial-numbered front glass.

The vehicle was unveiled in 2007 Tokyo Motor Show.[62]

The 50th Limited models, along with 250GT Type S, went on sale from November 27, 2007 until March 31, 2008.[63][64]

Skyline Coupe Aero-Sports Concept, Skyline Aero Package Concept (2008)[edit]

Skyline Aero Package Concept is a version of Skyline Sedan 350GT Type SP with dynamic front and rear spoilers, re-designed sporty front grill and chromed alloy wheels.

Skyline Coupe Aero-Sports Concept is a version of Skyline Coupe 370GT Type SP with new exterior and interior looks with new aero parts and seat materials.

The vehicles were unveiled in 2008 Tokyo Auto Salon,[65][66] followed by 2008 Nissan Customize Car Show.[67]

Body styles[edit]

Chassis code V36 CV36
Body style sedan coupe
250GT 2006– n/a
250GT FOUR 2006– n/a
350GT 2006–2008 n/a
370GT n/a 2007–

Models[edit]

Model Years Engine Type/code Power, torque@rpm Drive
250GT sedan (DBA-V36) 2006– 2,495 cc (2.495 L; 152.3 cu in) V6 (VQ25HR) 225 PS (165 kW; 222 hp)@6800, 263 N·m (194 lb·ft)@4800 RWD
250GT FOUR sedan (DBA-NV36) 2006– 2,495 cc (2.495 L; 152.3 cu in) V6 (VQ25HR) 225 PS (165 kW; 222 hp)@6800, 263 N·m (194 lb·ft)@4800 AWD
350GT sedan 2006–2008 3,498 cc (3.498 L; 213.5 cu in) V6 (VQ35HR) 315 PS (232 kW; 311 hp)@6800, 358 N·m (264 lb·ft)@4800 RWD
370GT coupe (DBA-CKV36) 2007– 3,696 cc (3.696 L; 225.5 cu in) V6 (VQ37VHR) 333 PS (245 kW; 328 hp)@7000, 363 N·m (268 lb·ft)@5200 RWD

Transmissions[edit]

Model Years Standard Optional
250GT sedan 2006– 5-speed automatic
250GT FOUR sedan 2006– 5-speed automatic
350GT sedan 2006–2008 5-speed automatic
370GT coupe 2007–2008 5-speed automatic 6-speed manual (Type S, Type SP)

Production[edit]

As of November 28, 2006, sales of the Nissan Skyline sedan reached 4144 units.[68]

As of December 18, 2006, sales of the Nissan Skyline sedan reached 6612 units.[69]

As of October 16, 2007, sales of the Nissan Skyline coupe reached 1562 units.[70]

Marketing[edit]

As part of the Nissan Skyline's 50th anniversary, information on Nissan Skyline could be found in the PlayStation 3 version of the Gran Turismo video game.[71]

As part of the Nissan Skyline's launch event, a Touch&Feel - New SKYLINE event began in Nissan Gallery.[72]

As part of the Nissan Skyline's 50th anniversary, a Grand Touring Japan event took place starting on March 10, 2007.[73] Following the event, the Grand Touring ~ Legend&Future event was staged at Tokyo Midtown, showcasing 12 generations of the Nissan Skyline.[74][75][76][77] The event continued in Nissan Gallery at Ginza with a chance of winning a Skyline postcard.[78]

As part of the Nissan Skyline's 50th anniversary, Warner Music Japan published a CD titled SKYLINE 50th ANNIVERSARY CD, featuring music from Nissan Skyline commercials.[79][80] Skyline model cars had also been produced.[81]

As part of the Nissan Skyline Coupe launch, a series of 15 accessories under the SKYLINE collection label, including wallet, card case, key ring (leather, engine cover, and 370GT), intelligent key case, Zippo lighter, SLYLINE COUPE T-shirt (grey), SLYLINE COUPE pins (in vibrant red, brilliant silver, strafia blue, white pearl, super black, fountain blue, and lunar mare silver) went on sale at Nissan online shop beginning October 2007.[82]

2008 update[edit]

Sedan changes include:

  • Scratch shield body paint for all body colour
  • New body colour crystal white pearl (3-coal pearl) is added for total of 6 colour choices
  • Uses Skyline Coupe mirror
  • Aluminium finisher colour change
  • Rear middle seat includes adjustable head rest, door lower soft touch material
  • V6 engine model uses VQ37VHR engine, 7-speed automatic transmission
  • Intelligent air conditioner as standard equipment (except 250GT, 250GT FOUR)
  • Active AFS as standard equipment
  • curtain airbag, side airbag at front seats as standard equipment

Coupe changes include:

  • Scratch shield body paint for all body colour
  • New body colour crystal white pearl (3-coal pearl) is added for total of seven colour choices
  • Walk-in level colour change
  • Door grip finisher handle change
  • 5-speed automatic transmission replaced by 7-speed automatic transmission
  • Intelligent air conditioner, privacy glass as standard equipment

The vehicles went on sale on December 2, 2008. Early Sedan models include the 250GT, 250GT FOUR, and 370GT. Early Coupe models include the 370GT.[83]

370GT sedan (DBA-KV36)[edit]

Introduced in 2008 for the 2009 model year, the 370GT sedan is a Japanese version of the Infiniti G37 sedan. It replaced the 350GT sedan.

Eighteen-inch wheels are standard for all model ranges, except for the 370GT Type P, which has 17-inch wheels.

Skyline Crossover (DBA-J50, DBA-NJ50)[edit]

See also: Infiniti EX
Nissan Skyline Crossover

Introduced in 2009, it is based on the Infiniti EX37, for Japan market. The vehicle was unveiled at Nissan Galleries nationwide beginning on April 18, 2009,[84][85][86] and later with all seven body colour variants at Nissan Galleries.[87]

Sales of the Skyline Crossover began on July 13, 2009. Early models include the 370GT (Type P) and 370GT FOUR (Type P).[88][89][90]

Four-wheel drive is standard on 370GT FOUR models. 18-inch wheels are standard for all model ranges.

Body styles[edit]

Chassis code V36 CV36 J50
Body style sedan coupe crossover
250GT 2008– n/a n/a
250GT FOUR 2008– n/a n/a
370GT 2008– 2008– 2009–
370GT FOUR n/a n/a 2009–

Models[edit]

Model Years Engine Type/code Power, torque@rpm Drive
250GT sedan (DBA-V36) 2008– 2,495 cc (2.495 L; 152.3 cu in) V6 (VQ25HR) 225 PS (165 kW; 222 hp)@6800, 263 N·m (194 lb·ft)@4800 RWD
250GT FOUR sedan (DBA-NV36) 2008– 2,495 cc (2.495 L; 152.3 cu in) V6 (VQ25HR) 225 PS (165 kW; 222 hp)@6800, 263 N·m (194 lb·ft)@4800 AWD
370GT coupe (DBA-CKV36) 2008– 3,696 cc (3.696 L; 225.5 cu in) V6 (VQ37VHR) 333 PS (245 kW; 328 hp)@7000, 363 N·m (268 lb·ft)@5200 RWD
370GT sedan (DBA-KV36) 2008– 3,696 cc (3.696 L; 225.5 cu in) V6 (VQ37VHR) 330 PS (243 kW; 325 hp)@7000, 361 N·m (266 lb·ft)@5200 RWD
370GT crossover (DBA-J50) 2009– 3,696 cc (3.696 L; 225.5 cu in) V6 (VQ37VHR) 330 PS (243 kW; 325 hp)@7000, 361 N·m (266 lb·ft)@5200 RWD
370GT FOUR crossover (DBA-NJ50) 2009– 3,696 cc (3.696 L; 225.5 cu in) V6 (VQ37VHR) 330 PS (243 kW; 325 hp)@7000, 361 N·m (266 lb·ft)@5200 AWD

Transmissions[edit]

Model Years Standard Optional
250GT sedan 2008– 5-speed automatic (2006–2010)
250GT FOUR sedan 2008– 5-speed automatic
370GT coupe 2008– 7-speed automatic 6-speed manual (Type S, Type SP)
370GT sedan 2008– 7-speed automatic
370GT crossover 2009– 7-speed automatic
370GT FOUR crossover 2009– 7-speed automatic

2010 update[edit]

Skyline Sedan, Coupe (2010-)[edit]

Changes include:

  • 7-speed automatic transmission option for 2-wheel drive Skyline Sedan with the 2.5-liter V6 engine
  • Skyline Sedan 250GT Type P, 250GT Type V, 250GT Four Type P, 250GT Four Type V, 250GT Four and 250GT A package models receive appearance enhancements designed to create a sharper, more masculine look. In front are a new grille, bumper and headlamps. The fog lights are moved down to the bumper (previously, the fog lights were integrated into the headlights), offering a more aggressive feel. The rear bumper has also been redesigned and there is also a new 17-inch aluminum-alloy wheel design.
  • Skyline Sedan sport versions (370GT Type SP, 370GT Type SP, 250GT Type S) receive a special wider, low-centered body design for a more dynamic, sporty appeal. Changes include a new unique grille, front bumper, headlights, rear bumper and use of black trim for the inner headlamp panels.
  • Skyline Sedan body colour choice is expanded to 6, including new Dark Metal Grey (metallic) and Vibrant Red (solid).
  • The center console trim has been redesigned to express greater volume (AT models only), with the center armrest reshaped for better integration with the console.
  • New soft materials are utilized for the console sides and cupholder lid and there are new patterns and shades for the genuine aluminum and genuine wood trim.
  • The Skyline Sedan adds modified Beige and Black interior color treatments.
  • Enhancements to the instrument panel include white illumination for the vehicle information display and instrument indicator, as well as standardized lettering for speedometer and tachometer.
  • The Intelligent Cruise Control system now works between 0 and about 100 km/h (not available with Sedan 250GT A package; a manufacturer option for Coupe 370GT Type P and 370GT).
  • Both Sedan and Coupe come with the HDD Carwings navigation system, which now offers enhanced entertainment features, including a built-in digital terrestrial broadcast tuner and USB connections for iPod and other music playback devices (offered on all models except the Sedan 250GT A package and Coupe 370GT A package).
  • An upgraded intelligent air-conditioning system is also standard on all models, except the Sedan 250GT and 250GT A package and Coupe 370GT A package.

The revised Skyline Sedan and Coupe went on sale on January 6, 2010.[91]

Skyline Coupe, Crossover (2010–)[edit]

Coupe changes include:

  • Wheel design change
  • New body colour shining blue (pearl metallic) for total of seven colours

Crossover changes include:

  • New body colours ceramic blue (metallic), dark metal grey (metallic), franboise red (2-coat pearl) for total of six colours

The revised Skyline Sedan and Crossover went on sale on November 15, 2010.[92]

Skyline 55th Limited Edition (2011–2013)[edit]

The sedan version of 55th Limited is a limited (555 units) edition of Skyline sedan, commemorating 55th anniversary of Nissan Skyline.[93][94] Changes include anniversary red leather seats with front seat heater, 55 anniversary embroidering at front seats, black interior colour, and garnet black (pearl) body colour.

Sedan version, covering the 250GT Type P, 250GT FOUR Type P, and 370GT Type SP, went on sale between December 19, 2011 and April 30, 2013 for ¥3,990,000, ¥4,221,000, and ¥4,515,000, respectively.[95]

The Coupe version is a limited (55 units) edition of Skyline 370GT coupe, commemorating 55th anniversary of Nissan Skyline. Changes are the same as the 55th Limited Edition Skyline Sedan.

The Coupe version, covering 370GT Type P and 370GT Type SP, went on sale between February 10, 2012 and April 30, 2013.[96]

A customized version of Skyline Sedan (with high intensity LEDs and S-tune items, wide, low-center-of-gravity optional parts) was unveiled in 2012 Tokyo Auto Salon.[97][98]

Skyline Crossover (2012–)[edit]

Changes include: intelligent cruise control, lane departure prevention, lane departure warning, forward collision warning, front seat emergency brake sensing pre-crash seat belt, intelligent brake assist, steering wheel switches (audio navigation, voice command, hands-free phone, intelligent cruise control, lane departure prevention) become standard equipment.

The revised Skyline Crossover, covering 370GT (Type P) and 370GT FOUR (Type P), went on sale on October 25, 2012.[99]

Body styles[edit]

Chassis code V36 CV36 J50
Body style sedan coupe crossover
250GT 2010- n/a n/a
250GT FOUR 2010– n/a n/a
370GT 2010– 2010– 2010–
370GT FOUR n/a n/a 2010–

Models[edit]

Model Years Engine Type/code Power, torque@rpm Drive
250GT sedan (DBA-V36) 2010– 2,495 cc (2.495 L; 152.3 cu in) V6 (VQ25HR) 225 PS (165 kW; 222 hp)@6400, 263 N·m (194 lb·ft)@4800 RWD
250GT FOUR sedan (DBA-NV36) 2010– 2,495 cc (2.495 L; 152.3 cu in) V6 (VQ25HR) 225 PS (165 kW; 222 hp)@6400, 263 N·m (194 lb·ft)@4800 AWD
370GT coupe (DBA-CKV36) 2010– 3,696 cc (3.696 L; 225.5 cu in) V6 (VQ37VHR) 333 PS (245 kW; 328 hp)@7000, 363 N·m (268 lb·ft)@5200 RWD
370GT sedan (DBA-KV36) 2010– 3,696 cc (3.696 L; 225.5 cu in) V6 (VQ37VHR) 330 PS (243 kW; 325 hp)@7000, 361 N·m (266 lb·ft)@5200 RWD
370GT crossover (DBA-J50) 2010– 3,696 cc (3.696 L; 225.5 cu in) V6 (VQ37VHR) 330 PS (243 kW; 325 hp)@7000, 361 N·m (266 lb·ft)@5200 RWD
370GT FOUR crossover (DBA-NJ50) 2010– 3,696 cc (3.696 L; 225.5 cu in) V6 (VQ37VHR) 330 PS (243 kW; 325 hp)@7000, 361 N·m (266 lb·ft)@5200 AWD

Transmissions[edit]

Model Years Standard Optional
250GT sedan 2010– 7-speed automatic
250GT FOUR sedan 2010– 5-speed automatic
370GT coupe 2010– 7-speed automatic 6-speed manual (Type S, Type SP)
370GT sedan 2010– 7-speed automatic
370GT crossover 2010– 7-speed automatic
370GT FOUR crossover 2010– 7-speed automatic

Marketing[edit]

Nissan Motor Co., Ltd. and Minami Kanto Regional Office, Japan Post Network Co., Ltd. announced the sales of original frame stamps titled History of Cars "Nissan (Skyline)" (5000 units) and History of Cars "Nissan (Electric Vehicles)" (1000 units). The designs of these original frame stamps are based on Nissan's successive Skylines and electric vehicles. The frame stamps went on sale from February 1 to August 31, 2010.[100][101]

King Records published Nissan Skyline CM collection, featuring a compilation of Nissan Skyline commercials.[102]

As part of 55th anniversary of Nissan Skyline, a draw of 500 SKYLINE meets EIZIN SUZUKI 2013 calendars took place in December 2012.[103]

2014 update[edit]

Skyline Crossover (2014-)[edit]

Changes include standard electric glass sunroof and roof rail as standard equipment, eliminated body colour choice franboise red (2-coat pearl) for total of 4 colours.

Japan models went on sale in 2014-07-22. Early models included 370GT, 370GT Type P, 370GT FOUR Type P, 370GT FOUR.[104]

Body styles[edit]

Chassis code CV36 J50
Body style coupe crossover
370GT ? 2014–
370GT FOUR ? 2014–

Models[edit]

Model Years Engine Type/code Power, torque@rpm Drive
370GT crossover (DBA-J50) 2014– 3,696 cc (3.696 L; 225.5 cu in) V6 (VQ37VHR) 330 PS (243 kW; 325 hp)@7000, 361 N·m (266 lb·ft)@5200 RWD
370GT FOUR crossover (DBA-NJ50) 2014– 3,696 cc (3.696 L; 225.5 cu in) V6 (VQ37VHR) 330 PS (243 kW; 325 hp)@7000, 361 N·m (266 lb·ft)@5200 AWD

Transmissions[edit]

Model Years Standard Optional
370GT crossover 2014– 7-speed automatic with manual mode
370GT FOUR crossover 2014– 7-speed automatic with manual mode

HV37/ZV37[edit]

See also: Infiniti Q50
HV37/HNV37/ZV37
Nissan SKYLINE 350GT HYBRID (V37) front.JPG
Overview
Also called Skyline
Skyline Hybrid
Infiniti Q50
Production 2014–Present
Assembly Tochigi, Tochigi, Japan
Designer Joel Baek (2011)
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door sedan
Layout Front engine, rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
Platform Nissan FM platform
Powertrain
Engine 3.5 L VQ35HR V6 with HM34 electric motor
Transmission 7-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,850 millimetres (112 in)
Length 4,790 millimetres (189 in)
Width 1,820 millimetres (72 in)
Height 1,440 millimetres (57 in) - 1,450 millimetres (57 in)

Skyline sedan (2014-)[edit]

The design was based on Infiniti Q50 sedan, with Infiniti logo emblem at front grille. Other major changes were the debut of the electric-petrol hybrid powertrain in the range and the revival of the turbocharged models.

Japan models were set to go on sale in February 2014. Early models include 350GT HYBRID, 350GT HYBRID Type P, 350GT HYBRID Type SP, 350GT FOUR HYBRID, 350GT FOUR HYBRID Type P, 350GT FOUR HYBRID Type SP.[105][106] 200GT-t, 200GT-t Type P, 200GT-t Type SP went on sale on June 5, 2014 through Nissan dealers.[107][108]

Body styles[edit]

Chassis code HV37/ZV37
Body style sedan
200GT-t 2014–
350GT HYBRID 2014–
350GT FOUR HYBRID 2014–

Engines[edit]

Petrol engines
Model Years Engine Type/code Power, torque@rpm
200GT-t DBA-ZV37 2014- 1,991 cc (121 cu in) I4 turbo (Mercedes-Benz 274930) 211 PS (155 kW; 208 hp)@5500, 350 N·m (258 lb·ft)@1250-3500
350GT HYBRID DAA-HV37 2014- 3,498 cc (213 cu in) V6 (Nissan VQ35HR) 306 PS (225 kW; 302 hp)@6800, 350 N·m (258 lb·ft)@5000
electric motor (Nissan HM34) 68 PS (50 kW; 67 hp)@1650-2000, 290 N·m (214 lb·ft)@1650
combined 364 PS (268 kW; 359 hp)@?, 546 N·m (403 lb·ft)@?
350GT HYBRID DAA-HNV37 2014- 3,498 cc (213 cu in) V6 (Nissan VQ35HR) 306 PS (225 kW; 302 hp)@6800, 350 N·m (258 lb·ft)@5000
electric motor (Nissan HM34) 68 PS (50 kW; 67 hp)@1650-2000, 290 N·m (214 lb·ft)@1650
combined 364 PS (268 kW; 359 hp)@?, 546 N·m (403 lb·ft)@?

350GT FOUR HYBRID models include ATTESA-ETS four-wheel-drive system.

Transmissions[edit]

Model Years Types
200GT-t 2014- 7-speed automatic with manual mode (7G-TRONIC PLUS)
350GT HYBRID 2014– 7-speed automatic with manual mode
350GT FOUR HYBRID 2014– 7-speed automatic with manual mode

Production[edit]

Skyline 350GT Hybrid (Japan)

Skyline sedan was built in Tochigi Plant (Kaminokawa-machi, Kawachi-gun, Tochigi prefecture).

The turbo engine and automatic transmission used by Skyline 200GT-t sedan were built by Daimler.[109][110]

Marketing[edit]

The Skyline sedan was targeted towards males at the age of 40s.[111] Also, the Nissan branding was not used on this generation Skyline, therefore making it neither a Nissan or Infiniti, but simply "Skyline."

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Further reading[edit]

  • Gorodji, Alex (2008). Nissan GT-R: Legendary performance, Engineering Marvel. Motorbooks. ISBN 978-0-7603-3036-4. 

External links[edit]

V35/CV35[edit]

V36/CV36/J50[edit]