Nizhny Bestyakh

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Nizhny Bestyakh (English)
Нижний Бестях (Russian)
-  Urban-type settlement[1]  -
Settlement[1]
Map of Russia - Sakha (Yakutia) Republic (2008-03).svg
Location of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic in Russia
Nizhny Bestyakh is located in Sakha Republic
Nizhny Bestyakh
Nizhny Bestyakh
Magnify-clip.png
Location of Nizhny Bestyakh in the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic
Coordinates: 61°57′N 129°54′E / 61.950°N 129.900°E / 61.950; 129.900Coordinates: 61°57′N 129°54′E / 61.950°N 129.900°E / 61.950; 129.900
Administrative status (as of June 2009)
Country Russia
Federal subject Sakha Republic[1]
Administrative district Megino-Kangalassky District[1]
Administrative center of Nizhny Bestyakh Urban Okrug[1]
Municipal status (as of April 2012)
Municipal district Megino-Kangalassky Municipal District[2]
Urban settlement Nizhny Bestyakh Urban Settlement[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 3,518 inhabitants[3]
Time zone YAKT (UTC+10:00)[4]
Postal code(s)[5] 678080
Nizhny Bestyakh on WikiCommons

Nizhny Bestyakh (Russian: Нижний Бестях; Sakha: Аллараа Бэстээх) is an urban locality (a settlement) in Megino-Kangalassky District of the Sakha Republic, Russia, located on the east bank of the Lena River, opposite the republic's capital city of Yakutsk. Population: 3,518 (2010 Census);[3] 3,327 (2002 Census);[6] 3,997 (1989 Census).[7]

History[edit]

The predecessor of Nizhny Bestyakh was called Yarmanka (sometimes Yarmonka or Yarmonga). Here, at the mouth of the Suola River, from about 1750 to 1850 pack horses were loaded for the long journey down to the Okhotsk Coast. A ferry service was founded in 1772 and operated by exiles for five months a year. It was a gathering place for merchants and cargoes bound eastward. There was ample grass for the herds of cattle and pack horses. [8]

Transportation[edit]

The settlement is the terminus of the only road connection to Yakutsk, the Lena Highway, and is the starting point of the Kolyma Highway, leading to Magadan and the Pacific Ocean coast further east. A ferry allows for transport across the Lena in summer; in winter traffic drives directly across the ice on the frozen river. In spring and autumn, the crossing is not possible due to the movement of ice.

Nizhny Bestyakh was planned to be the terminus of the Amur Yakutsk Mainline; however, plans now call for a road and a rail bridge to be built further upstream, allowing a year-round land transport connection into the city of Yakutsk.[9] In future, Nizhny Bestyakh may find itself on the route for planned extensions of the railway towards Magadan. There are plans to make it a transport hub for northeastern Siberia and eventually grant town status.[10] The railhead for construction of the railway reached Nizhny Bestyakh in late 2011.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic
  2. ^ a b Law #173-Z #353-III
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  6. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  7. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  8. ^ James R Gibson, "Feeding the Russian Fur Trade",1969
  9. ^ http://www.sakha-info.ru/index_eng.php?news=2157
  10. ^ RIA Novosti. В Якутии появится новый город (Russian)

Sources[edit]

  • Official website of the Sakha Republic. Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic. Khangalassky District. (Russian)
  • Государственное Собрание (Ил Тумэн) Республики Саха (Якутия). Закон №173-З №353-III от 30 ноября 2004 г. «Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом городского и сельского поселений муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)», в ред. Закона №1058-З №1007-IV от 25 апреля 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Республики Саха (Якутия) "Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом городского и сельского поселений муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Якутия", №245, 31 декабря 2004 г. (State Assembly (Il Tumen) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. Law #173-Z No. 353-III of November 30, 2004 On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Urban and Rural Settlement Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, as amended by the Law #1058-Z No. 1007-IV of April 25, 2012 On Amending the Law of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic "On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Urban and Rural Settlement Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).