Nitish Kumar

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Nitish Kumar
Nitish Kumar.jpeg
22nd Chief Minister of Bihar
In office
24 November 2005 – 17 May 2014
Preceded by President's rule
Succeeded by Jitan Ram Manjhi
In office
3 March 2000 – 10 March 2000
Preceded by Rabri Devi
Succeeded by Rabri Devi
Minister of Railways
In office
20 March 2001 – 21 May 2004
Preceded by Mamata Banerjee
Succeeded by Lalu Prasad Yadav
In office
19 March 1998 – 5 August 1999
Preceded by Ram Vilas Paswan
Succeeded by Ram Naik
Minister of Agriculture
In office
27 May 2000 – 21 July 2001
In office
22 November 1999 – 3 March 2000
Minister of Surface Transport
In office
13 October 1999 – 22 November 1999
In office
14 April 1998 – 5 August 1999
Personal details
Born (1951-03-01) 1 March 1951 (age 63)
Bakhtiarpur, Bihar
Political party Janata Dal (United)
Spouse(s) Late Smt. Manju Kumari Sinha
Children Nishant Kumar (son)
Residence 7, Circular Road, Patna
Alma mater National Institute of Technology, Patna
Profession Politician
Social Worker
Agriculturist
Engineer
Religion Hinduism
Website www.facebook.com/NitishKumarJDU
As of 5 July, 2014

Nitish Kumar (Hindi: नीतीश कुमार) (born 1 March 1951) is an Indian politician who served as the Chief Minister of Bihar from 2005 to 2014. Previously, he was a Minister in the Union Government of India. He belongs to the Janata Dal (United) party. As Chief Minister, he gained popularity by initiating a series of developmental and constructive activities including building of long-delayed bridges, re-laying roads that had ceased to exist, appointing over 100,000 school teachers, ensuring that doctors worked in primary health centers, and keeping crime in check.[1] On May 17, 2014 he resigned, taking moral responsibility for his party's poor performance in the 2014 general elections.[2]

Early life and career[edit]

Nitish Kumār was born in Bihar in a Kurmi family[3][4] to Kaviraj Ram Lakhan Singh and Parmeshwari Devi.[5] His father was a freedom fighter and was close to the great Gandhian Bihar Vibhuti Anugrah Narayan Sinha, one of the founders of modern Bihar. His father, who was also an Ayurvedic Vaidyaraj, left the Indian National Congress to join the Janata Party, after it denied him candidature in the 1952 and 1957 general elections.[6]

He has a degree in Electrical Engineering from the Bihar College of Engineering, Patna (now NIT Patna).[7] He joined the Bihar State Electricity Board, but halfheartedly, and later moved into politics.[8]

Political career[edit]

Nitish Kumar belongs to a socialist class of politicians.He learnt the lessons of politics under the tutelage of stalwarts Jayaprakash Narayan, Ram Manohar Lohia, Karpoori Thakur, George Fernandes, S N Sinha and V. P. Singh.[9]

Nitish Kumar participated in Jayaprakash Narayan's movement[10] between 1974 and 1977, and was close to Satyendra Narayan Sinha, a prominent leader of the time. In the 1980 Bihar assembly elections, Kumar stood from Harnaut, which had a strong presence of his fellow Kurmis. He was first elected to the Bihar Legislative Assembly in 1985 as an independent candidate. In 1987, he became the President of the Yuva Lok Dal. In 1989, he became the Secretary-General of the Janata Dal in Bihar. He was also elected to the 9th Lok Sabha the same year. Nitish was aligned with Laloo Prasad Yadav for years before they parted ways and Samata Party came into existence in 1994.

Union Minister in Centre[edit]

In 1989, Nitish Kumar was appointed as the Union Minister of State for Agriculture in the Cabinet of Prime Minister Vishwanath Pratap Singh. In 1991, he was re-elected to the Lok Sabha and became General Secretary of the Janata Dal at the national level and the Deputy Leader of Janata Dal in the Parliament. He represented Barh parliamentary constituency in the Lok Sabha during 1989 and 2004.

He briefly served as the Union Cabinet Minister for Railways and Minister for Surface Transport and then as the Minister for Agriculture in 1998–99. In August 1999, he resigned following the Gaisal train disaster. During his term as Minister of Railways, he brought widespread reforms[11] such as internet ticket booking facility, opening a record number of railway ticket booking counters and introducing revolutionary tatkal scheme for instant booking.

The infamous Godhra riots of 2002 happened during his tenure as railway minister.

Later that year, he rejoined the Union Cabinet as Minister for Agriculture. From 2001 to May 2004, he served as the Union Cabinet Minister for Railways in the NDA Government of Atal Bihari Vajpayee. In the 2004 Lok Sabha elections he contested elections from two constituencies, Barh and Nalanda. He was elected from Nalanda but lost from his traditional constituency, Barh.[12]

Chief Minister of Bihar[edit]

1st Term (3 March 2000 – 10 March 2000)[edit]

On 3 March 2000, Nitish Kumar was appointed the Chief Minister of Bihar, but he resigned seven days later as he failed to prove majority. RJD leader Lalu Prasad Yadav enjoyed the majority.[citation needed]

2nd Term (24 November 2005 – 24 November 2010)[edit]

In November 2005, he led the National Democratic Alliance to victory in the 2005 Bihar assembly elections bringing an end to the 15-year rule of the Lalu Prasad Yadav-led Rashtriya Janata Dal. He was sworn in as the Chief Minister of Bihar on 24 November 2005. Under his government, Bihar developed an electronic version of the Right to Information Act called Jankari scheme. In addition, he launched the E-shakti NREGS program, by which rural people can get employment information by telephone. He is credited with improving infrastructure, and reducing crime, widely felt to be serious problems in the state.

Under his governance Bihar has had a record number of criminal prosecutions through fast track courts. His government initiated a mandatory weekly meeting with all District Magistrates to monitor progress at the grassroot level. His government has generated employment in police services and teaching. Bihar recorded record construction work during his five year mandate, surpassing the national average.

Nitish Kumar government also initiated bicycle and meal programs – the government gave bicycles to girls who stayed in school – which saw Bihar getting huge number of girls into schools and fall in school drop out rates.[13] Women and extremely backward castes were given 50% reservation in electorals for the first time ever in India. However, bicycle scheme of Nitish Government has been criticised by some people because of corruption involved in the scheme.[citation needed]

Health schemes were launched to improve village hospitals and the free medicine distribution system. Loan schemes for farmers were improved by involving national banks.

The state witnessed steep hike in GSDP growth, the second highest in the country. Bihar was recorded as the highest tax payer state in eastern India.

Dr. Abdul Kalam, former President of India and Nitish Kumar initiated the Nalanda International University project, headed by the Prime Minister of India.

3rd Term (26 November 2010 to 17 May 2014)[edit]

In 2010, Nitish Kumar's party swept back to power along with its allies (at that time), Bharatiya Janata Party. On 26 November 2010, Nitish Kumar took oath as a Chief Minister of Bihar. This was his second consecutive term as Chief Minister of Bihar.[2] In a keenly fought contest, Nitish Kumar led JDU-BJP combine won with four-fifth majority. NDA won 206 seats while RJD won 22 seats. No party there has won enough seats to represent the opposition in the state assembly, which requires at least 25 seats to become eligible to represent the main opposition party.[14][15] For the first time, electorates witnessed high turnout of women and young voters, while this was declared as the fairest election in Bihar, with no bloodshed or poll violence.[16]

Resignation[edit]

On 17 May 2014 he submitted his resignation to the Governor of Bihar, a day after his party fared poorly in the 2014 Lok Sabha elections winning just 2 seats against 20 seats in the last election. Kumar resigned taking the moral responsibility of his party's poor performance in the election.[2]

Personal life[edit]

On 22 February 1973, Nitish Kumar married Manju Kumari Sinha, a teacher by profession. They have a son, Nishant, who is a graduate of BIT, Mesra.[17] Manju Sinha died in 2007 at the age of 53. Nitish's nickname is 'Munna'.[18] He is a teetotaler, does not smoke, and is a frugal eater.[19] He is also known as 'Sushasan Babu' by his fans and followers.

Biographies[edit]

  • Arun Sinha has authored a book titled Nitish Kumar and The Rise of Bihar.[24][25][26][27]

Awards and recognition[edit]

Positions held[edit]

Period Positions Note
1977 Contested first assembly elections on a Janata Party ticket.
1985–89 Member, Bihar Legislative Assembly. First term in Legislative Assembly
1986–87 Member, Committee on Petitions, Bihar Legislative Assembly.
1987–88 President, Yuva Lok Dal, Bihar.
1987–89 Member, Committee on Public Undertakings, Bihar Legislative Assembly.
1989 Secretary-General, Janata Dal, Bihar.
1989 Elected to 9th Lok Sabha. First term in Lok Sabha
1989 - 16 July 1990 Member, House Committee. Resigned
April 1990 - November 1990 Union Minister of State, Agriculture and Co-operation.
1991 Re-elected to 10th Lok Sabha. 2nd term in Lok Sabha
1991–93 General-Secretary, Janata Dal.
Deputy Leader of Janata Dal in Parliament.
17 December 1991 - 10 May 1996 Member, Railway Convention Committee.
8 April 1993 - 10 May 1996 Chairman, Committee on Agriculture.
1996 Re-elected to 11th Lok Sabha.
Member, Committee on Estimates.
Member, General Purposes Committee.
Member, Joint Committee on the Constitution (Eighty-first Amendment Bill, 1996).
3rd term in Lok Sabha
1996–98 Member, Committee on Defence.
1998 Re-elected to 12th Lok Sabha. 4th term in Lok Sabha
19 March 1998 - 5 August 1999 Union Cabinet Minister, Railways.
14 April 1998 - 5 August 1999 Union Cabinet Minister, Surface Transport (additional charge).
1999 Re-elected to 13th Lok Sabha. 5th term in Lok Sabha
13 October 1999 - 22 November 1999 Union Cabinet Minister, Surface Transport.
22 November 1999 - 3 March 2000 Union Cabinet Minister, Agriculture.
3 March 2000 - 10 March 2000 Chief Minister, Bihar. as 29th Chief Minister of Bihar, only for 7 days
27 May 2000 - 20 March 2001 Union Cabinet Minister, Agriculture.
20 March 2001 - 21 July 2001 Union Cabinet Minister, Agriculture with additional charge of Railways.
22 July 2001 - 21 May 2004 Union Cabinet Minister, Railways
2004 Re-elected to 14th Lok Sabha.
Member, Committee on Coal & Steel.
Member, General Purposes Committee.
Member, Committee of Privileges.
Leader Janata Dal (U) Parliamentary Party, Lok Sabha.
6th term in Lok Sabha
24 November 2005 – 24 November 2010 Chief Minister, Bihar. as 31st Chief Minister of Bihar,
26 November 2010 – 17 May 2014 Chief Minister, Bihar. as 32nd Chief Minister of Bihar

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Nitish Kumar's development agenda makes waves in Bihar". Lok Sabha Elections 2009 (Sify News). 1 May 2009. Retrieved 26 May 2009. 
  2. ^ a b "Nitish Kumar resigns as the Chief Minister of Bihar". IANS. news.biharprabha.com. Retrieved 17 May 2014. 
  3. ^ "Mighty Kurmis of Bihar - The Times of India". The Times Of India. 
  4. ^ Gaikwad, Rahi (16 June 2013). "Together they ended Lalu's reign in Bihar". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 
  5. ^ Bihar is run by a peasant Kurmi (Nitish Kumar)
  6. ^ "NATIONAL / NEW DELHI : Nitish Kumar entered politics with a ‘wound’, claims book". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 2012-06-25. Retrieved 2012-09-17. 
  7. ^ Nitish's brief biography
  8. ^ "I dream of the old glory days of Bihar". The Times Of India. 
  9. ^ "A Politician other Politicians should Emulate!". Polityindia.com. 2011-01-18. Retrieved 2012-09-17. 
  10. ^ Famous Indian personalities-Nitish Kumar [1] Nitish ., Chief Minister of Bihar
  11. ^ "Railway budget promises reforms~ says minister | India". Archive.thepeninsulaqatar.com. 2002-02-21. Retrieved 2012-09-17. 
  12. ^ "Nitish Kumar voted out of Barh, wins in Nalanda". rediff.com. 2004-05-13. Retrieved 2012-12-23. 
  13. ^ "A triumph in Bihar". The Economist. 25 November 2010. 
  14. ^ Das, Nairita (2010-11-25). "Nitish . Oncreates history in Bihar; grabs 206 seats". News.oneindia.in. Retrieved 2012-09-17. 
  15. ^ "Nitish sweeps Bihar polls; Cong crushed, Lalu eclipsed". The Times Of India. 25 November 2010. 
  16. ^ on"A landslide sweep for JD(U)-BJP combine in Bihar : Election Updates, News - India Today". Indiatoday.intoday.in. 2010-11-24. Retrieved 2012-09-17. 
  17. ^ "In Bihar, son rise on a different horizon - cricket, films". Indian Express. 2009-04-03. Retrieved 2012-09-17. 
  18. ^ "Thousands of people had gathered on the streets since early morning as the news came that 'Munnaji' was coming home." "The town where Nitish is 'Munna'". India News (Rediff News). 25 November 2005. Retrieved 26 May 2009. 
  19. ^ Simha, Vijay (3 December 2005). "Constant Gardener’s turn in the sun". News (Tehelka). Retrieved 26 May 2009. 
  20. ^ When Nitish Kumar cancelled the Modi dinner
  21. ^ Single Man : The Life And Times Of Nitish Kumar Of Bihar
  22. ^ Nitish Kumar: Bihar’s renaissance man
  23. ^ 'Nitish Kumar sees Narendra Modi as a man who imperils inclusive and secular India'
  24. ^ http://www.goodreads.com/book/show/13234107-nitish-kumar-and-the-rise-of-bihar
  25. ^ Ramakrishnan, T. (19 March 2012). "The man who transformed Bihar". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 
  26. ^ http://www.hindustantimes.com/lifestyle/books/review-nitish-kumar-and-the-rise-of-bihar/article1-899330.aspx
  27. ^ http://www.outlookindia.com/article.aspx?279449
  28. ^ http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/nitish-kumar-foreign-policy-top-100-global-thinkers/1/234869.html
  29. ^ Our Bureau. "Business Line : Industry & Economy / Economy : XLRI to fete Nitish Kumar". Thehindubusinessline.com. Retrieved 2012-09-17. 
  30. ^ "MSN Indian Of The Year: Nitish Kumar". News.in.msn.com. 2010-12-20. Retrieved 2012-09-17. 
  31. ^ NDTV Indian of the Year: The winners (2011-02-18). "NDTV Indian of the Year: The winners". NDTV.com. Retrieved 2012-09-17. 
  32. ^ "A Person of the Year: Nitish Kumar". Forbes. 3 January 2011. 
  33. ^ Nitish Kumar, CNN IBN Indian of the year-2010
  34. ^ "News » Videos". NDTV. Retrieved 2012-09-17. 
  35. ^ "Features". The Times Of India (India). 25 August 2009. 
  36. ^ "Awards galore for Nitish". The Times Of India (India). 24 December 2010. 
  37. ^ Indian Of The Year 2008 -politics winner nitish kumar
  38. ^ "IBN". Ibnlive.in.com. Retrieved 2012-09-17. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
President's rule
Chief Minister of Bihar
24 November 2005 – present
Succeeded by
Jitan Ram Manjhi