Niter kibbeh, or niter qibe (Ge'ez ንጥር ቅቤ niṭer ḳibē), also called tesmi (in Tigrinya), is a seasoned, clarified butter used in Ethiopian cooking. Its preparation is similar to that of ghee, but niter kibbeh is simmered with spices such as fenugreek, cumin, coriander, turmeric, cardamom, cinnamon, or nutmeg before straining. This imparts a distinct spicy aroma to it.
In Somaliland, it is known as subag Soomaali and is extensively produced and used in cooking in households and to preserve meats in nomadic culture. The ingredients are a bit different, as Somalis use fresh butter, garlic, cardamom and cloves.
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