Family tree of Muhammad

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Family tree[edit]

Kilab ibn Murrah
 
 
 
 
 
Fatimah bint Sa'd
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Zuhrah ibn Kilab
(progenitor of Banu Zuhrah)
maternal great-great-grandfather
 
 
 
 
 
 
Qusai ibn Kilab
paternal great-great-great-grandfather
 
 
 
Hubba bint Hulail
paternal great-great-great-grandmother
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
`Abd Manaf ibn Zuhrah
maternal great-grandfather
 
 
 
 
 
 
`Abd Manaf ibn Qusai
paternal great-great-grandfather
 
 
 
Atikah bint Murrah
paternal great-great-grandmother
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Wahb ibn `Abd Manaf
maternal grandfather
 
 
 
 
 
 
Hashim ibn 'Abd Manaf
(progenitor of Banu Hashim)
paternal great-grandfather
 
 
 
Salma bint `Amr
paternal great-grandmother
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fatimah bint `Amr
paternal grandmother
 
 
 
`Abdul-Muttalib
paternal grandfather
 
 
 
 
 
 
Halah bint Wahb
paternal step-grandmother
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Aminah
mother
 
`Abd Allah
father
 
Abu Talib
paternal uncle
 
 
Az-Zubayr
paternal uncle
 
Harith
paternal uncle
 
Hamza
paternal half-uncle
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Thuwaybah
first nurse
 
 
Halimah
second nurse
 
 
 
 
`Abbas
paternal half-uncle
family tree
 
Abu Lahab
paternal half-uncle
 
6 other sons
and 6 daughters
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Muhammad
 
Khadija
first wife
 
 
`Abd Allah ibn `Abbas
paternal cousin
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fatimah
daughter
 
 
 
Ali
paternal cousin and son-in-law
family tree, descendants
 
 
 
 
 
Qasim
son
 
`Abd-Allah
son
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Zainab
daughter
 
Ruqayyah
daughter
 
Uthman
son-in-law
family tree
 
Umm Kulthum
daughter
 
Zayd
adopted son
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ali ibn Zainab
grandson
 
Umamah bint Zainab
granddaughter
 
`Abd-Allah ibn Uthman
grandson
 
 
 
Rayhana
(marriage disputed)
 
 
Usama ibn Zayd
adoptive grandson
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Muhsin ibn Ali
grandson
 
Hasan ibn Ali
grandson
 
Husayn ibn Ali
grandson
family tree
 
Umm Kulthum bint Ali
granddaughter
 
Zaynab bint Ali
granddaughter
 
 
Safiyya
tenth / eleventh wife*
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Abu Bakr
father-in-law
family tree
 
 
Sawda
second / third wife*
 
 
Umar
father-in-law
family tree
 
 
Umm Salama
sixth wife
 
 
Juwayriya
eighth wife
 
 
Maymuna
eleventh / twelfth wife*
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Aisha
second / third wife*
family tree
 
 
Zaynab
fifth wife
 
 
Hafsa
fourth wife
 
 
Zaynab
seventh wife
 
 
Umm Habiba
ninth wife
 
 
Maria al-Qibtiyya
thirteenth wife
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ibrahim
son
  • Note that direct lineage is marked in bold.
  • * indicates that the marriage order is disputed

Genealogy[edit]

Part of a series on
Muhammad
Muhammad

Wathilah ibn al-Asqa narrated the Prophet Muhammad said;

"Indeed Allah chose Isma'il from the progeny of Ibrahim, chose the Banu Kinanah over other tribes from the children of Isma'il; He chose the Banu Quraish over other tribes of Kinanah; He chose Banu Hashim over the other families of the Quraish; and He chose me from Banu Hashim."

—Related by Muslim and Tirmidhi.

Muhammad to Adnan[edit]

According to Islamic prophetic tradition, Muhammad was descended from Adnan. Tradition records the genealogy from Adnan to Muhammad comprises 21 generations. "The following is the list of chiefs who are said to have ruled the Hejaz and to have been the patrilineal ancestors of Muhammad."[1]

Prophet Muhammad's ancestors to Murrah

Adnan to Isma'il[edit]

Various genealogies of Adnan up to Isma'il have been narrated. Adnan was the ancestor of the Adnani Arabs of northern, central and western Arabia and a direct descendant of Isma'il. It is not confirmed how many generation are between them, however Adnan was fairly close to Isma'il. Isma'il had twelve sons who are said to have become twelve tribal chiefs throughout the regions from Havilah to Shur (from Assyria to the border of Egypt).

Genealogists differ from which son of Isma'il the main line of descent came, either through his eldest son Nabut, or his second son Qedar who was the father of the North Arabian Qedarite tribe that controlled the region between the Persian Gulf and the Sinai Peninsula. Genealogists also differ in the names on the line of descent.

The relationship between the prophets under the lineage of Abraham's two sons Ishmael and Isaac

Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari states:

"The genealogists do not differ concerning the descent of our Prophet Muhammad as far as Ma’add b. ‘Adnan."

—The History of al-Tabari, Volume 6, p. 37

Ibrahim to Nuh[edit]

`Abd Allah ibn `Abbas narrated the Prophet Muhammad said;

"The descendants of `Imran, mentioned in Allah's saying, ‘Allah did choose Adam and Nuh, the family of Ibrahim, and the family of `Imran above all people,-' [Quran 03:33] are the believers among sons of Ibrahim, `Imran, Yasin and Muhammad"

—Related by Bukhari.

"And We sent Noah and Abraham, and established in their line Prophethood and Revelation: and some of them were on right guidance. But many of them became rebellious transgressors."

—Qur'an, chapter 57 (Al-Hadid), verse 26.

It is unclear how many generations are between Ibrahim and Nuh. Nuh's son Sam was the ancestor of the Semitic race.

Nuh to Adam[edit]

'Abd Allah ibn 'Abbas narrated the Prophet Muhammad said;

“Between Nuh and Adam were ten generations, all of them were upon Sharia of the truth, then they differed. So Allah sent prophets as bringers of good news and as warners.”

Some of the important descendants of Muhammad ibn Abd Allah ibn ʿAbd al-Muttalib[edit]


 
 
 
 
 
İbrahim
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
İsmail
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Qedarites
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Adnān
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mālik
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Quraysh
Fihr
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Harith
 
Muhārib
 
Gālib
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Salabah
 
 
 
 
 
Lu'ay
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sûrayr
 
 
 
 
 
Kâ'b
 
Sayl
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mûrrah
 
Sa'd
 
 
 
 
 
 
Hind
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Kilab ibn Murrah
 
Fatimah bint Sa'd
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Qusai ibn Kilab
 
 
 
 
 
Hubba bint Hulail
 
Zuhrah ibn Kilab
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Waqida bint Amr
 
 
 
 
 
Abd Manaf ibn Qusai
 
ʿAbd Manāf ibn Zuhrah
 
ʿĀtika
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nawfal ibn Abd Manaf
 
Atikah bint Murrah
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
ʿAbd Shams ibnʿAbdManaf
 
Hala
 
Barra
 
 
Muttalib ibn Abd Manaf
 
Hashim ibn 'Abd Manaf
 
 
 
Hashemites
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Banu Nawfal
 
Umayya ibn Abd Shams
 
Barra
 
Wahb ibn 'Abd Manaf
 
Abusayfah
 
‘Abd al-Muttalib
 
 
Asad ibn Hashim
 
Nazle
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Harb
 
 
 
Abu al-'As ibn Umayyah
 
 
 
Aminah bint Wahb
 
‘Abd Allah ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib
 
Abu Talib ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib
 
 
Hamza ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib
 
‘Abbas ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Abu Sufyan ibn Harb
 
Al-Hakam ibn Abi al-'As
 
 
Affan ibn Abi al-'As
 
Muhammed
(Family tree)
 
Khadijah (Daughters)
 
 
Ali
(Family tree)
 
Khawlah bint Ja'far
 
ʿAbd Allâh bin `Abbâs
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Muawiyah I
 
 
Marwan ibn al-Hakam
 
 
Uthman ibn Affan
 
Ruqayyah bint Muhammad
 
Fatimah Zahra
 
 
Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah
 
Al-Mukhtar al-Thaqafi
(Kaysān’îyyah)
 
ʿAli bin ʿAbd Allāh
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ummayads
 
 
Uthman ibn Abu-al-Aas
 
 
Hasan al-mujtaba
 
Mother of Fātimāh
 
Hussein ibn Ali (Family)
 
Shahrbanu
 
Abu Hāshim al-Hānafiyyah (Kaysān’īyyah)
 
 
Muhammad "al-Imām"
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Yazid I
 
 
Zayd ibn al-Hasan
 
Hasan al-Mu'thannā
 
Fatimah bint Hasan
 
Ali Zayn
al-‘Āb’i-Dīn
 
Jayda al-Sindhi
 
As-Saffah
 
Ibrāheem "al-Imām"
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Muawiyah II
 
 
Hasan ibn Zayd ibn Hasan
 
ʿAbd Allāh al-Kāmil
 
Farwah bint al-Qasim
 
Muhammad al-Baqir
(Imāmah)
 
Zayd ash-Shaheed
(Zaidiyyah)
 
Abbasids
 
Jāʿfar ibn Abī Tālīb
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ali Zayn
al-‘Āb’i-Dīn
 
 
Ismā‘il ibn Hassan
 
 
Muhammad al-Nafs al-Zakiyya
 
Hamīdah al-Barbariyyah Khātūn
 
Jāʿfar al-Sādiq (Imamāh‘Shi'ā)
 
Fatima bint al-Hussain'l-Athram
 
Hasan ibn Zayd’ûl-Alavī (Tabaristan)
 
 
ʿAbd Allāh ibn Jāʿfar
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
‘Umar al-Ashraf
 
 
Muhammed ibn Ismā‘il
 
 
Idris ibn ʿAbd Allāh
 
Ummul Banīn Najmah
 
Musa al-Kadhim
(Athnā‘ashariyyah)
 
Ismā‘il
(Ismā‘il’īyyah)
 
 
Yāhyā ibn Zayd’ûl-Alavī
 
 
Ismā‘il ibn ʿAbd Allāh
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
‘Alī
 
 
Zayyed
 
 
Idrisids
 
Sabīkah Khayzurān
 
Ali al-Ridha
 
Muhammed
 
 
Hussein
 
ʿAbd Allāh
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
al-Hussayn
 
 
 
Dā‘ī al-Kabīr
 
 
Ibrāhim
 
Sumānah
 
M. al-Jawād
 
Al-Wafi
 
 
Yāhyā
 
al-Hussayn
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
‘Alī
 
Al-ṣāghīr
 
 
 
Yāhyā
 
Hadīthah/Sūsan/Savīl
 
‘Alī al-Hādī
 
At-Tāqī
 
 
‘Umar
 
Fatımā
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
al-Nāṣīr
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Narjis
 
Hasan al-Askari
 
Ar-Rāḍī
 
 
 
 
Yāhyā Kufī
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Alavids
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Muhammad Mahdi
 
Mahdi Billāh
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Twelve Imams (Twelvers)
 
Fatimids (Ismailism)
 
Al-Aftāh (Aftāhīyyah)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Al-Qā'im
 
Muhammad
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Al-Mansur
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Al-Mu'izz
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Al-Aziz
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Al-Hakim
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Az-Zahir
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Al-Mustansir
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nizār al-Muṣṭafá (Nizārīyyah)
 
Muhammed
 
Al-Mustā‘lī (Mustā‘līyyah)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Al-Āmīr
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Alamut Castle (Hassasins)
 
Al-Hāfeez (Ḥāfīzīyyah)
 
 
Aṭ-Ṭāyyīb (Ṭāyyībīyyah)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Al-Zāfīr
 
Yūssuf
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nizārī Imāmah
 
 
Al-Fā'īz
 
 
Taiyabi Dā'ĩs
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Al-'Āḍīd
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nizārī Ismāilism
 
 
 
 
 
 
Dawoodi Dā'ĩs
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ayyubids
 
 
 
 

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hughes, Thomas Patrick (1995) [First published 1885]. A Dictionary of Islam: Being a Cyclopaedia of the Doctrines, Rites, Ceremonies, and Customs, Together With the Technical and Theological Terms, of the Muhammadan Religion. New Delhi: Asian Educational Services. p. 19. ISBN 978-81-206-0672-2. Retrieved July 24, 2010. 
  2. ^ Ibn Hisham, Rahmat-ul-lil'alameen, 2/14-17.
  3. ^ Firestone et al., 2001, pp. 11-12. This list of names is based on the work of a 16th century Syrian scholar. Alternate transliterations of the Arabic appear in parentheses. For those names that have articles, which use the most common English name, the article has been linked, but the name appears as transliterated from the Arabic.