Nizhnevartovsk

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Nizhnevartovsk (English)
Нижневартовск (Russian)
-  City[1]  -
Map of Russia - Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug (2008-03).svg
Location of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug in Russia
Nizhnevartovsk is located in Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug
Nizhnevartovsk
Nizhnevartovsk
Location of Nizhnevartovsk in Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug
Coordinates: 60°57′N 76°33′E / 60.950°N 76.550°E / 60.950; 76.550Coordinates: 60°57′N 76°33′E / 60.950°N 76.550°E / 60.950; 76.550
Coat of Arms of Nizhnevartovsk (Khanty-Mansia).png
Flag of Nizhnevartovsk (Khanty-Mansia).svg
Coat of arms
Flag
City Day March 9[citation needed]
Administrative status (as of December 2009)
Country Russia
Federal subject Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug[1]
Administratively subordinated to city of okrug significance of Nizhnevartovsk[1]
Administrative center of Nizhnevartovsky District,[1] city of okrug significance of Nizhnevartovsk[1]
Municipal status (as of December 2009)
Urban okrug Nizhnevartovsk Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center of Nizhnevartovsk Urban Okrug,[2] Nizhnevartovsky Municipal District[2]
Mayor[citation needed] Boris Khokhryakov[citation needed]
Representative body City Duma[3]
Statistics
Area 271.319 km2 (104.757 sq mi)[4]
Population (2010 Census) 251,694 inhabitants[5]
Rank in 2010 73rd
Density 928 /km2 (2,400 /sq mi)[6]
Time zone YEKT (UTC+06:00)[7]
Founded 1909[citation needed]
City status since March 9, 1972[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[8] 628600-628624
Dialing code(s) +7 3466[citation needed]
Official website
Nizhnevartovsk on WikiCommons

Nizhnevartovsk (Russian: Нижневартовск; IPA: [nʲɪʐnʲɪˈvartəfsk]) is the second largest city in Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug, Russia, located along the right bank of the Ob River. Population: 251,694 (2010 Census);[5] 239,044 (2002 Census);[9] 241,457 (1989 Census).[10]

Geography[edit]

The city is laid out on a grid system; however, due to its location on the bank of the river, there is a central kink in the grid which parallels the river's course.

Climate[edit]

Each winter, temperatures can drop as low as −50 °C (−58 °F), and the local residents build a number of ice parks with snow and ice sculptures and play areas for children, mostly comprising images of Father Frost (Russian Santa), and ice slides. In the summer, temperatures can reach as high as +35 °C (95 °F).

History[edit]

It was founded in 1909; its development into a large city was boosted in the 1960s by the discovery of the Samotlor Oil Field, the largest in the country.[citation needed] Town status was granted to it on March 9, 1972.[citation needed]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Nizhnevartovsk serves as the administrative center of Nizhnevartovsky District, even though it is not a part of it.[1] As an administrative division, it is incorporated separately as the city of okrug significance of Nizhnevartovsk—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, the city of okrug significance of Nizhnevartovsk is incorporated as Nizhnevartovsk Urban Okrug.[2]

Economy[edit]

Nizhnevartovsk is the center of the West Siberian oil-producing region and one of the wealthiest cities in the country. The Nizhnevartovsk Airport is the fifteenth busiest airport in Russia, well ahead of those in many larger cities.[citation needed]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns and sister cities[edit]

Nizhnevartovsk is twinned with:

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Law #43-oz
  2. ^ a b c d Law #63-oz
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ Социальный паспорт города Нижневартовска по состоянию на 01.01.2012 года. Официальный сайт органов местного самоуправления города Нижневартовска
  5. ^ a b "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  6. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  7. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  8. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Russian)
  9. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  10. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 

Sources[edit]

  • Дума Ханты-Мансийского автономного округа — Югры. Закон №43-оз от 7 июля 2004 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Ханты-Мансийского автономного округа — Югры и порядке его изменения», в ред. Закона №127-оз от 9 ноября 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Ханты-Мансийского автономного округа — Югры "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Ханты-Мансийского автономного округа — Югры и порядке его изменения"». Вступил в силу по истечении десяти дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Новости Югры", №83, 17 июля 2004 г. (Duma of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug—Yugra. Law #43-oz of July 7, 2004 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug—Yugra and on the Procedures for Its Change, as amended by the Law #127-oz of November 9, 2012 On Amending the Law of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug—Yugra "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug—Yugra and on the Procedures for Its Change". Effective as of the day which after ten days after the official publication date.).
  • Дума Ханты-Мансийского автономного округа — Югры. Закон №63-оз от 25 ноября 2004 г. «О статусе и границах муниципальных образований Ханты-Мансийского автономного округа — Югры», в ред. Закона №73-оз от 25 июня 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Ханты-Мансийского автономного округа — Югры "О статусе и границах муниципальных образований Ханты-Мансийского автономного округа — Югры"». Вступил в силу по истечении десяти дней со дня официального опубликования и до 1 января 2006 года применяется в целях реализации статей 84, 85 Федерального закона от 06.10.2003 №131-ФЗ. Опубликован: "Новости Югры", №143, 7 декабря 2004 г. (Duma of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug—Yugra. Law #63-oz of November 25, 2004 On the Status and Borders of the Municipal Formations of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug—Yugra, as amended by the Law #73-oz of June 25, 2012 On Amending the Law of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug—Yugra "On the Status and Borders of the Municipal Formations of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug—Yugra". Effective as of the day which after ten days after the official publication date; also in effect until January 1, 2006 in order to meet the requirements of Articles 84, 85 of the Federal Law #131-FZ of October 6, 2003.).

External links[edit]