Nitrosomonadales

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Nitrosomonadales
Spirillum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Bacteria
Phylum: Proteobacteria
Class: Betaproteobacteria
Order: Nitrosomonadales
Families & Genera

Nitrosomonadaceae
   Nitrosomonas
   Nitrosospira
Gallionellaceae
   Gallionella
Spirillaceae
   Spirillum

The Nitrosomonadales are a small order of Proteobacteria.[1] Like all Proteobacteria, they are gram-negative. They include Nitrosomonas, Nitrosospira, Gallionella (iron bacteria), and Spirillum. Members of the genus Nitrosomonas oxidize ammonia into nitrite,[1] a process called nitrification. They are important in the nitrogen cycle. The species Spirillum minus causes Rat bite fever.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Garrity, George M.; Brenner, Don J.; Krieg, Noel R.; Staley, James T. (eds.) (2005). Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Volume Two: The Proteobacteria, Part C: The Alpha-, Beta-, Delta-, and Epsilonproteobacteria. New York, New York: Springer. ISBN 978-0-387-24145-6.
  2. ^ Gaastra W, Boot R, Ho HT, Lipman LJ (October 2008). "Rat bite fever". Veterinary Microbiology 133 (3): 211–28. doi:10.1016/j.vetmic.2008.09.079. PMID 19008054. 

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