Nissan VRH35 engine

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VRH35Z Engine

The VRH engine family consists of several racing engines built by Nissan Motor Company beginning in the late 1980s. All VRH engines are in a V8 configuration and can be either naturally aspirated or forced induction in design. Some of the VRH engines are loosely based on Nissan's production V8 blocks including the VH and VK engines, while others were designed from the ground up for racing and share no components with production blocks.

V=V engine configuration R=Racing H=The eighth letter of the alphabet = Eight cylinders

History[edit]

In 1987 Nissan began work on an engine exclusively for race use and began work on the VEJ30 engine, developed by Yoshikazu Ishikawa. This engine was based on old technology, and was not a success. For 1988 the VEJ30 was improved by Yoshimasa Hayashi and renamed the VRH30. Changes included increasing displacement to 3.4L.

This engine was still based on the obsolete VEJ30 and development of the all new VRH35[1] was started in parallel with VRH30. In 1989 the VRH35 appeared as a new development engine and was used in the Nissan R89C. The improved VRH35Z appeared in 1990 in the R90C.

A Nissan R390 GT1 that was powered by the VRH35L engine.

In 1997 Nissan, working in partnership with Tom Walkinshaw Racing, fielded an updated version of the engine called the VRH35L in the R390 GT1. This revised engine produces around 641 hp (478 kW) at 6800 rpm.

The engine was also used in the 1998 Courage Compétition C51[2] Nissan at the 1998 24 Hours of Le Mans. Both cars retired.

The design of the engine was later sold to McLaren Automotive where it formed the basis of their M838T family of engines.[3]

Other VRH Racing Engines[edit]

A naturally aspirated 5.0L version, the VRH50A, was used in the Nissan R391. The VRH35ADE, was used by Infiniti in their Indy race car. Other naturally aspirated versions are the VRH34A and VRH34B, used by Nissan in their Nissan GT-R Super GT race car.

The VRH34A is a 3.4L(3396cc) V8 that produces 450-500 ps and over 290 lb-ft (393 N-m).

The VRH34B is a 3.4L(3396cc) V8 that produces 500-530 ps and over 325 lb-ft (393 N-m).

The VRH35ADE is a 3.5L(3495cc) V8 that produces 650 ps @10700 rpm and 320 lb-ft (434 N-m)@10400 rpm.

The VRH50A is a 5.0L(4997cc) V8 that produces 650 ps @7200 rpm and 470 lb-ft (618 N-m)@6000 rpm.


The VRH engines also formed the basis for McLaren's M838T engine used in the McLaren MP4-12C supercar.[4]

Specification of VRH30T[edit]

A Nissan R88C that was powered by the VRH30 engine.
  • Cylinder Block: Aluminum 90º V8
  • Aspiration: Twin-Turbo (IHI
  • Valvetrain: DOHC, 4 Valves per Cylinder
  • Displacement: 2996 cc
  • Bore x Stroke: 85 x 66 mm
  • Power: 750 ps @8000 rpm
  • Torque: 542 lb-ft (735 N-m)@5500 rpm

Specification of VRH35Z[edit]

VRH35Z engine in a Nissan R90CK race car.
  • Cylinder Block: Aluminum
  • Aspiration: Twin-Turbo (IHI
  • Valvetrain: DOHC, 4 Valves per Cylinder
  • Displacement: 3496 cc
  • Bore x Stroke: 85 x 77 mm
  • Compression Ratio: 8.5:1
  • Power: 800 ps @7600 rpm
  • Torque: 578 lb-ft (784 N-m)@5600 rpm
  • Engine Management: ECCS-R-NDIS
  • Weight: 185 kg

Specification of VRH35L[edit]

VRH35L engine from the R390 GT1
  • Cylinder Block: Aluminum
  • Aspiration: Twin-Turbo (IHI
  • Valvetrain: DOHC, 4 Valves per Cylinder
  • Displacement: 3496 cc
  • Bore x Stroke: 85 x 77 mm
  • Compression Ratio: 9.0:1
  • Power: 650 ps @6800 rpm
  • Torque:520 lb-ft (706 N-m)@4400 rpm
  • Weight: 170 kg (Dry Weight)

Specification of VRH35ADE[edit]

  • Cylinder Block: Aluminum-alloy block and heads; molybdenum coated pistons
  • Aspiration: Naturally Aspirated
  • Valvetrain: DOHC, 4 Valves per Cylinder
  • Displacement: 3495 cc
  • Bore x Stroke: 93 x 64.39 mm
  • Compression Ratio: 13.8:1
  • Lubrication System: Multi-stage dry sump
  • Oil Capacity: 12.0 quarts
  • Power: 650 ps @10700 rpm
  • Torque: 320 lb-ft (434 N-m)@10400 rpm

Specification of VRH34A[edit]

A Nissan GT-R that competed in the Super GT500 class that was powered by the VRH34A engine.
  • Cylinder Block: Aluminum
  • Aspiration: Naturally Aspirated
  • Valvetrain: DOHC, 4 Valves per Cylinder
  • Displacement: 3396 cc
  • Bore x Stroke: 93 x 62.5 mm
  • Power: 450-500 ps @? rpms
  • Torque: Over 290 lb-ft @? rpms
  • Weight: 120 kg (Dry Weight)?

Specification of VRH50A[edit]

Nissan VRH50A racing engine at the Nissan Engine Museum
  • Cylinder Block: Aluminum, Closed Deck
  • Aspiration: Naturally Aspirated
  • Valvetrain: DOHC, 4 Valves per Cylinder
  • Displacement: 4997 cc
  • Bore x Stroke: 96.00 x 86.3 mm
  • Compression ratio: 14.0:1 (estimated)
  • Redline: 8000 rpm
  • Power: 650 ps @7200 rpm
  • Torque: 470 lb-ft (618 N-m)@6000 rpm
  • Engine Management: Nissan Electronics/Hitachi HN-1
  • Weight: 150 kg

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Yoshimasa Hayashi (林義正). (1991). レーシングエンジンの徹底研究 (in Japanese). グランプリ出版. ISBN 4-87687-114-0. 
  • Naoshi Kuroi (黒井尚志). (1992). ル・マン―偉大なる草レースの挑戦者たち (in Japanese). 集英社. ISBN 4-08-780158-6.