A Nissl body, also known as Nissl or tigroid substance, is a large granular body found in neurons. These granules are rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER) with rosettes of free ribosomes, and are the site of protein synthesis. It was named after Franz Nissl, a German psychiatrist who invented the Nissl staining method.
Nissl bodies can be demonstrated by a method of selective staining developed by Nissl (Nissl staining), using an aniline stain to label extranuclear RNA granules. This staining method is useful to localize the perikaryon, cell body, as it can be seen in the soma and dendrites of neurons, though not in the axon or axon hillock. Due to RNA's basophilic ("base-loving") properties it is stained blue by this method.
The ultrastructure of Nissl bodies suggests they are primarily concerned with the synthesis of proteins for intercellular use.
- John H. Byrne; James Lewis Roberts (23 January 2009). From Molecules to Networks: An Introduction to Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience. Academic Press. pp. 20–. ISBN 978-0-12-374132-5. Retrieved 4 January 2013.
- Richard H. Thompson (29 March 2000). The Brain: A Neuroscience Primer. Macmillan. pp. 35–. ISBN 978-0-7167-3226-6. Retrieved 4 January 2013.
- Wolfgang Kühnel (2003). Color Atlas of Cytology, Histology, and Microscopic Anatomy. Thieme. pp. 182–. ISBN 978-3-13-562404-4. Retrieved 4 January 2013.
- T. Herdegen; J. Delgado-Garcia (25 May 2005). Brain Damage and Repair: From Molecular Research to Clinical Therapy. Springer. pp. 37–. ISBN 978-1-4020-1892-3. Retrieved 4 January 2013.
- Nissl Bodies at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH)
- BU Histology Learning System: 04103loa - "Nervous Tissue and Neuromuscular Junction: spinal cord, cell bodies of anterior horn cells"
- Anatomy at MUN nerve/nerve97 (halfway down page)
- Histology at anhb.uwa.edu.au
- Tissues containing Nissl bodies at harvard.edu
|This neuroscience article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|