Nitzanim

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Nitzanim
נִצָּנִים, ניצנים
Nitzanim Palace (2).jpg
Nitzanim is located in Israel
Nitzanim
Nitzanim
Coordinates: 31°42′59.75″N 34°38′1.68″E / 31.7165972°N 34.6338000°E / 31.7165972; 34.6338000Coordinates: 31°42′59.75″N 34°38′1.68″E / 31.7165972°N 34.6338000°E / 31.7165972; 34.6338000
Council Hof Ashkelon
Region Southern coastal plain
Affiliation HaOved HaTzioni
Founded 1943
Founded by New immigrants

Nitzanim (Hebrew: נִצָּנִים, lit. Flower buds) is a kibbutz in southern Israel located between Ashkelon and Ashdod on the Nitzanim dunes. The kibbutz is under the jurisdiction of Hof Ashkelon Regional Council. In 2006 it had a population of 343.

History[edit]

Homes in Nitzanim destroyed in the Arab-Israeli War

Kibbutz Nitzanim was established on 400 acre plot of land purchased by the Jewish National Fund in 1942. On the grounds was a large building that became known as the "mansion." [1] The first residents were new immigrants, some of them Holocaust survivors. The kibbutz later absorbed additional immigrants from Poland and Romania.

The kibbutz was bombarded and captured by the Egyptian army during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War in the Battle of Nitzanim. Of Nitzanim’s 141 members, 37 were killed and many were taken prisoner.[2]

A new village was established some four kilometres south of the original location. In 1949, Nitzanim Youth Village was established on the original site. After the youth village closed in 1990, the communal settlement of Nitzan was founded there. Nitzanim is surrounded by a nature reserve.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Women of Valor Center - Nitzanim Society for the Preservation of Israel Heritage sites
  2. ^ Gems in Israel: Nitzanim Beach
  3. ^ Historical sites in Nitzan