Nizhnekamsk Reservoir

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Lower Kama Reservoir, Nizhnekamsk Reservoir
Nishnekamsk reservoir Naberezhnye Chelny.JPG
Nishnekamsk reservoir near Naberezhnye Chelny.
Coordinates 55°53′N 52°45′E / 55.883°N 52.750°E / 55.883; 52.750Coordinates: 55°53′N 52°45′E / 55.883°N 52.750°E / 55.883; 52.750
Type Hydroelectric reservoir
Primary inflows Kama, Belaya, Ik, Izh, Syun, Menzelya Rivers
Primary outflows Kama
Basin countries Russia
Max. length 200 km
Surface area 1,084 km²
Water volume 2.8 km³
Surface elevation 62 (68 planned)
Settlements Naberezhnye Chelny
Mendeleyevsk
Menzelinsk
Sarapul
Neftekamsk
Kambarka
Agidel

Lower Kama Reservoir or Nizhnekamsk Reservoir (Russian: Нижнекамское водоранилище, Tatar Cyrillic: Түбән Кама сусаклагычы, Latin: Tübän Kama susaqlağıçı) is the lowest reservoir from the Kama River hydroelectric cascade. It is situated in Tatarstan, Udmurtia, Bashkortostan and Perm Krai, Russian Federation. The reservoir was filled in 1978-81 up to 62 m above sea level after the construction of dam of the Lower Kama Hydroelectric Station. The water level in reservoir depends on the upper reservoirs regime (Kama Reservoir and Votkinsk Reservoir). The Lower Kama Reservoir has a surface area of 1,084 km² and a volume of 2.8 billion cubic meters. Its length along Kama is 185 km and 157 km along Belaya. The reservoir also used for water supply, irrigation and fishing.[1]

The planned level of the reservoir is 68 m above sea level. Tatarstan government announced plans to reach the full planned power of the electric station.[2] However, ecological movement inside of Tatarstan opposes these plans, as the reservoir will flood Kulyagash wetland and other lands in that case.[3]

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