Nizhnesvirsky Nature Reserve

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Nizhnesvirsky Natural Reserve)
Jump to: navigation, search
Nizhnesvirsky Nature Reserve
Север России (111).JPG
Map showing the location of Nizhnesvirsky Nature Reserve
Map showing the location of Nizhnesvirsky Nature Reserve
Location Russia
Nearest city Lodeynoye Pole
Coordinates 60°36′N 33°0′E / 60.600°N 33.000°E / 60.600; 33.000Coordinates: 60°36′N 33°0′E / 60.600°N 33.000°E / 60.600; 33.000
Area 416 km²[1]
Established June 11, 1980

The Nizhnesvirsky Nature Reserve (Russian: Нижнесвирский заповедник, lit. Lower Svir Zapovednik) is a 416 km² (131 sq mi) zapovednik in Lodeynopolsky District of Leningrad Oblast, Russia, established on June 11, 1980 to protect landscapes of the eastern shore of Lake Ladoga.[1]

Geography[edit]

The nature reserve occupies lowlands on the right bank of the lower Svir River, including a portion of the eastern shore of Lake Ladoga and its waters. The zapovednik's northern border coincides with the border of the Republic of Karelia. The areas across the border belong to Olonetsky Zakaznik.

History[edit]

It was first proposed in the 1950s that protected areas on the eastern shore of Lake Ladoga be created. At the time, the proposals were rejected by the authorities. The expansion and the industrial growth of the city of Leningrad caused considerable impact on the ecology of surrounding areas, and it was again proposed that a protected area be established to study this impact. In 1976 a large-scale program started, and, in particular, Nizhnesvirsky Zakaznik was established. Eventually, the zakaznik was transformed into a nature reserve in 1980.[1]

Fauna and flora[edit]

It is an important stopover location for migratory birds.[2] The zapovednik has a humid continental climate (Köppen's Dfb). The predominant tree species is Scots Pine. A considerable area is occupied by swamps.[3]

Forty species of mammals occur in the nature reserve. Big mammals include brown bear, moose, and lynx.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Нижне-Свирский Заповедник" (in Russian). Особо охраняемые природные территории России. Retrieved 1 January 2013. 
  2. ^ Laura Riley & William Riley. Nature's Strongholds: The World's Great Wildlife Reserves. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2005. ISBN 0-691-12219-9. P. 261-262.
  3. ^ "Растительность" (in Russian). ООПТ России. Retrieved 1 January 2013. 
  4. ^ "Животный мир" (in Russian). ООПТ России. Retrieved 1 January 2013.