Nizhny Novgorod International Airport
|Nizhny Novgorod International Airport
Международный аэропорт Нижний Новгород
|IATA: GOJ – ICAO: UWGG
|Owner||JSC "Nizhny Novgorod International Airport"|
|Operator||HC Airports of Regions|
|Location||Nizhny Novgorod, Russia|
|Elevation AMSL||256 ft / 78 m|
|Time Zone||UTC +4|
|Operating Time||24/7, All Year|
Nizhny Novgorod International Airport (Russian: Международный аэропорт Нижний Новгород) (IATA: GOJ, ICAO: UWGG) (also referred to as Strigino Airport (Russian: Аэропорт Стригино) is the international airport serving the city of Nizhny Novgorod, Russia. It is located on the outskirts of the city's Avtozavodsky District, 14 km (8.5 mi) southwest of city centre. Strigino is responsible for serving the 3,281,000 citizens of the Nizhny Novgorod Oblast.
Strigino was officially exploited on On July 23, 1923, as a domestic airport. Nizhny Novgorod International Airport is one of the oldest airports in Russia. In 2013, Strigino served 917,424 passengers, a +22.8% increase from the passenger traffic of 2012. Nizhny Novgorod's airport served 777,134 (+29.6%) passengers as of September 1, 2014. Strigino is one of the top 25 busiest airports in Russia. Its extraordinarily rapid increase in passenger traffic rate (≤+20.0% annually) is speculated to bring it to top 10 busiest airports in Russia by 2020.
It is unknown when the first aerodrome in Nizhny Novgorod was built, but its location was 0.5 km north from where the "Moscow" movie theater stands today. This aerodrome was named Nizhny Novgorod Airport. On July 23, 1923, the first domestic and regular flight in Russia was from Khodynka Airport, Moscow, to Nizhny Novgorod Airport, Nizhny Novgorod. The flight was carried on a 4-seated Junkers F. 13.
In 1937, due to Gorky's (Nizhny Novgorod's official name between 1932-1990) spontaneous population increase, the USSR Council of Ministers ordered that a new aerodrome was to be built outside the city's municipal district. In 1938, the new "Strigino" airport completed construction. Today, Nizhny Novgorod International Airport is still located in the same general location as the Strigino airport. The new runways could handle the Douglas DC-3, Junker F. 13, Junker A. 35, and other light-weight aircraft.
In World War 2, the airport served as an air base for the 201st air division. In 1950, 5 ears after the war, the division was regrouped into the 148th air division and relocated to air bases in the Far East.
In 1963, a new domestic terminal began construction. The terminal completed construction in 1965, and had its first passengers that same year. This terminal is still used today as Strigino's main facility for departures and arrivals. Also in 1963 a new enterprise "Nizhny Novgorod United Air Group" was formed. This group operated the airport from 1963-1994. From 1966-1973 a new administrative zone, repair hangar, cargo terminal, and hostel completed construction. Additionally, Strigino's apron was expanded and runway lengthened and reinforced.
Between 1976-1983 a second concrete runway finished optimization and a 6-storey "Aeroflot" hotel was built. In 1989, Strigino hit it passenger traffic record of approximately 1,030,000. Renovations of the Terminal A (main terminal) we made in 1991 after the dissolution of the USSR, and in 1993 in preparation for gaining international status.
In 1994, after the fall of the Soviet Union and a rapid increase in international flights, and after the airport passed the ICAO Category I standards, Strigino was given international status. Also in 1994 the "Nizhny Novgorod United Air Group" was split into 3 new companies: the state-owned "Nizhny Novgorod International Airport", the "Nizhny Novgorod Airlines" airline company, and the "Aeronavigation NN".
In 2003, after a steady decrease in passenger traffic and a lack of sufficient funds, Nizhny Novgorod International Airport went bankrupt and was forced to host multiple auctions. Beginning 2004, the traffic rate began to rise again, but at a relatively low pace. This was due to a certain locked cycle involving NN's low poetntial. Nizhny Novgorod needed more passengers in order to start receiving investments. But in order to have more passengers, a new modern terminal was needed to be built, to set a more pleasant environment. However, there weren't enough funds to build the new terminal, and the cycle refreshes.
In 2011 HC Airports of Regions won their bid on the investment project into Nizhny Novgorod International Airport. In 2012, certain renovations were made in order to more efficiently exploit the existing facility whilst the new one is being built.
In June 2014, the construction of new terminal started. It is supposed to be opened by December 2015 and be able to handle around 300 passengers per hour. The second terminal will be built after the World Cup in 2018, hosted by Nizhny Novgorod among others, and the aforementioned railway station is planned to be constructed during that time as well.
Terminal A, also known as the main terminal of the Strigino airport, is approximately 10,000 m². It contains all the arrival an departure equipment, as well as several cafes and bank machines.
Decision for New Terminal
Strigino's intense passenger traffic rate increase provoked an interest from multiple stock companies, including Basel Aero and HC Airports of Regions. AoR (Airports of Regions) won their bid on the investment project in Strigino in 2011. That same year they developed a 10-year reconstruction plan from 2011-2021, broken down into 3 phases.
It is proposed that Nizhny Novgorod International Airport will in future serve as the 4th airport of Moscow. Certain measures have been taken to cement that idea. It has been officially confirmed that the Moscow to Kazan high-speed rail will pass through the Strigino Airport. The railway will go from Mosow's Kurusk Railway Station to the planned railway station 700 m from the airport's new terminal. The ride is estimated at 2 hours. This major project is planned to bring over 6,000,000 passengers from Moscow to Nizhny Novgorod Int. Airport by 2025.
Phase I consists of the construction of a new terminal: Terminal B. The terminal will be 27,800 m² and will have 4 jet birdges, supplied by the ThyssenKrupp company. Terminal B will be 3 stories high, and will be able to support 1,500,000 passengers annually. Phase I also consists of building an 800 slot parking lot with 28 slots for handicapped citizens. The airports designs were made by the Hintan Assosiates company. Phase I is set to be done on December 31, 2015.
Phase II/ Phase III
Phase II takes into consideration the construction of a 4 star hotel, the high-speed railway station, and the expansion of the terminal. The expansion consists of an additional 2 jet bridges and 8,000 m². Phase III includes added 2 more jet bridges and 10,000 m² of total terminal area, as well as the construction of several business centers and a cargo terminal. Phase II is said to be completed by 2018, whilst Phase II should be done in 2021.
Airlines and destinations
The Nizhny Novgorod - Arzamas railway line runs close to the airport. As of 2008, the authorities were studying the feasibility of constructing a railway branch into the airport, and a train station there, with a view to running trains from there to Nizhny Novgorod's main railway station.
- Магасумова, Роза (3 September 2013). "Аэропорт "Нижний Новгород" открывает прямые рейсы на Ростов-на-Дону". БИЗНЕС-ТАСС. Retrieved 3 September 2013.
- ""Азербайджанские авиалинии" в мае планируют открыть рейсы Нижний Новгород - Баку". Interfax. 19 February 2014. Retrieved 19 February 2014.
- "Чешские авиалинии прекращают на зиму полеты в Пермь и Нижний Новгород". czechwalker.ru. 22 October 2014. Retrieved 22 October 2014.
- "С 1 апреля из международного аэропорта Нижний Новгород будут выполняться пять новых региональных рейсов". ОАО «Аэропорт Кольцово» & ОАО «МАНН». Retrieved 28 March 2013.
- Siebert, Lucy (4 June 2014). "New Flybe Finland flights to Russia" (4 June 2014). Routes News. Routes News. Retrieved 4 June 2014.
- "В весенне-летнем расписании аэропорта будут открыты рейсы в 14 городов Европы". Koltsovo Airport & Nizhny Novgorod Airport. Retrieved 4 March 2014.
- "Авиакомпания "Уральские авиалинии" в весенне-летний период планирует запустить 8 новых рейсов из России за границу". Информационное агентство АПИ - Новости Екатеринбурга. 31 January 2013. Retrieved 31 January 2013.
- Горьковская железная дорога планирует организацию перевозок пассажиров из Нижнего Новгорода до аэропорта Стригино. (Gorky Railway is planning passenger transportation from Nizhny Novgorod to Strigino Airport). 20-May-2008 (Russian)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nizhny Novgorod International Airport.|
- (Russian) Official Nizhny Novgorod Airport site
- (Russian) (English) (German) Official Nizhny Novgorod Airport site
- Airport information for UWGG at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.Source: DAFIF.
- Airport information for UWGG at Great Circle Mapper. Source: DAFIF (effective Oct. 2006).
- Current weather for UWGG at NOAA/NWS
- Accident history for GOJ at Aviation Safety Network